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Bilderberg meeting

The Bilderberg meeting (also known as the Bilderberg Group) is an annual conference established in 1954 to foster dialogue between Europe and North America. The group’s agenda, originally to prevent another world war, is now defined as bolstering a consensus around free market Western capitalism and its interests around the globe. Participants include political leaders, experts from industry, finance, academia, and the media, numbering between 120 and 150. Attendees are entitled to use information gained at meetings, but not attribute it to a named speaker. This is to encourage candid debate, while maintaining privacy – a provision that has fed conspiracy theories from both the left and right.

Bilderberg meeting
Formation29 May 1954; 67 years ago (1954-05-29)
Membership
c. 150 invitees, smaller core group
Co-Chair of the Steering Committee
Victor Halberstadt Marie-Josée Kravis
Websitebilderbergmeetings.org

Meetings were chaired by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands until 1976. The current Chairman is Henri de Castries.

Contents

The first conference was held at the Bilderberg Hotel (Hotel de Bilderberg) in Oosterbeek, Netherlands, from 29 to 31 May 1954. The hotel gave its name both to the group and to the "Bilderbergers" who participate in its activities. The hotel is situated in a quiet location, approximately 7km west of the city of Arnhem. It is owned and operated by the Bilderberg hotel chain, which runs 12 hotels and an event location in the Netherlands and one hotel in Germany. At the time of the 1954 conference, it was a medium-sized family-run hotel.

The conference was initiated by several people, including Polish politician-in-exile Józef Retinger who, concerned about the growth of anti-Americanism in Western Europe, proposed an international conference at which leaders from European countries and the United States would be brought together with the aim of promoting Atlanticism—better understanding between the cultures of the United States and Western Europe to foster cooperation on political, economic, and defense issues.

Retinger approached Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands who agreed to promote the idea, together with former Belgian prime minister Paul van Zeeland, and the then head of Unilever, Paul Rijkens. Bernhard in turn contacted Walter Bedell Smith, the then head of the CIA, who asked Eisenhower adviser Charles Douglas Jackson to deal with the suggestion. The guest list was to be drawn up by inviting two attendees from each nation, one of each to represent "conservative" and "liberal" points of view. Fifty delegates from 11 countries in Western Europe attended the first conference, along with 11 Americans.

The success of the meeting led the organizers to arrange an annual conference. A permanent steering committee was established with Retinger appointed as permanent secretary. As well as organizing the conference, the steering committee also maintained a register of attendee names and contact details with the aim of creating an informal network of individuals who could call upon one another in a private capacity. Conferences were held in France, Germany, and Denmark over the following three years. In 1957, the first U.S. conference was held on St. Simons Island, Georgia, with $30,000 from the Ford Foundation. The foundation also supplied funding for the 1959 and 1963 conferences.

The participants are between 120 and 150 people, including political leaders, experts from industry, finance, academia and the media. About two thirds of the participants come from Europe and the rest from North America; one third from politics and government and the rest from other fields. Historically, attendee lists have been weighted toward bankers, politicians, directors of large businesses and board members from large publicly traded corporations, including Wallenberg-owned conglomerate holding company Investor AB and other Wallenberg-owned multinationals such as Ericsson and ABB, IBM, Xerox, Royal Dutch Shell, Nokia and Daimler. Heads of state, including former King Juan Carlos I of Spain and former Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, have attended meetings. A source connected to the group told The Daily Telegraph in 2013 that other individuals, whose names are not publicly issued, sometimes turn up "just for the day" at the group's meetings.

The banker and industrialist Marcus Wallenberg Jr. was a member of the steering committee and attended the meeting twenty-two times from the 1950s to 1981, a year prior this his death. His grandson Marcus Wallenberg has attended it eight times and his other grandson, Jacob Wallenberg, seventeen times.

Further information: List of Bilderberg meetings

The group's original goal of promoting Atlanticism, of strengthening U.S.-European relations and preventing another world war has grown; according to Andrew Kakabadse, the Bilderberg Group's theme is to "bolster a consensus around free-market Western capitalism and its interests around the globe". In 2001, Denis Healey, a Bilderberg group founder and a steering committee member for 30 years, said, "To say we were striving for a one-world government is exaggerated, but not wholly unfair. Those of us in Bilderberg felt we couldn't go on forever fighting one another for nothing and killing people and rendering millions homeless. So we felt that a single community throughout the world would be a good thing."

According to the web page of the group, the meetings are conducted under the Chatham House Rule, allowing the participants to use any information they gained during the meeting, but not to disclose the names of the speakers or any other participants. According to former chairman Étienne Davignon in 2011, a major attraction of Bilderberg group meetings is that they provide an opportunity for participants to speak and debate candidly and to find out what major figures really think, without the risk of off-the-cuff comments becoming fodder for controversy in the media. A 2008 press release from the "American Friends of Bilderberg" stated that "Bilderberg's only activity is its annual Conference and that at the meetings, no resolutions were proposed, no votes taken, and no policy statements issued." However, in November 2009, the group hosted a dinner meeting at the Château of Val-Duchesse in Brussels outside its annual conference to promote the candidacy of Herman Van Rompuy for President of the European Council.

