fbpx
Wikipedia

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) is a nonpartisan international affairs think tank with centers in Washington D.C., Moscow, Beirut, Beijing, Brussels, and New Delhi. Founded in 1910 by Andrew Carnegie, the organization describes itself as being dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
The Endowment's headquarters in Washington, D.C.
AbbreviationCEIP
Formation14 December 1910; 110 years ago (1910-12-14)
FounderAndrew Carnegie
TypeFoundation
Legal statusNonprofit organization
PurposeTo advance peace through analysis and development of new policy ideas
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., United States
Location
Region
Global
MethodsPublications, seminars, podcasts, blogs
FieldsInternational relations, Peace and conflict studies
President
Thomas Carothers (interim)
Chair of the Board of Trustees
Penny Pritzker
Revenue(2017)
$46,092,942
Expenses (2017)$36,420,139
Websitewww.carnegieendowment.org

In the University of Pennsylvania's "2019 Global Go To Think Tanks Report", Carnegie was ranked the #1 top think tank in the world. In the 2015 Global Go To Think Tanks Report, Carnegie was ranked the third most influential think tank in the world, after the Brookings Institution and Chatham House. It was ranked as the top Independent Think Tank in 2018.

Its headquarters building, prominently located on the Embassy Row section of Massachusetts Avenue, was completed in 1989 on a design by architecture firm Smith, Hinchman & Grylls. It also hosts the embassy of Papua New Guinea in the U.S.

The chairperson of Carnegie's board of trustees is former U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, and the organization's interim president is president is Thomas Carothers, who replaced former Endowment president and U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns after Burns' nomination and confirmation as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

Contents

Establishment

Industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1913.

Andrew Carnegie, like other leading internationalists of his day, believed that war could be eliminated by stronger international laws and organizations. "I am drawn more to this cause than to any," he wrote in 1907. Carnegie's single largest commitment in this field was his creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

On his seventy-fifth birthday, November 25, 1910, Andrew Carnegie announced the establishment of the Endowment with a gift of $10 million worth of first mortgage bonds, paying a 5% rate of interest. The interest income generated from these bonds was to be used to fund a new think tank dedicated to advancing the cause of world peace. In his deed of gift, presented in Washington on December 14, 1910, Carnegie charged trustees to use the fund to "hasten the abolition of international war, the foulest blot upon our civilization", and he gave his trustees "the widest discretion as to the measures and policy they shall from time to time adopt" in carrying out the purpose of the fund.

Carnegie chose longtime adviser Elihu Root, senator from New York and former Secretary of War and of State, to be the Endowment's first president. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912, Root served until 1925. Founder trustees included Harvard University president Charles William Eliot, philanthropist Robert S. Brookings, former U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain Joseph Hodges Choate, former secretary of state John W. Foster, and Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching president Henry Smith Pritchett.

The first fifty years: 1910–1960

Peter Parker House at 700 Jackson Pl., NW, Washington, D.C., housed CEIP 1910–1947, when it relocated to New York City

At the outset of America's involvement in World War I in 1917, the Carnegie Endowment trustees unanimously declared, "the most effective means of promoting durable international peace is to prosecute the war against the Imperial Government of Germany to final victory for democracy." In December 1918, Carnegie Endowment Secretary James Brown Scott and four other Endowment personnel, including James T. Shotwell, sailed with President Woodrow Wilson on the USS George Washington to join the peace talks in France.

Carnegie is often remembered for having built Carnegie libraries, which were a major recipient of his largesse. The libraries were usually funded not by the Endowment but by other Carnegie trusts, operating mainly in the English-speaking world. However, after World War I the Endowment built libraries in Belgium, France and Serbia in three cities which had been badly damaged in the war. In addition, in 1918, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) began to support a library special collection called the International Mind Alcove program which aimed to foster a more global perspective among the public in the United States and other countries. The Endowment concluded its support for this program in 1958.

On July 14, 1923, the Hague Academy of International Law, an initiative of the Endowment, was formally opened in the Peace Palace at The Hague. The Peace Palace had been built by the Carnegie Foundation (Netherlands) in 1913 to house the Permanent Court of Arbitration and a library of international law.

