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José Manuel Barroso

For the Portuguese footballer, see José Barroso (footballer). For the Portuguese modern pentathlete, see Manuel Barroso.
In this Portuguese name, the first or maternal family name is Durão and the second or paternal family name is Barroso.

José Manuel Durão Barroso (Portuguese:; born 23 March 1956) is a Portuguese politician and university teacher, currently serving as non-executive chairman of Goldman Sachs International. He previously served as the 11th President of the European Commission and the 115th Prime Minister of Portugal.

José Manuel Barroso
Manuel Barroso in 2013
11th President of the European Commission
In office
22 November 2004 – 31 October 2014
First Vice-PresidentMargot Wallström
Catherine Ashton
Preceded byRomano Prodi
Succeeded byJean-Claude Juncker
Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
6 April 2002 – 17 July 2004
PresidentJorge Sampaio
DeputyJosé Luís Arnaut
Preceded byAntónio Guterres
Succeeded byPedro Santana Lopes
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
1 May 1999 – 12 November 2004
Preceded byMarcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Succeeded byPedro Santana Lopes
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 May 1999 – 6 April 2002
Prime MinisterAntónio Guterres
Preceded byMarcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Succeeded byEduardo Ferro Rodrigues
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 November 1992 – 28 October 1995
Prime MinisterAníbal Cavaco Silva
Preceded byJoão de Deus Pinheiro
Succeeded byJaime Gama
Member of the Assembly of the Republic
In office
4 November 1985 – 22 November 2004
ConstituencyLisbon (1985–87, 1995–2002)
Viseu (1987–95)
Personal details
Born
José Manuel Durão Barroso

(1956-03-23)23 March 1956 (age 65)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political partyWorkers' Communist Party(Before 1976)
Social Democratic Party
(1976–present)
Spouse(s)Maria Margarida Sousa Uva
(m. 1980–2016; her death)
Children3
Alma materUniversity of Lisbon
University of Geneva
Georgetown University
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website
Official Media Gallery

Contents

Durão Barroso (as he is known in Portugal) graduated in Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon. He subsequently obtained a Diploma in European Studies from the European University Institute, and received a MA degree with honours in both Political Science and Social Sciences from the University of Geneva in Switzerland. His academic career continued as an assistant professor in the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon. Barroso did PhD research at Georgetown University and Georgetown's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington, D.C. but his CV does not list any doctoral degree (except honorary). He is a 1998 graduate of the Georgetown Leadership Seminar. Back in Lisbon, Barroso became director of the Department for International Relations at Lusíada University (Universidade Lusíada).

Barroso is now a policy fellow at the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination at Princeton University and the Frederick H. Schultz Class of 1951 Visiting Professor of International Economic Policy at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs Woodrow Wilson School, where he teaches with Wolfgang F. Danspeckgruber on the EU in International Affairs. Barroso also teaches at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and at the University of Geneva. At Católica Global School of Law, he teaches since 2015 the seminar on "The Dynamics of European Union Institutions", for both LL.M. programmes – Law in a European and Global Context and International Business Law.

This section about a living person needs additional citations for verification. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful.
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Barroso's political activity began in his late teens, during the Estado Novo regime in Portugal, before the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974. In his university days, he was one of the leaders of the underground Maoist MRPP (Re-Organized Movement of the Proletariat Party, later Portuguese Workers' Communist Party (PCTP/MRPP), Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers/Revolutionary Movement of the Portuguese Proletariat). In an interview with the newspaper Expresso, he said that he had joined MRPP to fight the only other student body movement, also underground, which was controlled by the Portuguese Communist Party. Despite this justification, there is a very famous political 1976 interview recorded by the Portuguese state-run television channel, RTP, in which Barroso, as a politically minded student during the post-Carnation Revolution turmoil known as PREC, criticises the bourgeois education system which "throws students against workers and workers against students." In December 1980, Barroso joined the right-of-centre PPD (Democratic Popular Party, later PPD/PSD-Social Democratic Party), where he remains to the present day.