The Bilderberg meetings are also unofficially called the "Bilderberg Group", "Bilderberg conference" or "Bilderberg Club".

Meetings are organized by a steering committee with two members from each of approximately 18 nations. Official posts include a chairman and an Honorary Secretary General. The group's rules do not contain a membership category but former participants receive the annual conference reports. The only category that exists is "member of the steering committee". Besides the committee, there is a separate advisory group with overlapping membership.

Dutch economist Ernst van der Beugel became permanent secretary in 1960, upon Retinger's death. Prince Bernhard continued to serve as the meeting's chairman until 1976, the year of his involvement in the Lockheed affair. The position of Honorary American Secretary General has been held successively by Joseph E. Johnson of the Carnegie Endowment; William Bundy of Princeton University; Theodore L. Eliot Jr., former U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan; and Casimir A. Yost of Georgetown University's Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.

According to James A. Bill, the "steering committee usually met twice a year to plan programs and to discuss the participant list".

In 2002 in Them: Adventures with Extremists, author Jon Ronson wrote that the group has a small central office in Holland [sic] which each year decides what country will host the forthcoming meeting. The host country then has to book an entire hotel for four days, plus arrange catering, transport and security. To fund this, the host solicits donations from sympathetic corporations such as Barclays, Fiat Automobiles, GlaxoSmithKline, Heinz, Nokia and Xerox.

Chairmen of the Steering
Committee of the Bilderberg Meetings
Tenure as Chairman Country Office(s)
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
(1911–2004)
29 May 1954 – 29 September 1976
(22 years, 123 days)
Netherlands Prince consort of the Netherlands
(1948–1980)
Inspector general of the Armed forces of the Netherlands
(1970–1976)
Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Air Force
(1953–1970)
Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Navy
(1946–1970)
Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Army
(1945–1970)
Commander-in-chief of the Armed forces of the Netherlands
(1944–1945)
Alec Douglas-Home,
Baron Home of the Hirsel

(1903–1995)
22 April 1977 – 20 April 1980
(2 years, 364 days)
United Kingdom Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(1963–1964)
Leader of the Conservative Party
(1963–1965)
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
(1960–1963, 1970–1974)
Lord President of the Council
(1957, 1959–1960)
Leader of the House of Lords
(1957–1960)
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations
(1955–1960)
Member of the House of Lords
(1951–1963, 1974–1995)
Member of Parliament
(1931–1945, 1950–1951, 1963–1974)
Walter Scheel
(1919–2016)
15 May 1981 – 12 May 1985
(3 years, 362 days)
Germany President of Germany
(1974–1979)
(Acting) Chancellor of Germany
(1974)
Vice-Chancellor
(1969–1974)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
(1969–1974)
Leader of the Free Democratic Party
(1968–1974)
Minister of Economic Cooperation
(1961–1969)
Member of the European Parliament
(1956–1961)
Member of the Bundestag
(1953–1974)
Eric Roll, Baron Roll of Ipsden
(1907–2005)
25 April 1986 – 14 May 1989
(3 years, 19 days)
United Kingdom Member of the House of Lords
(1977–2005)
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
(1919–2018)
11 May 1990 – 17 May 1998
(8 years, 6 days)
United Kingdom Secretary General of NATO
(1984–1988)
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
(1979–1982)
Secretary of State for Energy
(1974)
Chairman of the Conservative Party
(1972–1974)
Secretary of State for Defence
(1970–1974)
Leader of the House of Lords
(1963–1964)
Minister without portfolio
(1963–1964)
First Lord of the Admiralty
(1959–1963)
High Commissioner to Australia
(1956–1959)
Member of the House of Lords
(1941–2018)
Étienne Davignon, Viscount Davignon
(born 1932)
3 June 1999 – 12 June 2011
(12 years, 9 days)
Belgium European Commissioner for Industrial Affairs and Energy
(1981–1985)
European Commissioner for Internal Market,
Customs Union and Industrial Affairs
(1977–1981)
Henri de Castries, 5th Count of Castries
(born 1954)
31 May 2012 – present
(9 years, 138 days)
France Chairman and CEO of AXA (2000–2016)

Partly because of its working methods to ensure strict privacy and secrecy, the Bilderberg Group has been criticised for its lack of transparency and accountability. The undisclosed nature of the proceedings has given rise to several conspiracy theories, which have been popular at both extremes of the political spectrum, although there is disagreement about the exact nature of the group's intentions. Some on the left accuse the Bilderberg group of conspiring to impose capitalist domination, while some on the right have accused the group of conspiring to impose a world government and planned economy.

In 2005, Davignon discussed accusations of the group striving for a one-world government with the BBC: "It is unavoidable and it doesn't matter. There will always be people who believe in conspiracies but things happen in a much more incoherent fashion. ... When people say this is a secret government of the world I say that if we were a secret government of the world we should be bloody ashamed of ourselves."