In 1925, Nicholas Murray Butler succeeded Elihu Root as president of the Endowment. For his work, including his involvement with the Kellogg–Briand Pact, Butler was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.

In November 1944, the Carnegie Endowment published Raphael Lemkin's Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation—Analysis of Government—Proposals for Redress. The work was the first to bring the word genocide into the global lexicon. In April 1945, James T. Shotwell, director of the Carnegie Endowment's Division of Economics and History, served as chairman of the semiofficial consultants to the U.S. delegation at the San Francisco conference to draw up the United Nations Charter. As chairman, Shotwell pushed for an amendment to establish a permanent United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which exists to this day.

In December 1945, Butler stepped down after twenty years as president and chairman of the board of trustees. Butler was the last living member of the original board selected by Andrew Carnegie in 1910. John Foster Dulles was elected to succeed Butler as chairman of the board of trustees, where he served until fellow board member Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president of the U.S. in 1952 and appointed Dulles Secretary of State.

In 1946, Alger Hiss succeeded Butler as president of the Endowment but resigned in 1949 after being denounced as a communist and a spy by Whittaker Chambers and on December 15, 1948, indicted by the United States Department of Justice on two counts of perjury. Hiss was replaced in the interim by James T. Shotwell.

In 1947, the Carnegie Endowment's headquarters were moved closer to the United Nations in New York City, while the Washington office at Peter Parker House (700 Jackson Pl., NW) became a subsidiary branch.

In 1949, the Washington branch was shuttered.

In 1950, the Endowment board of trustees appointed Joseph E. Johnson, a historian and former State Department official, to take the helm.

The Cold War years: 1960–1990

In 1963, the Carnegie Endowment reconstituted its International Law Program in order to address several emerging international issues: the increase in significance and impact of international organizations; the technological revolution that facilitated the production of new military weaponry; the spread of Communism; the surge in newly independent states; and the challenges of new forms of economic activity, including global corporations and intergovernmental associations. The program resulted in the New York-based Study Group on the United Nations and the International Organization Study Group at the European Centre in Geneva. In 1970, Thomas L. Hughes became the sixth president of the Carnegie Endowment. Hughes moved the Endowment's headquarters from New York to Washington, D.C., and closed the Endowment's European Centre in Geneva.

The Carnegie Endowment acquired full ownership of Foreign Policy magazine in the spring of 1978. The Endowment published Foreign Policy for 30 years, moving it from a quarterly academic journal to a bi-monthly glossy covering the nexus of globalization and international policy. The magazine was sold to The Washington Post in 2008.

In 1981, Carnegie Endowment Associate Fred Bergsten co-founded the Institute for International Economics—today known as the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

Citing the growing danger of a nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan, Thomas L. Hughes formed an eighteen-member Task Force on Non-Proliferation and South Asian Security to propose methods for reducing the growing nuclear tensions on the subcontinent. In 1989, two former Carnegie associates, Barry Blechman and Michael Krepon, founded the Henry L. Stimson Center.

After the Cold War: 1990–2000

In 1991, Morton Abramowitz was named the seventh president of the Endowment. Abramowitz, previously a State Department official, focused the Endowment's attention on Russia in the post-Soviet era. In this spirit, the Carnegie Endowment opened the Carnegie Moscow Center in 1994 as a home of Russian scholar-commentators.

Jessica Mathews joined the Carnegie Endowment as its eighth president in May 1997. Under her leadership, Carnegie's goal was to become the first multinational/global think tank.

In 2000, Jessica Mathews announced the creation of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) headed by Demetrios Papademetriou which became the first stand-alone think tank concerned with international migration.

The Global Think Tank: 2000–present

As first laid out with the Global Vision in 2007, the Carnegie Endowment aspired to be the first global think tank. Jessica Mathews said that her aim was to make Carnegie the place that brings what the world thinks into thinking about U.S. policy and to communicate that thinking to a global audience. During Mathews' tenure as president, the Carnegie Endowment launched the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut (2006), Carnegie Europe in Brussels (2007), and the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center at the Tsinghua University in Beijing (2010). Additionally, in partnership with the al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Carnegie established the Al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia in Kazakhstan in late 2011.