In 1985, under the PSD government of Aníbal Cavaco Silva, 113th Prime Minister of Portugal, Barroso was named Under-Secretary of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs. In 1987 he became a member of the same government as he was elevated to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (answering to the Minister of Foreign Affairs), a post he was to hold for the next five years. In this capacity, he was the driving force behind the Bicesse Accords of 1990, which led to a temporary armistice in the Angolan Civil War between the ruling MPLA and the opposition UNITA. He also supported independence for East Timor, a former Portuguese colony, then a province of Indonesia by force. In 1992, Barroso was promoted to the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs, and served in this capacity until the defeat of the PSD in the 1995 general election.

While in opposition, Barroso was elected to the Assembly of the Republic in 1995 as a representative for Lisbon. There, he became chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee. In 1999 he was elected president of his political party, PSD, succeeding Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (a professor of law), and thus became Leader of the Opposition. Parliamentary elections in 2002 gave the PSD enough seats to form a coalition government with the right-wing Portuguese People's Party, and Barroso subsequently became Prime Minister of Portugal on 6 April 2002.

As Prime Minister, facing a growing budget deficit, he made a number of difficult decisions and adopted strict reforms. He vowed to reduce public expenditure, which made him unpopular among leftists and public servants.[citation needed]. His purpose was to lower the public budget deficit to a 3% target (according to the demands of EU rules), and official data during the 2002–2004 period stated that the target was being attained.

Barroso Azores (far left) in March 2003

In March 2003, Barroso hosted U.S President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar in the Portuguese island of Terceira, in the Azores. The four leaders finalised the controversial US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq. Under Barroso's leadership, Portugal became part of the "coalition of the willing" for the invasion and occupation of Iraq, sending non-combat troops. On 30 January 2003, Barroso signed The letter of the eight supporting US. policy on Iraq.

Barroso did not finish his term as he had been nominated as President of the European Commission on 5 July 2004. Barroso arranged with Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio to nominate Pedro Santana Lopes as a substitute Prime Minister of Portugal. Santana Lopes led the PSD/PP coalition for a few months until early 2005, when new elections were called. When the Portuguese Socialist Party won the elections it produced an estimation that by the end of the year the budget deficit would reach 6.1%, which it used to criticise Barroso's and Santana Lopes's economic policies.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(September 2008)
Main article: Barroso Commission
The "three European presidents", Jerzy Buzek (Parliament), José Manuel Barroso (Commission) and Herman Van Rompuy (European Council) during a press conference in 2011
José Manuel Barroso visits the ESO.
Headquarters of the European Commission in Brussels.

In 2004, the proposed European Constitution and now the Treaty of Lisbon included a provision that the choice of President must take into account the result of Parliamentary elections and the candidate supported by the victorious Europarty in particular. That provision was not in force in the nomination in 2004, but the centre-right European People's Party (EPP), who won the elections, pressured for a candidate from its own ranks. In the end, José Manuel Barroso, the EPP candidate, was chosen by the European Council.

On the same basis, the EPP again endorsed Barroso for a second term during the 2009 European election campaign and, after the EPP again won the elections, was able to secure his nomination by the European Council on 17 June 2009. On 3 September 2009, Barroso unveiled his manifesto for his second term. On 16 September 2009, Barroso was re-elected by the European Parliament for another five years. Since he completed his second term he became only the second Commission president to serve two terms, after Jacques Delors. That Commission's term of office ran until 31 October 2014.

During his first presidency, the following important issues were on the Commission's agenda:

One of his first tasks since being re-elected was a visit to Ireland to persuade Irish citizens to approve the Treaty of Lisbon in the country's second referendum due to be held the following month. Barroso was greeted by Irish Minister for Defence Willie O'Dea and Peter Power, the Minister of State for Overseas Development, as he got off his plane at Shannon Airport on the morning of 19 September 2009 before briefly meeting with the joint committee of the Oireachtas and meeting and greeting people at functions in Limerick's City Hall, University of Limerick (UL) and the Savoy Hotel. He told The Irish Times in an interview referenced internationally by Reuters that he had been asked if Ireland would split from the European Union. He also launched a €14.8 million grant for former workers at Dell's Limerick plant, described as "conveniently opportune" by former Member of the European Parliament and anti-Lisbonite Patricia McKenna.

On 12 September 2012 Barroso has called for the EU to evolve into a "federation of nation-states". Addressing the EU parliament in Strasbourg, Barroso said such a move was necessary to combat the continent's economic crisis. He said he believed Greece would be able to stay in the eurozone if it stood by its commitments. Mr Barroso also set out plans for a single supervisory mechanism for all banks in the eurozone.