In a 1994 report, Right Woos Left, published by the Political Research Associates, investigative journalist Chip Berlet argued that right-wing populist conspiracy theories about the Bilderberg group date back to as early as 1964 and can be found in Phyllis Schlafly's self-published book A Choice, Not an Echo, which promoted a conspiracy theory in which the Republican Party was secretly controlled by elitist intellectuals dominated by members of the Bilderberg group, whose internationalist policies would pave the way for world communism.

In August 2010, former Cuban president Fidel Castro wrote an article for the Cuban Communist Party newspaper Granma in which he cited Daniel Estulin's 2006 book The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club, which, as quoted by Castro, describes "sinister cliques and the Bilderberg lobbyists" manipulating the public "to install a world government that knows no borders and is not accountable to anyone but its own self."

Proponents of Bilderberg conspiracy theories in the United States include individuals and groups such as the John Birch Society, political activist Phyllis Schlafly, writer Jim Tucker, political activist Lyndon LaRouche, conspiracy theorist Alex Jones, and politician Jesse Ventura, who made the Bilderberg group a topic of a 2009 episode of his TruTV series Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura. Non-American proponents include Lithuanian writer Daniel Estulin and British politician Nigel Farage.

Concerns about lobbying have arisen. Ian Richardson sees Bilderberg as the transnational power elite, "an integral, and to some extent critical, part of the existing system of global governance", that is "not acting in the interests of the whole". An article in The Guardian in June 2017 criticized the world view expressed in an agenda published by the Bilderberg group.