In February 2015, Jessica T. Mathews stepped down as president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace after 18 years. William J. Burns, former U.S. deputy secretary of state, became Carnegie's ninth president.

In April 2016, the sixth international Center, Carnegie India, opened in New Delhi.

Officers

Presidents

Chairpersons

Board of Trustees

Carnegie Endowment Headquarters in Washington, DC

The Carnegie Endowment office in Washington, D.C., is home to nine programs: the Asia program; Democracy, Conflict, and Governance program; Europe program; Geoeconomics and Strategy program; Middle East program; Nuclear Policy program; Russia and Eurasia program; South Asia program; and Technology and International Affairs program.

Thomas Carothers, is the current interim president of the Carnegie Endowment.

Carnegie Moscow Center

In 1993, the Endowment launched the Carnegie Moscow Center, with the belief that "in today's world a think tank whose mission is to contribute to global security, stability, and prosperity requires a permanent presence and a multinational outlook at the core of its operations."

The center's stated goals are to embody and promote the concepts of disinterested social science research and the dissemination of its results in post-Soviet Russia and Eurasia; to provide a free and open forum for the discussion and debate of critical national, regional and global issues; and to further cooperation and strengthen relations between Russia and the United States by explaining the interests, objectives and policies of each. From 2006 until December 2008, the center was led by current United States Assistant Secretary of State for Verification, Compliance, and Implementation Rose Gottemoeller. The center is currently headed by Dmitri Trenin, its first Russian director.

Carnegie Middle East Center

The Carnegie Middle East Center was established in Beirut, Lebanon in November 2006. The center aims to better inform the process of political change in the Arab Middle East and deepen understanding of the complex economic and security issues that affect it. As of 2016[update], the current director of the center is Maha Yahya.

Carnegie Europe

Founded in 2007 by Fabrice Pothier, Carnegie Europe is the European centre of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From its newly expanded presence in Brussels, Carnegie Europe combines the work of its research platform with the fresh perspectives of Carnegie's centres in Washington, Moscow, Beijing, and Beirut, bringing a unique global vision to the European policy community. Through publications, articles, seminars, and private consultations, Carnegie Europe aims to foster new thinking on the daunting international challenges shaping Europe's role in the world.

Carnegie Europe is currently directed by Rosa Balfour.

Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy

The Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy was established at Tsinghua University in Beijing in 2010. The center's focuses include China's foreign relations; international economics and trade; climate change and energy; nonproliferation and arms control; and other global and regional security issues such as North Korea, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran.

The current director of the center is Paul Haenle.

Carnegie India

In April 2016, Carnegie India opened in New Delhi, India. The center's focuses include the political economy of reform in India, foreign and security policy, and the role of innovation and technology in India's internal transformation and international relations. The current director of the center is Rudra Chaudhuri.

Wikisource has original works on the topic: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Divisions