U.S. President George W. Bush, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Barroso in 2008

He was once appointed Acting Commissioner for Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration in Maroš Šefčovič's stead, from 19 April 2014 – 25 May 2014 while he was on electoral campaign leave for the 2014 elections to the European Parliament. He ultimately decided to not take up his seat.

Controversies

In 2005, Die Welt reported that Barroso had spent a week on the yacht of the Greek shipping billionaire Spiro Latsis. It emerged soon afterwards that this had occurred only a month before the Commission approved 10 million euros of Greek state aid for Latsis's shipping company – though the state aid decision had been taken by the previous European Commission before Barroso took up his post. In response to this revelation, Nigel Farage MEP of the UK Independence Party persuaded around 75 MEPs from across the political spectrum to back a motion of no confidence in Barroso, so as to compel him to appear before the European Parliament to be questioned on the matter. The motion was tabled on 12 May 2005, and Barroso appeared before Parliament as required at a debate on 26 May 2005. The motion itself was heavily defeated.

In response to criticism for his choice of a less fuel efficient Volkswagen Touareg, amid EU legislation of targets drastically to reduce carCO
2
emissions, Barroso dismissed this as "overzealous moralism".

In April 2008, amid sharp food price rises and mounting food vs fuel concerns, Barroso insisted that biofuel use was "not significant" in pushing up food prices. The following month, he announced a study that would look into the issue. The backdoor approval of the GE potato, by President Barroso, has met a wave of strong opposition from EU member-states. The governments of Greece, Austria, Luxembourg, Italy, Hungary and France have all publicly announced that they will not allow the GE potato to be grown in their countries.

Barroso has expressed criticism of national governments arguing "Decisions taken by the most democratic institutions in the world are very often wrong."

In December 2013 Barroso said that Europe was not the cause of the problems for Ireland; Ireland caused a problem for Europe. Following the bailout exit, in December 2013, the Irish government's bid to get backdated funding for the banking sector was rejected as the head of the European Commission blamed the Irish banks, regulators and government for the difficulties in the country. Barroso said the problems in the Irish banks caused a "major destabilisation" in the euro, rather than structural problems with the currency itself, "I am saying this because it would be wrong to give the impression that Europe has created a problem for Ireland and now Europe has to help Ireland. In fact, it was the banking sector in Ireland—it was one of the biggest problems in the world in terms of banking stability what happened in Ireland."

Barroso was heavily criticised for taking a position as a chairman and senior adviser to the international arm of Goldman Sachs. He did so two months after the 18-month "cooling-off" period for EU officials after they leave their posts. Barroso's move was especially sensitive because Goldman Sachs is an American institution that played a questionable role in the financial crisis that nearly broke the euro. Furthermore, Barroso announced his move to the London-based subsidiary of Goldman Sachs shortly after the Brexit referendum. The European Commission agreed to an unprecedented ethics inquiry into the move. The independent panel concluded there were "not sufficient grounds to establish a violation of the duty of integrity and discretion" and accepted Barroso's assurances that he would not be lobbying on behalf of the bank's clients.

British Prime Minister David Cameron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel watching the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final with Barroso, US President Barack Obama, French President François Hollande and others during the G8 summit.

In July 2016, Barroso became the non-executive chairman of London-based Goldman Sachs International (GSI), the bank's largest subsidiary. He is also an adviser to the bank. At the time of his appointments, this position was regarded as quite controversial, and later led Barroso's successor Jean-Claude Juncker to launch an ethics investigation.[citation needed]

In 2020, Barroso was selected as chair of the board at GAVI, succeeding Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala.

In addition, Barroso has held several paid and unpaid positions, including:

Barroso is the son of Luís António Saraiva Barroso and his wife Maria Elisabete de Freitas Durão. In 1980 he married Maria Margarida Pinto Ribeiro de Sousa Uva, with whom he has three sons. Sousa Uva died from uterine cancer in August 2016, at the age of 60.

Apart from Portuguese, Barroso is fluent in French, speaks Spanish and English and has taken a course to acquire a basic knowledge of German.

Honours

Barroso holds over twenty decorations, including.