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  3. Gijswijt, Thomas, W., Informal Alliance: The Bilderberg Group and Transatlantic Relations during the Cold War, 1952–1968 (2018), Routledge. "The Hotel de Bilderberg was a medium-sized family-run hotel, chosen mainly for its quiet and remote location in the forests of the eastern Netherlands. It was not a particularly fancy hotel...but security was relatively easy to maintain since there was only one access road."
  4. Bilderberg hotels
  5. "About Bilderberg Meetings". Bilderberg Meetings the Official Website. Retrieved12 July 2018.
  6. Hatch, Alden (1962). "The Hôtel de Bilderberg". HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands: An authorized biography. London: Harrap. OCLC 2359663. The idea was to get two people from each country who would give the conservative and liberal slant
  7. "Japan–US Relations – Past, Present and Future". Daily Yomiuri. 8 December 1991. Rockefeller: The idea (of creating the Trilateral Commission) was incorporated in a speech that I made in the spring of 1972 for the benefit of some industrial forums that the Chase held in different cities around Europe, … Then Zbig (Zbig Brzezinski) and I both attended a meeting of the Bilderberg Group … and was shot down in flames. There was very little enthusiasm for the idea. I think they felt that they had a very congenial group, and they didn't want to have it interfered with by another element that would—I don't know what they thought, but in any case, they were not in favor.
  8. Aubourg, Valerie (June 2003). "Organizing Atlanticism: the Bilderberg Group and the Atlantic Institute 1952–63". Intelligence & National Security. 18 (2): 92–105. doi:10.1080/02684520412331306760. S2CID 153892953.
  9. Rockefeller, David (2002). Memoirs. New York: Random House. p. 412. ISBN 978-0679405887.
  10. Hatch, Alden (1962). "The Hôtel de Bilderberg". HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands: An authorized biography. London: Harrap. OCLC 2359663. anybody who has ever been to a Bilderberg Conference should be able to feel that he can, in a private capacity, call on any former member he has met
  11. Moorehead, Caroline (18 April 1977). "An exclusive club, perhaps without power, but certainly with influence: The Bilderberg group". The Times. London.
  12. "Bilderberg Meeting of 1997 Assembles" (Press release). PR Newswire. 13 June 1997. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011.
  13. Oliver, Mark (4 June 2004). "The Bilderberg group". The Guardian. London.
  14. "Bilderberg Group? No conspiracy, just the most influential group in the world". The Daily Telegraph (London). 6 June 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  15. Karl, Hellberg. "Bilderberggruppen och Wallenberg bakom selekteringen av svenskt regeringsstyre sedan 1950-talet". Newsvoice.
  16. Ronson, Jon (10 March 2001). "Who pulls the strings? (part 3)". The Guardian. London. Retrieved14 May 2009.
  17. "A special report on global leaders". The Economist. 22 January 2011. pp. 12–14.
  18. "Bilderberg Announces 2008 Conference". businesswire.com. BusinessWire. 2008. Retrieved7 June 2008.
  19. Waterfield, Bruno (16 November 2009). "EU Presidency candidate Herman Van Rompuy calls for new taxes". The Daily Telegraph. London. during a secret dinner to promote his candidacy hosted by the elite Bilderberg Group
  20. "Inside the secretive Bilderberg Group". BBC News. 29 September 2005. Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved5 August 2008.
  21. Introduction p. 3 in Bilderberg meetings, Schnews, 1999
  22. "Parliamentary questions: Answer given by Mr Prodi on behalf of the Commission". European Parliament. 15 May 2003.
  23. Entry for Conrad Black, The International Who's Who. Europa Publications. 2000.
  24. "Bilderberg: List of Invitees"(PDF). United States Department of Defense. 31 January 1996. Archived from the original(PDF) on 19 May 2006. Retrieved6 June 2009.
  25. Bill, James A. (August 1998). George Ball: Behind the Scenes in U.S. Foreign Policy. Yale University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0300076462.
  26. Ronson, Jon (2015) [First published 2002]. Them: Adventures with Extremists. London: Picador Classic. pp. 271–72. ISBN 978-1447275466.
  27. "Twenty-fifth Bilderberg meeting held in St joseph MO". Facts on File World News Digest. 14 May 1977.
  28. "Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1981".
  29. "Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1985".
  30. Who's Who. 1999.
  31. "Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1990".
  32. "Booklet of the 1999 annual conference". Schnews. Archived from the original on 2 March 2000.
  33. "Final List of Participants of the 2011 Bilderberg annual conference". Official website. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011.
  34. "Final List of Participants of the 2012 Bilderberg annual conference". Bilderberg Meetings. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013.
  35. "Confirmed: Secretive Bilderberg Meeting to be held in Switzerland from May 30th". www.thelocal.ch. 28 May 2019. Retrieved29 May 2019.
  36. Meacher, Michael; Skelton, Charlie (11 June 2013). "Bilderberg 2013: The sun sets on Watford". The Guardian. London. Retrieved11 June 2013.
  37. Gowen, Annie (2 June 2012). "Is Bilderberg a conference on world affairs or a powerful global cabal? Depends on who you ask". The Washington Post.
  38. Bill Hayton (29 September 2005). "Inside the secretive Bilderberg Group". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 February 2011. Retrieved19 March 2011.
  39. Weissert, Will (10 August 2010). "Fidel Castro fascinated by Bilderberg Club conspiracy theory". The Christian Science Monitor. Boston. Retrieved16 October 2010.
  40. Wallechinsky, David; Wallace, Irving (1975). "The Bilderberg Group Part 2". The People's Almanac. Doubleday. cited paragraphs. ISBN 978-0385040600.
  41. Phyllis Schlafly, A Choice Not an Echo: The Inside Story of How American Presidents Are Chosen (Pere Marquette Press, 1964) ISBN 0686114868
  42. Chip Berlet (1994). "The New Right & the Secular Humanism Conspiracy Theory".
  43. Daniel Estulin, Los secretos del club Bilderberg (Ediciones del Bronce, 2006).