  1. "About the Global Think Tank". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. n.d. Retrieved2016-04-04.
  2. "2018 Annual Report"(PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 2019. Retrieved11 April 2019.
  3. https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=think_tanks
  4. McGann, James G. (2 September 2016). "2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved20 November 2018.
  5. McGann, James (2019-01-01). "2018 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report". TTCSP Global Go to Think Tank Index Reports.
  6. "Board of Trustees". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2018-10-11.
  7. "Thomas Carothers". carnegieendowment.org. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. RetrievedJune 11, 2021.
  8. "About". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2018-10-11.
  9. "Biden Names Career Diplomat William J. Burns As Nominee For CIA Director". Huffington Post.
  10. "About CIA - Director of the CIA". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on April 1, 2021. RetrievedApril 6, 2021.
  11. "Endowment History". Archived from the original on 2009-10-13. Retrieved2017-02-05.
  12. James Langland (ed.), "Carnegie Endowment for International Peace," The Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year-Book for 1926. Chicago: Chicago Daily News Company, 1925; pg. 591.
  13. Osmańczyk, Edmund Jan (2003). Encyclopedia of the United Nations and international agreements. New York: Routledge. OCLC 50164558.
  14. "A Timeline of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  15. "Bibliotheque Carnegie". RetrievedAugust 2, 2012.
  16. Witt, Steven W. (November 2014). "International Mind Alcoves: The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Libraries, and the Struggle for Global Public Opinion". Library & Information History. 30 (4): 273–290. doi:10.1179/1758348914Z.00000000068 – via JSTOR.
  17. "Carnegie Endowment of International Peace Records". www.library.columbia.edu.
  18. "Nobel Peace Prize 1931". Nobel Prize. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  19. "About Raphael Lemkin". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2012-02-29. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  20. "James T. Shotwell: A Life Devoted to Organizing Peace". Columbia University. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  21. "100 Years of Impact"(PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  22. "About the Carnegie Moscow Center". Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  23. "About the Carnegie Endowment". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Archived from the original on 2012-01-30. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  24. "A New Vision for the Carnegie Endowment". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  25. "Celebrating the Presidency of Jessica T. Mathews". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2017-02-05.
  26. "William J. Burns Begins as President of Carnegie Endowment". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 2015-02-04. Retrieved2017-02-05.
  27. "About Carnegie India". Retrieved2017-02-05.
  28. "Board of Trustees". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved28 November 2018.
  29. "Programs". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  30. >"The Global Think Tank". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved20 November 2018.
  31. "Maha Yahya Bio". Carnegie Middle East Center. Retrieved2016-04-04.
  32. "About Carnegie Europe". Carnegie Europe. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  33. Balfour, Rosa (2020-04-01). "New Carnegie Europe Director Spotlight: Rosa Balfour". Carnegie Europe.
  34. "About the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center". Carnegie-Tsinghua Center. Retrieved2012-03-06.
  • Patterson, David S. "Andrew Carnegie's quest for world peace." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 114.5 (1970): 371–383. Online.