  • Grand Cross of the Order of Christ (Portugal) in 1996;
  • Winner of the Casa da Imprensa prize in the area of politics in 1992
  • Named Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum in 1993
  • Chosen Personality of the Year in 1991 and 2004 by the Foreign Press Association in Portugal
  • Given "Medalla de la Universidad de Alcala de Henares" and "Medalla de Oro de la Ciudad de Zamora", Spain, 2005
  • Golden Medal: The Bell Celebration – Message to the United Europe, from the Ferdinan Martinengo Company, Slovakia, 2006
  • EFR-Business Week Award from Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2006.
  • Honorary Citizen of Rio de Janeiro, June 2006.
  • "European of the Year" award by European Voice newspaper, November 2006.
  • Awarded Honorary HEC diploma, Paris, December 2006.
  • Special Prize, Business Centre Club, Poland, February 2007; Gold Medal of the city of Lamego, Portugal, April 2007;
  • Transatlantic Leadership Prize, European Institute, Washington DC, April 2007;
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great (Lithuania, 06/2007)
  • Honorary Citizen of Delphi and Golden Medal of the "Amfiktyons", Delphi, Greece, July 2007;
  • Academic Title EBAPE – FGV, for the relevant contribution and services towards the study and practice in Administration – Getulio Vargas Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, August 2007
  • Conde de Barcelona International Prize from the Conde de Barcelona Foundation, Barcelona, November 2007.
  • Honorary Medal and Honorary Diploma of the City of Nicosia, Nicosia, January 2008.
  • Honorary Member, Academia Portuguesa da História, Lisbon, March 2008.
  • State Medal "Stara Planina" I Degree, Bulgaria, March 2008.
  • "Prémio Rotary da Paz", Rotary International Distrito 1960 Portugal, Lisbon, April 2008; "Chave de Honra da Cidade de Lisboa", Lisbon, May 2008.
  • Confraria Queijo S. Jorge, Acores, May 2008.
  • Ciudadino Andino Honorifico, Lima, Peru, May 2008.
  • "Transatlantic Business Award", American Chamber of Commerce to the European Union, Brussels, May 2008.
  • Confraria vinho do Porto, Porto, June 2008.
  • Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, First Class, Tallinn, February 2009.
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of European Studies, Royal Institute of European Studies Madrid, March 2009.
  • Gold Medal of the Hellenic Parliament, Athens, April 2009.
  • Medal of Honour and Benefaction of the City of Athens, Athens, April 2009.
  • European Excellence Award, by the Government Council of the Community of Madrid, May 2009.
  • Prix European of the Year, The European Movement in Denmark, Copenhagen, May 2009.
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau.
  • Laureate of the Quadriga Prize 2009 – United for the Better, Berlin, October 2009
  • Collar of the "Order pro merito Melitensi" [Civilian Class], the Order of Malta, Rome, May 2010.
  • Medal of Merit from the Federação das Associações Portuguesas e Luso-brasileiras, Brazil, July 2010.
  • "Man of the Year 2009 of Central and Eastern Europe", Krynica, September 2010.
  • Great Collar of the Order of Timor-Leste, Brussels, October 2010.
  • Golden Victoria "European of the Year 2010" award by the Union of German Magazine Publishers VDZ, Berlin, November 2010.
  • Collier of the Fondation du Mérite européen, Luxembourg, November 2010.
  • the "Steiger" Award 2011, Bochum, Germany, March 2011.
  • Charles V Prize, awarded by the Fundación Academia Europea de Yuste, Spain, 2013
  • Gold Medal for Outstanding Contribution to Public Discourse, the College Historical Society (CHS) of Trinity College, Dublin.
  • Gold Medal of the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe, in 2014.