  44. Berlet, Chip (2000). "John Birch Society". Retrieved6 October 2010.Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  45. Iain Hollingshead (4 June 2010). "The Bilderberg Group: fact and fantasy". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved20 June 2011.
  46. King, Dennis (1979). "NCLC'S Private Intelligence Agency". Our Town. New York. Retrieved14 May 2009.
  47. Dixon, Hayley (9 June 2013). "'Idiot' Bilderberg conspiracy theorist disrupts BBC politics show". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013.
  48. Taylor, Adam (9 June 2013). "Conspiracy Theorist Alex Jones Goes Berserk During BBC Show". Business Insider. Retrieved9 June 2013.
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  51. Walker, Peter. "Nigel Farage under fire over 'antisemitic tropes' on far-right US talkshow". Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved6 May 2019.
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  54. Ian Richardson (31 May 2012). "Chantilly Laced: Holding Bilderberg and the Transnational Policy Elite to Account". Huffington Post. Retrieved21 September 2015.
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Bilderberg meeting
bilderberg, meeting, language, watch, edit, redirected, from, bilderberg, group, also, known, bilderberg, group, annual, conference, established, 1954, foster, dialogue, between, europe, north, america, group, agenda, originally, prevent, another, world, defin. Bilderberg meeting Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Bilderberg Group The Bilderberg meeting also known as the Bilderberg Group is an annual conference established in 1954 to foster dialogue between Europe and North America The group s agenda originally to prevent another world war is now defined as bolstering a consensus around free market Western capitalism and its interests around the globe Participants include political leaders experts from industry finance academia and the media numbering between 120 and 150 Attendees are entitled to use information gained at meetings but not attribute it to a named speaker This is to encourage candid debate while maintaining privacy a provision that has fed conspiracy theories from both the left and right Bilderberg meetingBilderberg Hotel in the Netherlands eponymous location of the first conference in 1954 51 59 23 N 5 49 03 E 51 9898 N 5 8176 E 51 9898 5 8176Formation29 May 1954 67 years ago 1954 05 29 Membershipc 150 invitees smaller core groupCo Chair of the Steering CommitteeVictor Halberstadt Marie Josee KravisWebsitebilderbergmeetings wbr org Meetings were chaired by Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands until 1976 The current Chairman is Henri de Castries Contents 1 Origin 2 Participants 3 Meetings 4 Activities and goals 5 Organizational structure 6 Chairmen of the Steering Committee 7 Criticisms and conspiracy theories 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksOrigin EditMain article 1954 Bilderberg Conference The first conference was held at the Bilderberg Hotel Hotel de Bilderberg in Oosterbeek Netherlands from 29 to 31 May 1954 1 2 The hotel gave its name both to the group and to the Bilderbergers who participate in its activities The hotel is situated in a quiet location approximately 7km west of the city of Arnhem 3 It is owned and operated by the Bilderberg hotel chain which runs 12 hotels and an event location in the Netherlands and one hotel in Germany 4 At the time of the 1954 conference it was a medium sized family run hotel 3 The conference was initiated by several people including Polish politician in exile Jozef Retinger who concerned about the growth of anti Americanism in Western Europe proposed an international conference at which leaders from European countries and the United States would be brought together with the aim of promoting Atlanticism better understanding between the cultures of the United States and Western Europe to foster cooperation on political economic and defense issues 5 6 Retinger approached Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands 7 who agreed to promote the idea together with former Belgian prime minister Paul van Zeeland and the then head of Unilever Paul Rijkens Bernhard in turn contacted Walter Bedell Smith the then head of the CIA who asked Eisenhower adviser Charles Douglas Jackson to deal with the suggestion 8 The guest list was to be drawn up by inviting two attendees from each nation one of each to represent conservative and liberal points of view 6 Fifty delegates from 11 countries in Western Europe attended the first conference along with 11 Americans 9 The success of the meeting led the organizers to arrange an annual conference A permanent steering committee was established with Retinger appointed as permanent secretary As well as organizing the conference the steering committee also maintained a register of attendee names and contact details with the aim of creating an informal network of individuals who could call upon one another in a private capacity 10 Conferences were held in France Germany and Denmark over the following three years In 1957 the first U S conference was held on St Simons Island Georgia with 30 000 from the Ford Foundation The foundation also supplied funding for the 1959 and 1963 conferences 8 Participants EditMain article List of Bilderberg participants The participants are between 120 and 150 people including political leaders experts from industry finance academia and the media 5 About two thirds of the participants come from Europe and the rest from North America one third from politics and government and the rest from other fields 5 2 Historically attendee lists have been weighted toward bankers politicians directors of large businesses 11 and board members from large publicly traded corporations including Wallenberg owned conglomerate holding company Investor AB and other Wallenberg owned multinationals such as Ericsson and ABB IBM Xerox Royal Dutch Shell Nokia and Daimler 12 Heads of state including former King Juan Carlos I of Spain and former Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands have attended meetings 12 13 A source connected to the group