Coordinates:38°54′33″N77°02′28″W /38.909273°N 77.041043°W /38.909273; -77.041043

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
carnegie, endowment, international, peace, language, watch, edit, ceip, nonpartisan, international, affairs, think, tank, with, centers, washington, moscow, beirut, beijing, brussels, delhi, founded, 1910, andrew, carnegie, organization, describes, itself, bei. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Language Watch Edit The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace CEIP is a nonpartisan international affairs think tank with centers in Washington D C Moscow Beirut Beijing Brussels and New Delhi 1 Founded in 1910 by Andrew Carnegie the organization describes itself as being dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceThe Endowment s headquarters in Washington D C AbbreviationCEIPFormation14 December 1910 110 years ago 1910 12 14 FounderAndrew CarnegieTypeFoundationLegal statusNonprofit organizationPurposeTo advance peace through analysis and development of new policy ideas 1 HeadquartersWashington D C United StatesLocationWashington D C Moscow Beirut Brussels Beijing and New DelhiRegionGlobalMethodsPublications seminars podcasts blogsFieldsInternational relations Peace and conflict studiesPresidentThomas Carothers interim Chair of the Board of TrusteesPenny PritzkerRevenue 2017 46 092 942 2 Expenses 2017 36 420 139 2 Websitewww carnegieendowment org In the University of Pennsylvania s 2019 Global Go To Think Tanks Report Carnegie was ranked the 1 top think tank in the world 3 In the 2015 Global Go To Think Tanks Report Carnegie was ranked the third most influential think tank in the world after the Brookings Institution and Chatham House 4 It was ranked as the top Independent Think Tank in 2018 5 Its headquarters building prominently located on the Embassy Row section of Massachusetts Avenue was completed in 1989 on a design by architecture firm Smith Hinchman amp Grylls It also hosts the embassy of Papua New Guinea in the U S The chairperson of Carnegie s board of trustees is former U S Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker 6 and the organization s interim president is president is Thomas Carothers 7 who replaced former Endowment president and U S Deputy Secretary of State William J Burns 8 after Burns nomination 9 and confirmation as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 10 Contents 1 Organizational history 1 1 Establishment 1 2 The first fifty years 1910 1960 1 3 The Cold War years 1960 1990 1 4 After the Cold War 1990 2000 1 5 The Global Think Tank 2000 present 1 6 Officers 1 7 Board of Trustees 2 Carnegie Global Centers 2 1 Carnegie Endowment Headquarters in Washington DC 2 2 Carnegie Moscow Center 2 3 Carnegie Middle East Center 2 4 Carnegie Europe 2 5 Carnegie Tsinghua Center for Global Policy 2 6 Carnegie India 3 See also 3 1 Divisions 4 References 5 Sources 6 External linksOrganizational history EditEstablishment Edit Industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1913 Andrew Carnegie like other leading internationalists of his day believed that war could be eliminated by stronger international laws and organizations I am drawn more to this cause than to any he wrote in 1907 Carnegie s single largest commitment in this field was his creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 11 On his seventy fifth birthday November 25 1910 Andrew Carnegie announced the establishment of the Endowment with a gift of 10 million worth of first mortgage bonds paying a 5 rate of interest 12 The interest income generated from these bonds was to be used to fund a new think tank dedicated to advancing the cause of world peace In his deed of gift presented in Washington on December 14 1910 Carnegie charged trustees to use the fund to hasten the abolition of international war the foulest blot upon our civilization and he gave his trustees the widest discretion as to the measures and policy they shall from time to time adopt in carrying out the purpose of the fund 13 Carnegie chose longtime adviser Elihu Root senator from New York and former Secretary of War and of State to be the Endowment s first president Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912 Root served until 1925 Founder trustees included Harvard University president Charles William Eliot philanthropist Robert S Brookings former U S Ambassador to Great Britain Joseph Hodges Choate former secretary of state John W Foster and Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching president Henry Smith Pritchett 11 The first fifty years 1910 1960 Edit Peter Parker House at 700 Jackson Pl NW Washington D C housed CEIP 1910 1947 when it relocated to New York City At the outset of America s involvement in World War I in 1917 the Carnegie Endowment trustees unanimously declared the most effective means of promoting durable international peace is to prosecute the war against the Imperial Government of Germany to final victory for democracy 14 In December 1918 Carnegie Endowment Secretary James Brown Scott and four other Endowment personnel including James T Shotwell sailed with President Woodrow Wilson on the USS George Washington to join the peace talks in France Carnegie is often remembered for having built Carnegie libraries which were a major recipient of his largesse The libraries were usually funded not by the Endowment but by other Carnegie trusts operating mainly in the English speaking world However