Honorary degrees

  1. "Ex-European Commission head Barroso under fire over Goldman Sachs job". 13 July 2016 – via www.bbc.com.
  2. "Durão Barroso vai ser presidente da Goldman Sachs".
  3. José Manuel Barroso 2009 CV archived on 21 May from the original
  4. GLS Reunion 2005 Archived 29 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "José Manuel Durao Barroso: LISD Policy Fellow, Frederick H. Schultz Class of 1951 Visiting Professor of International Economic Policy". Princeton NJ: Liechtenstein Institute of Self-Determination. Retrieved29 June 2016.
  6. "José-Manuel Barroso nommé professeur invité à l'UNIGE et à l'IHEID – SERVICE DE COMMUNICATION – UNIGE".
  7. "Barroso's role in the proletarian struggle". Financial Times. 9 October 2007.
  8. "José Manuel Barroso bullies the Irish". The Daily Telegraph. 28 May 2008.
  9. Euractiv (20 January 2009). "Barroso as a young, passionate Maoist student leader in 1976" – via YouTube.
  10. "Conservative lawyer an ex-Maoist communist". The Irish Times. 30 June 2004.
  11. "Full text of letter written by eight European leaders". The Irish Times. 30 January 2003.
  12. Portugal: ECONOMY Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, U.S. Department of State
  13. "Choosing a New EU Commission President". Deutsche Welle. 16 June 2004. Retrieved27 August 2007.
  14. Ian Traynor in Brussels (3 September 2009). "José Manuel Barroso unveils manifesto for second term". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  15. David Charter in Strasbourg (17 September 2009). "José Manuel Barroso wins second term as European Commission President". The Times. UK. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  16. "PN MEPs welcome election of José Manuel Barroso". The Malta Independent. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 December 2011. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  17. "EPP delighted with re-election of Barroso"[permanent dead link] European People's Party, 16 September 2009; accessed 29 November 2009
  18. "Organisational structure".
  19. "No vote will affect confidence – Barroso". RTÉ. 19 September 2009. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  20. Carmel Crimmins (19 September 2009). "EU's Barroso warns Ireland on commissioner right". Reuters. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  21. "European grant for former Dell workers". RTÉ. 19 September 2009. Retrieved19 September 2009.
  22. "EU Commission chief Barroso calls for 'federation'". BBC. 12 September 2012.
  23. "Six commissioners head for EU election campaign trail".
  24. Castle, Stephen (26 May 2005). "Barroso survives confidence debate over free holiday with Greek tycoon". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved8 June 2009.
  25. "Bloomberg.com". Bloomberg. 25 May 2005. Archived from the original on 16 November 2006. Retrieved8 June 2009.
  26. "Europe | Barroso rebuffs yacht questions". BBC News. 25 May 2005. Retrieved8 June 2009.
  27. "Barroso bashed over gas guzzler". BBC News. 9 March 2007. Retrieved7 May 2010.
  28. Biofuels 'aggravating' food prices says Brown EUobserver, 10 April 2008
  29. Barroso orders study on biofuels/food link Transport & Environment, 14 May 2008
  30. "The EU is an antidote to democratic governments, argues President Barroso". Telegraph. London. 1 October 2010. Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved15 August 2012.
  31. "EU chief Barroso: No backdated bank debt deal for Ireland". Irish Independent.
  32. "José Manuel Barroso cleared of ethics breach over Goldman Sachs job". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016.
  33. Laura Noonan (8 July 2016), Goldman Sachs hires former EU chief José Manuel Barroso Financial Times.
  34. Jean Quatremer (9 July 2016), [1] "Libération".
  35. "Goldman Sachs hires former EU chief Barroso". Reuters.
  36. José Manuel Barroso named as new Chair of the Gavi Board GAVI, press release of 29 September 2020.
  37. Gordon Brown appointed Chair of Education Financing Commission Office of Gordon and Sarah Brown, press release of 22 September 2015.
  38. Steering Committee Bilderberg Meetings.
  39. Panel of Senior Advisers Chatham House.
  40. Governance Europaeum.
  41. Minutes of the 2110th meeting, 16 December 2014 European Commission.
  42. Honorary Council European Movement International.
  43. Senior leaders join Kofi Annan's Electoral Integrity Initiative Kofi Annan Foundation, press release of 30 May 2016.
  44. Honorary Senate Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.
  45. Global Advisory Board Women Political Leaders Global Forum (WPL).
  46. Structure and Organisation: Board of Trustees UEFA Foundation for Children.
  47. Aleksander Čeferin becomes chairman of the UEFA Foundation for Children UEFA Foundation for Children, press release of 22 November 2017.
  48. "Barroso pour une TVA réduite – vidéo Dailymotion". 8 July 2008.
  49. Barroso speaking French, Spanish, English and German Les vidéos du président Barroso, Commission européenne, Bruxelles
  50. CV with the list of decorations Official CV at Europa.eu
  51. Lithuanian Presidency Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Lithuanian Orders searching form
  52. Invitados
  53. Honorary graduates | 2005/2006 University of Edinburgh
  54. Doktoraty Honoris Causa Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Warsaw School of Economics
  55. Ehrendoktorwürde: "José Manuel Barroso ist Mr. Europa" Informationsdienst Wissenschaft, 9 May 2009
Wikimedia Commons has media related to José Manuel Durão Barroso.
Political offices
New office Deputy Secretary of State of the
Minister of Internal Administration