told The Daily Telegraph in 2013 that other individuals whose names are not publicly issued sometimes turn up just for the day at the group s meetings 14 The banker and industrialist Marcus Wallenberg Jr was a member of the steering committee and attended the meeting twenty two times from the 1950s to 1981 a year prior this his death His grandson Marcus Wallenberg has attended it eight times and his other grandson Jacob Wallenberg seventeen times 15 Meetings EditFurther information List of Bilderberg meetingsActivities and goals EditThe group s original goal of promoting Atlanticism of strengthening U S European relations and preventing another world war has grown according to Andrew Kakabadse the Bilderberg Group s theme is to bolster a consensus around free market Western capitalism and its interests around the globe 2 In 2001 Denis Healey a Bilderberg group founder and a steering committee member for 30 years said To say we were striving for a one world government is exaggerated but not wholly unfair Those of us in Bilderberg felt we couldn t go on forever fighting one another for nothing and killing people and rendering millions homeless So we felt that a single community throughout the world would be a good thing 16 According to the web page of the group the meetings are conducted under the Chatham House Rule allowing the participants to use any information they gained during the meeting but not to disclose the names of the speakers or any other participants According to former chairman Etienne Davignon in 2011 a major attraction of Bilderberg group meetings is that they provide an opportunity for participants to speak and debate candidly and to find out what major figures really think without the risk of off the cuff comments becoming fodder for controversy in the media 17 A 2008 press release from the American Friends of Bilderberg stated that Bilderberg s only activity is its annual Conference and that at the meetings no resolutions were proposed no votes taken and no policy statements issued 18 However in November 2009 the group hosted a dinner meeting at the Chateau of Val Duchesse in Brussels outside its annual conference to promote the candidacy of Herman Van Rompuy for President of the European Council 19 The Bilderberg meetings are also unofficially called the Bilderberg Group Bilderberg conference or Bilderberg Club Organizational structure EditMeetings are organized by a steering committee with two members from each of approximately 18 nations 20 Official posts include a chairman and an Honorary Secretary General 12 The group s rules do not contain a membership category but former participants receive the annual conference reports 21 The only category that exists is member of the steering committee 22 Besides the committee there is a separate advisory group with overlapping membership 23 Dutch economist Ernst van der Beugel became permanent secretary in 1960 upon Retinger s death Prince Bernhard continued to serve as the meeting s chairman until 1976 the year of his involvement in the Lockheed affair The position of Honorary American Secretary General has been held successively by Joseph E Johnson of the Carnegie Endowment William Bundy of Princeton University Theodore L Eliot Jr former U S ambassador to Afghanistan and Casimir A Yost of Georgetown University s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy 24 According to James A Bill the steering committee usually met twice a year to plan programs and to discuss the participant list 25 In 2002 in Them Adventures with Extremists author Jon Ronson wrote that the group has a small central office in Holland sic which each year decides what country will host the forthcoming meeting The host country then has to book an entire hotel for four days plus arrange catering transport and security To fund this the host solicits donations from sympathetic corporations such as Barclays Fiat Automobiles GlaxoSmithKline Heinz Nokia and Xerox 26 Chairmen of the Steering Committee EditChairmen of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Meetings Tenure as Chairman Country Office s Prince Bernhard of Lippe Biesterfeld 1911 2004 29 May 1954 29 September 1976 22 years 123 days 27 Netherlands Prince consort of the Netherlands 1948 1980 Inspector general of the Armed forces of the Netherlands 1970 1976 Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Air Force 1953 1970 Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Navy 1946 1970 Inspector general of the Royal Netherlands Army 1945 1970 Commander in chief of the Armed forces of the Netherlands 1944 1945 Alec Douglas Home Baron Home of the Hirsel 1903 1995 22 April 1977 20 April 1980 2 years 364 days 27 United Kingdom Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1963 1964 Leader of the Conservative Party 1963 1965 Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1960 1963 1970 1974 Lord President of the Council 1957 1959 1960 Leader of the House of Lords 1957 1960 Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 1955 1960 Member of the House of Lords 1951 1963 1974 1995 Member of Parliament 1931 1945 1950 1951 1963 1974 Walter Scheel 1919 2016 15 May 1981 12 May 1985 3 years 362 days 28 29 Germany President of Germany 1974 1979 Acting Chancellor of Germany 1974 Vice Chancellor 1969 1974 Minister of Foreign Affairs 1969 1974 Leader of the Free Democratic Party 1968 1974 Minister of Economic Cooperation 1961 1969 Member of the European Parliament 1956 1961 Member of the Bundestag 1953 1974 Eric Roll Baron Roll of Ipsden 1907 2005 25 April 1986 14 May 1989 3 years 19 days 30 United Kingdom Member of the House of Lords 1977 2005 Peter Carington 6th Baron Carrington 1919 2018 11 May 1990 17 May 1998 8 years 6 days 9 31 United Kingdom Secretary General of NATO 1984 1988 Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1979 1982 Secretary of State for Energy 1974 Chairman of the Conservative Party 1972 1974 Secretary of State for Defence 1970 1974 Leader of the House of Lords 1963 1964 Minister without portfolio 1963 1964 First Lord of the Admiralty 1959 1963 High Commissioner to Australia 1956 1959 Member of the House of Lords 1941 2018 Etienne Davignon Viscount Davignon born 1932 3 