after World War I the Endowment built libraries in Belgium France 15 and Serbia in three cities which had been badly damaged in the war In addition in 1918 the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace CEIP began to support a library special collection called the International Mind Alcove program which aimed to foster a more global perspective among the public in the United States and other countries 16 The Endowment concluded its support for this program in 1958 16 On July 14 1923 the Hague Academy of International Law an initiative of the Endowment was formally opened in the Peace Palace at The Hague The Peace Palace had been built by the Carnegie Foundation Netherlands in 1913 to house the Permanent Court of Arbitration and a library of international law In 1925 Nicholas Murray Butler succeeded Elihu Root as president of the Endowment 17 For his work including his involvement with the Kellogg Briand Pact Butler was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 18 In November 1944 the Carnegie Endowment published Raphael Lemkin s Axis Rule in Occupied Europe Laws of Occupation Analysis of Government Proposals for Redress The work was the first to bring the word genocide into the global lexicon 19 In April 1945 James T Shotwell director of the Carnegie Endowment s Division of Economics and History served as chairman of the semiofficial consultants to the U S delegation at the San Francisco conference to draw up the United Nations Charter 20 As chairman Shotwell pushed for an amendment to establish a permanent United Nations Commission on Human Rights which exists to this day In December 1945 Butler stepped down after twenty years as president and chairman of the board of trustees Butler was the last living member of the original board selected by Andrew Carnegie in 1910 21 John Foster Dulles was elected to succeed Butler as chairman of the board of trustees where he served until fellow board member Dwight D Eisenhower was elected president of the U S in 1952 and appointed Dulles Secretary of State 21 In 1946 Alger Hiss succeeded Butler as president of the Endowment but resigned in 1949 after being denounced as a communist and a spy by Whittaker Chambers and on December 15 1948 indicted by the United States Department of Justice on two counts of perjury Hiss was replaced in the interim by James T Shotwell In 1947 the Carnegie Endowment s headquarters were moved closer to the United Nations in New York City while the Washington office at Peter Parker House 700 Jackson Pl NW became a subsidiary branch 14 In 1949 the Washington branch was shuttered 14 In 1950 the Endowment board of trustees appointed Joseph E Johnson a historian and former State Department official to take the helm The Cold War years 1960 1990 Edit In 1963 the Carnegie Endowment reconstituted its International Law Program in order to address several emerging international issues the increase in significance and impact of international organizations the technological revolution that facilitated the production of new military weaponry the spread of Communism the surge in newly independent states and the challenges of new forms of economic activity including global corporations and intergovernmental associations The program resulted in the New York based Study Group on the United Nations and the International Organization Study Group at the European Centre in Geneva 14 In 1970 Thomas L Hughes became the sixth president of the Carnegie Endowment Hughes moved the Endowment s headquarters from New York to Washington D C and closed the Endowment s European Centre in Geneva The Carnegie Endowment acquired full ownership of Foreign Policy magazine in the spring of 1978 The Endowment published Foreign Policy for 30 years moving it from a quarterly academic journal to a bi monthly glossy covering the nexus of globalization and international policy The magazine was sold to The Washington Post in 2008 In 1981 Carnegie Endowment Associate Fred Bergsten co founded the Institute for International Economics today known as the Peterson Institute for International Economics Citing the growing danger of a nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan Thomas L Hughes formed an eighteen member Task Force on Non Proliferation and South Asian Security to propose methods for reducing the growing nuclear tensions on the subcontinent 14 In 1989 two former Carnegie associates Barry Blechman and Michael Krepon founded the Henry L Stimson Center After the Cold War 1990 2000 Edit In 1991 Morton Abramowitz was named the seventh president of the Endowment Abramowitz previously a State Department official focused the Endowment s attention on Russia in the post Soviet era 14 In this spirit the Carnegie Endowment opened the Carnegie Moscow Center in 1994 as a home of Russian scholar commentators 22 Jessica Mathews joined the Carnegie Endowment as its eighth president in May 1997 Under her leadership Carnegie s goal was to become the first multinational global think tank 23 In 2000 Jessica Mathews announced the creation of the Migration Policy Institute MPI headed by Demetrios Papademetriou which became the first stand alone think tank concerned with international migration 14 The Global Think Tank 2000 present Edit As first laid out with the Global Vision in 2007 the Carnegie Endowment aspired to be the first global think tank 24 Jessica Mathews said that her aim was to make Carnegie the place that brings what the