June 1999 12 June 2011 12 years 9 days 20 32 33 Belgium European Commissioner for Industrial Affairs and Energy 1981 1985 European Commissioner for Internal Market Customs Union and Industrial Affairs 1977 1981 Henri de Castries 5th Count of Castries born 1954 31 May 2012 present 9 years 138 days 34 France Chairman and CEO of AXA 2000 2016 Criticisms and conspiracy theories EditPartly because of its working methods to ensure strict privacy and secrecy 35 the Bilderberg Group has been criticised for its lack of transparency and accountability 36 The undisclosed nature of the proceedings has given rise to several conspiracy theories 37 17 38 which have been popular at both extremes of the political spectrum although there is disagreement about the exact nature of the group s intentions Some on the left accuse the Bilderberg group of conspiring to impose capitalist domination 39 while some on the right have accused the group of conspiring to impose a world government and planned economy 40 In 2005 Davignon discussed accusations of the group striving for a one world government with the BBC It is unavoidable and it doesn t matter There will always be people who believe in conspiracies but things happen in a much more incoherent fashion When people say this is a secret government of the world I say that if we were a secret government of the world we should be bloody ashamed of ourselves 38 In a 1994 report Right Woos Left published by the Political Research Associates investigative journalist Chip Berlet argued that right wing populist conspiracy theories about the Bilderberg group date back to as early as 1964 and can be found in Phyllis Schlafly s self published book A Choice Not an Echo 41 which promoted a conspiracy theory in which the Republican Party was secretly controlled by elitist intellectuals dominated by members of the Bilderberg group whose internationalist policies would pave the way for world communism 42 In August 2010 former Cuban president Fidel Castro wrote an article for the Cuban Communist Party newspaper Granma in which he cited Daniel Estulin s 2006 book The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club 43 which as quoted by Castro describes sinister cliques and the Bilderberg lobbyists manipulating the public to install a world government that knows no borders and is not accountable to anyone but its own self 39 Proponents of Bilderberg conspiracy theories in the United States include individuals and groups such as the John Birch Society 40 44 political activist Phyllis Schlafly 44 writer Jim Tucker 45 political activist Lyndon LaRouche 46 conspiracy theorist Alex Jones 2 47 48 and politician Jesse Ventura who made the Bilderberg group a topic of a 2009 episode of his TruTV series Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura 49 Non American proponents include Lithuanian writer Daniel Estulin 50 and British politician Nigel Farage 51 Concerns about lobbying have arisen 52 53 Ian Richardson sees Bilderberg as the transnational power elite an integral and to some extent critical part of the existing system of global governance that is not acting in the interests of the whole 54 An article in The Guardian in June 2017 criticized the world view expressed in an agenda published by the Bilderberg group 55 See also EditBohemian Club Chatham House The Royal Institute of International Affairs Council on Foreign Relations Le Cercle List of Bilderberg participants Transnational capitalist class Trilateral Commission Valdai Discussion Club World Economic ForumReferences Edit Atlas Obscura Hotel de Bilderberg a b c d Bilderberg mystery Why do people believe in cabals BBC News 7 June 2011 Archived from the original on 10 June 2011 Retrieved 14 June 2011 a b Gijswijt Thomas W Informal Alliance The Bilderberg Group and Transatlantic Relations during the Cold War 1952 1968 2018 Routledge The Hotel de Bilderberg was a medium sized family run hotel chosen mainly for its quiet and remote location in the forests of the eastern Netherlands It was not a particularly fancy hotel but security was relatively easy to maintain since there was only one access road Bilderberg hotels a b c About Bilderberg Meetings Bilderberg Meetings the Official Website Retrieved 12 July 2018 a b Hatch Alden 1962 The Hotel de Bilderberg HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands An authorized biography London Harrap OCLC 2359663 The idea was to get two people from each country who would give the conservative and liberal slant Japan US Relations Past Present and Future Daily Yomiuri 8 December 1991 Rockefeller The idea of creating the Trilateral Commission was incorporated in a speech that I made in the spring of 1972 for the benefit of some industrial forums that the Chase held in different cities around Europe Then Zbig Zbig Brzezinski and I both attended a meeting of the Bilderberg Group and was shot down in flames There was very little enthusiasm for the idea I think they felt that they had a very congenial group and they didn t want to have it interfered with by another element that would I don t know what they thought but in any case they were not in favor a b Aubourg Valerie June 2003 Organizing Atlanticism the Bilderberg Group and the Atlantic Institute 1952 63 Intelligence amp National Security 18 2 92 105 doi 10 1080 02684520412331306760 S2CID 153892953 a b Rockefeller David 2002 Memoirs New York Random House p 412 ISBN 978 0679405887 Hatch Alden 1962 The Hotel de Bilderberg HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands An authorized biography London Harrap OCLC 2359663 anybody who has ever been to a Bilderberg Conference should be able to feel that he can in a private capacity call on any former member he has met Moorehead Caroline 18 April 1977 An exclusive club perhaps without power but certainly with influence The Bilderberg group The Times London a b c Bilderberg Meeting of 1997 Assembles Press release PR Newswire 13 June 1997 Archived from the original on 30 April 2011 Oliver Mark 4 June 2004 The Bilderberg group The Guardian London Bilderberg Group No conspiracy just the most influential group in the world The Daily Telegraph London 6 June 2013 Retrieved 6 June 2013 Karl Hellberg Bilderberggruppen och Wallenberg bakom selekteringen av svenskt regeringsstyre sedan 1950 talet Newsvoice Ronson Jon 10 March 2001 Who pulls the strings part 3 The Guardian London Retrieved 14 May 2009 a b A special report on global leaders The Economist 22 January 2011 pp 12 14 Bilderberg Announces 2008 Conference businesswire com BusinessWire 2008 Retrieved 7 June 2008 Waterfield Bruno 16 November 2009 EU Presidency candidate Herman Van Rompuy calls for new taxes The Daily Telegraph London during a secret dinner to promote his candidacy hosted by the elite Bilderberg Group a b Inside the secretive Bilderberg Group BBC News 29 September 2005 Archived from the original on 29 December 2008 Retrieved 5 August 2008 Introduction p 3 in Bilderberg meetings Schnews 1999 Parliamentary questions Answer given by Mr Prodi on behalf of the Commission European Parliament 15 May 2003 Entry for Conrad Black The International Who s Who Europa Publications 2000 Bilderberg List of Invitees PDF United States Department of Defense 31 January 1996 Archived from the original PDF on 19 May 2006 Retrieved 6 June 2009 Bill James A August 1998 George Ball Behind the Scenes in U S Foreign Policy Yale University Press p 53 ISBN 978 0300076462 Ronson Jon 2015 First published 2002 Them Adventures with Extremists London Picador Classic pp 271 72 ISBN 978 1447275466 a b Twenty fifth Bilderberg meeting held in St joseph MO Facts on File World News Digest 14 May 1977 Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1981 Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1985 Who s Who 1999 Bilderberg Meetings Conference Report 1990 Booklet of the 1999 annual conference Schnews Archived from the original on 2 March 2000 Final List of Participants of the 2011 Bilderberg annual conference Official website Archived from the original on 28 August 2011 Final List of Participants of the 2012 Bilderberg annual conference Bilderberg Meetings Archived from the original on 26 July 2013 Confirmed Secretive Bilderberg Meeting to be held in Switzerland from May 30th www thelocal ch 28 May 2019 Retrieved 29 May 2019 Meacher Michael Skelton Charlie 11 June 2013 Bilderberg 2013 The sun sets on Watford The Guardian London Retrieved 11 June 2013 Gowen Annie 2 June 2012 Is Bilderberg a conference on world affairs or a powerful global cabal Depends on who you ask The Washington Post a b Bill Hayton 29 September 2005 Inside the secretive Bilderberg Group BBC News Archived from the original on 8 February 2011 Retrieved 19 March 2011 a b Weissert Will 10 August 2010 Fidel Castro fascinated by Bilderberg Club conspiracy theory The Christian Science Monitor Boston Retrieved 16 October 2010 a b Wallechinsky David Wallace Irving 1975 The Bilderberg Group Part 2 The People s Almanac Doubleday cited paragraphs ISBN 978 0385040600 Phyllis Schlafly A Choice Not an Echo The Inside Story of How American Presidents Are Chosen Pere Marquette Press 1964 ISBN 0686114868 Chip Berlet 1994 The New Right amp the Secular Humanism Conspiracy Theory Daniel Estulin Los secretos del club Bilderberg Ediciones del Bronce 2006 a b Berlet Chip 2000 John Birch Society Retrieved 6 October 2010 Cite journal requires journal help Iain Hollingshead 4 June 2010 The Bilderberg Group fact and fantasy The Daily Telegraph London Retrieved 20 June 2011 King Dennis 1979 NCLC S Private Intelligence Agency Our Town New York Retrieved 14 May 2009 Dixon Hayley 9 June 2013 Idiot Bilderberg conspiracy theorist disrupts BBC politics show The Daily Telegraph London Archived from the original on 16 June 2013 Taylor Adam 9 June 2013 Conspiracy Theorist Alex Jones Goes Berserk During BBC Show Business Insider Retrieved 9 June 2013 List of Season 1 episodes for Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura truTV 30 December 2009 Archived from the original on 8 October 2010 Retrieved 11 January 2011 Bruce Ramsey 30 July 2009 That Bilderberg Book The Seattle Times Retrieved 23 January 2011 Walker Peter Nigel Farage under fire over antisemitic tropes on far right US talkshow Guardian News amp Media Limited Retrieved 6 May 2019 Bilderberg Conference Watford Too Secret Sky News 6 June 2013 Retrieved 11 June 2013 My brush with Bilderberg New Statesman 10 June 2013 Archived from the original on 15 June 2013 Retrieved 11 June 2013 Ian Richardson 31 May 2012 Chantilly Laced Holding Bilderberg and the Transnational Policy Elite to Account Huffington Post Retrieved 21 September 2015 Skelton Charlie 2 June 2017 Bilderberg the world s most secretive conference is as out of touch as ever The Guardian Retrieved 18 April 2018 Further reading EditRonson Jon 2001 Them Adventures with Extremists London Picador ISBN 978 0330375467 Eringer Robert 1980 The Global Manipulators Bristol England Pentacle Books OCLC 26551991 Estulin Daniel 2007 The True Story of the Bilderberg Group Oregon Trine Day ISBN 978 0977795345 Gijswijt Thomas W 2019 Informal Alliance The Bilderberg Group And Transatlantic Relations During The Cold War 1952 1968 London Routledgey ISBN 978 0815396741 Hodapp Christopher Alice Von Kannon 2008 Conspiracy Theories amp Secret Societies For Dummies Hoboken NJ Wiley ISBN 978 0470184080 Richardson Ian N Andrew P Kakabadse Nada K Kakabadse 2011 Bilderberg People Elite power and consensus in world affairs Hoboken NJ Routledge ISBN 978 0415576352 Klimczuk Stephen Gerald Warner 2010 Secret Places Hidden Sanctuaries Uncovering Mysterious Sites Symbols and Societies Sterling ISBN 978 1402762079 Retinger J H August 1956 The bilderberg group A short essay on the origins of the groupExternal links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Bilderberg Group Wikiquote has quotations related to Bilderberg meetingOfficial website of the Bilderberg conference since 2010 Hotel Website English Version Bilderberg The Ultimate Conspiracy Theory Ex BBC journalist Tony Gosling published history on Josef Retinger Prince Bernhard and Bilderberg group origins Dunning Brian 28 September 2010 Skeptoid 225 Beware the Bilderberg Group Skeptoid Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Bilderberg meeting amp oldid 1043833270, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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