world thinks into thinking about U S policy and to communicate that thinking to a global audience 21 During Mathews tenure as president the Carnegie Endowment launched the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut 2006 Carnegie Europe in Brussels 2007 and the Carnegie Tsinghua Center at the Tsinghua University in Beijing 2010 Additionally in partnership with the al Farabi Kazakh National University Carnegie established the Al Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia in Kazakhstan in late 2011 In February 2015 Jessica T Mathews stepped down as president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace after 18 years 25 William J Burns former U S deputy secretary of state became Carnegie s ninth president 26 In April 2016 the sixth international Center Carnegie India opened in New Delhi 27 Officers Edit PresidentsElihu Root 1912 1925 Nicholas Murray Butler 1925 1945 Alger Hiss 1946 1949 James T Shotwell 1949 50 Joseph E Johnson 1950 1971 Thomas L Hughes 1971 1991 Morton I Abramowitz 1991 1997 Jessica T Mathews 1997 2015 William J Burns 2015 2021 Thomas Carothers interim 2021 present ChairpersonsElihu Root 1910 1925 Nicholas Murray Butler 1925 1945 John W Davis 1946 47 John Foster Dulles 1947 1953 Harvey Hollister Bundy 1953 1958 Whitney North Seymour 1958 1970 Seymour Milton Katz 1970 1978 John W Douglas 1978 1986 Charles Zwick 1986 1993 Robert Carswell 1993 1999 William H Donaldson 1999 2003 James C Gaither 2003 2009 Richard Giordano 2009 2013 Harvey V Fineberg 2013 2018 Penny Pritzker from 2018 Board of Trustees Edit Penny Pritzker chairman of PSP Partners and Pritzker Realty Group former secretary of commerce Mohamed A El Erian vice chairman and chief economic adviser Allianz SE Ayman Asfari Group Chief Executive Petrofac Limited Elizabeth F Bagley former special representative for the U S Department Of State chairman of SBI Cellular One Bill Bradley managing director Allen amp Company David Burke co founder CEO and managing director Makena Capital Management Thomas Carothers interim president Steven A Denning chairman General Atlantic Harvey V Fineberg president Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Jane D Hartley former U S Ambassador to France and communications executive Patricia House vice chairman of the board C3 IoT Maha Ibrahim general partners Canaan Partners Walter B Kielholz chairman of the board of directors Swiss Re Ltd Scott D Malkin chairman Value Retail PLC Raymond J McGuire global head corporate amp investment banking Citi Sunil Bharti Mittal founder and chairman Bharti Enterprises Clarke Murphy CEO Russell Reynolds Associates Adebayo Ogunlesi chairman and managing partner Global Infrastructure Partners Kenneth E Olivier past chairman and CEO Dodge amp Cox Funds Jonathan Oppenheimer director Oppenheimer Generations Catherine James Paglia director Enterprise Asset Management Victoria Ransom former CEO Wildfire amp Director of Product Google L Rafael Reif president Massachusetts Institute of Technology George Siguler founding partner and managing director Siguler Guff and Company Ratan N Tata chairman Sir Ratan Tata Trust amp Navajbai Ratan Tata Trust amp Sir Dorabji Tata Trust amp the Allied Trusts Aso O Tavitian former CEO Syncsort Inc Daniel Vasella honorary chairman Novartis International AG Wang Chaoyong founding chairman and CEO ChinaEquity Group Rohan S Weerasinghe general counsel Citigroup Inc Yichen Zhang chairman chief executive officer CITIC Capital Holdings Limited Robert Zoellick chairman AllianceBernstein 28 Carnegie Global Centers EditCarnegie Endowment Headquarters in Washington DC Edit The Carnegie Endowment office in Washington D C is home to nine programs the Asia program Democracy Conflict and Governance program Europe program Geoeconomics and Strategy program Middle East program Nuclear Policy program Russia and Eurasia program South Asia program and Technology and International Affairs program 29 Thomas Carothers is the current interim president of the Carnegie Endowment Carnegie Moscow Center Edit In 1993 the Endowment launched the Carnegie Moscow Center with the belief that in today s world a think tank whose mission is to contribute to global security stability and prosperity requires a permanent presence and a multinational outlook at the core of its operations 30 The center s stated goals are to embody and promote the concepts of disinterested social science research and the dissemination of its results in post Soviet Russia and Eurasia to provide a free and open forum for the discussion and debate of critical national regional and global issues and to further cooperation and strengthen relations between Russia and the United States by explaining the interests objectives and policies of each 22 From 2006 until December 2008 the center was led by current United States Assistant Secretary of State for Verification Compliance and Implementation Rose Gottemoeller The center is currently headed by Dmitri Trenin its first Russian director Carnegie Middle East Center Edit The Carnegie Middle East Center was established in Beirut Lebanon in November 2006 The center aims to better inform the process of political change in the Arab Middle East and deepen understanding of the complex economic and security issues that affect it As of 2016 update the current director of the center is Maha Yahya 31 Carnegie Europe Edit Founded in 2007 by Fabrice Pothier Carnegie Europe is the European centre of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace From its newly expanded presence in Brussels Carnegie Europe combines the work of its research platform with the fresh perspectives of Carnegie s centres in Washington Moscow Beijing and Beirut bringing a unique global vision to the European policy community Through publications articles seminars and private consultations Carnegie Europe aims to foster new thinking on the daunting international challenges shaping Europe s role in the world 32 Carnegie Europe is currently directed by Rosa Balfour 33 Carnegie Tsinghua Center for Global Policy Edit The Carnegie Tsinghua Center for Global Policy was established at Tsinghua University in Beijing in 2010 The center s focuses include China s foreign relations international economics and trade climate change and energy nonproliferation and arms control and other global and regional security issues such as North Korea Afghanistan Pakistan and Iran 34 The current director of the center is Paul Haenle Carnegie India Edit In April 2016 Carnegie India opened in New Delhi India The center s focuses include the political economy of reform in India foreign and security policy and the role of innovation and technology in India s internal transformation and international relations 27 The current director of the center is Rudra Chaudhuri See also EditWikisource has original works on the topic Carnegie Endowment for International PeaceInternational Economics Bulletin List of peace activistsDivisions Edit Division of Economics and HistoryReferences Edit a b About the Global Think Tank Carnegie Endowment for International Peace n d Retrieved 2016 04 04 a b 2018 Annual Report PDF Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2019 Retrieved 11 April 2019 https repository upenn edu cgi viewcontent cgi article 1018 amp context think tanks McGann James G 2 September 2016 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report University of Pennsylvania Retrieved 20 November 2018 McGann James 2019 01 01 2018 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report TTCSP Global Go to Think Tank Index Reports Board of Trustees Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2018 10 11 Thomas Carothers carnegieendowment org Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved June 11 2021 About Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2018 10 11 Biden Names Career Diplomat William J Burns As Nominee For CIA Director Huffington Post About CIA Director of the CIA www cia gov Archived from the original on April 1 2021 Retrieved April 6 2021 a b Endowment History Archived from the original on 2009 10 13 Retrieved 2017 02 05 James Langland ed Carnegie Endowment for International Peace The Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year Book for 1926 Chicago Chicago Daily News Company 1925 pg 591 Osmanczyk Edmund Jan 2003 Encyclopedia of the United Nations and international agreements New York Routledge OCLC 50164558 a b c d e f g A Timeline of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2012 03 06 Bibliotheque Carnegie Retrieved August 2 2012 a b Witt Steven W November 2014 International Mind Alcoves The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Libraries and the Struggle for Global Public Opinion Library amp Information History 30 4 273 290 doi 10 1179 1758348914Z 00000000068 via JSTOR Carnegie Endowment of International Peace Records www library columbia edu Nobel Peace Prize 1931 Nobel Prize Retrieved 2012 03 06 About Raphael Lemkin United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archived from the original on 2012 02 29 Retrieved 2012 03 06 James T Shotwell A Life Devoted to Organizing Peace Columbia University Retrieved 2012 03 06 a b c 100 Years of Impact PDF Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2012 03 06 a b About the Carnegie Moscow Center Carnegie Moscow Center Retrieved 2012 03 06 About the Carnegie Endowment Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Archived from the original on 2012 01 30 Retrieved 2012 03 06 A New Vision for the Carnegie Endowment Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2012 03 06 Celebrating the Presidency of Jessica T Mathews Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2017 02 05 William J Burns Begins as President of Carnegie Endowment Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2015 02 04 Retrieved 2017 02 05 a b About Carnegie India Retrieved 2017 02 05 Board of Trustees Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 28 November 2018 Programs Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 2012 03 06 gt The Global Think Tank Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Retrieved 20 November 2018 Maha Yahya Bio Carnegie Middle East Center Retrieved 2016 04 04 About Carnegie Europe Carnegie Europe Retrieved 2012 03 06 Balfour Rosa 2020 04 01 New Carnegie Europe Director Spotlight Rosa Balfour Carnegie Europe About the Carnegie Tsinghua Center Carnegie Tsinghua Center Retrieved 2012 03 06 Sources EditPatterson David S Andrew Carnegie s quest for world peace Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 114 5 1970 371 383 Online External links EditOfficial website Publications Foreign Policy Pro et Contra Coordinates 38 54 33 N 77 02 28 W 38 909273 N 77 041043 W 38 909273 77 041043Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Carnegie Endowment for International Peace amp oldid 1040099667, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.