1985–1987
Succeeded by
José Branquinho Lobo
Preceded by
Eduardo Azevedo Soares
Secretary of State of
External Affairs and Cooperation

1987–1992
Succeeded by
José Briosa e Gala
Preceded by
João de Deus Pinheiro
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1992–1995
Succeeded by
Jaime Gama
Preceded by
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Leader of the Opposition
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues
Preceded by
António Guterres
Prime Minister of Portugal
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Pedro Santana Lopes
Preceded by
António Vitorino
Portuguese European Commissioner
2004–2014
Succeeded by
Carlos Moedas
Preceded by
Romano Prodi
President of the European Commission
2004–2014
Succeeded by
Jean-Claude Juncker
Party political offices
Preceded by
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
President of the Social Democratic Party
1999–2004
Succeeded by
Pedro Santana Lopes
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
David Cameron
Chair of the Group of Eight
2014
Served alongside: Herman Van Rompuy
Succeeded by
Angela Merkel
Academic offices
Preceded by
Joschka Fischer
Convocation Speaker of the College of Europe
2004
Succeeded by
Javier Solana

José Manuel Barroso
josé, manuel, barroso, language, watch, edit, portuguese, footballer, josé, barroso, footballer, portuguese, modern, pentathlete, manuel, barroso, this, portuguese, name, first, maternal, family, name, durão, second, paternal, family, name, barroso, josé, manu. Jose Manuel Barroso Language Watch Edit For the Portuguese footballer see Jose Barroso footballer For the Portuguese modern pentathlete see Manuel Barroso In this Portuguese name the first or maternal family name is Durao and the second or paternal family name is Barroso Jose Manuel Durao Barroso Portuguese ʒuˈzɛ mɐˈnwɛl duˈɾɐ w bɐˈʁozu born 23 March 1956 is a Portuguese politician and university teacher currently serving as non executive chairman of Goldman Sachs International He previously served as the 11th President of the European Commission and the 115th Prime Minister of Portugal 1 Jose Manuel BarrosoManuel Barroso in 201311th President of the European CommissionIn office 22 November 2004 31 October 2014First Vice PresidentMargot Wallstrom Catherine AshtonPreceded byRomano ProdiSucceeded byJean Claude JunckerPrime Minister of PortugalIn office 6 April 2002 17 July 2004PresidentJorge SampaioDeputyJose Luis ArnautPreceded byAntonio GuterresSucceeded byPedro Santana LopesPresident of the Social Democratic PartyIn office 1 May 1999 12 November 2004Preceded byMarcelo Rebelo de SousaSucceeded byPedro Santana LopesLeader of the OppositionIn office 1 May 1999 6 April 2002Prime MinisterAntonio GuterresPreceded byMarcelo Rebelo de SousaSucceeded byEduardo Ferro RodriguesMinister of Foreign AffairsIn office 12 November 1992 28 October 1995Prime MinisterAnibal Cavaco SilvaPreceded byJoao de Deus PinheiroSucceeded byJaime GamaMember of the Assembly of the RepublicIn office 4 November 1985 22 November 2004ConstituencyLisbon 1985 87 1995 2002 Viseu 1987 95 Personal detailsBornJose Manuel Durao Barroso 1956 03 23 23 March 1956 age 65 Lisbon PortugalPolitical partyWorkers Communist Party Before 1976 Social Democratic Party 1976 present Spouse s Maria Margarida Sousa Uva m 1980 2016 her death Children3Alma materUniversity of Lisbon University of Geneva Georgetown UniversitySignatureWebsiteOfficial website Official Media Gallery Contents 1 Academic career 2 Early political career 3 Prime Minister of Portugal 4 President of the European Commission 4 1 Controversies 5 Other activities 6 Personal life 6 1 Honours 6 1 1 Honorary degrees 7 See also 8 Notes 9 External linksAcademic career EditDurao Barroso as he is known in Portugal 2 graduated in Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon He subsequently obtained a Diploma in European Studies from the European University Institute and received a MA degree with honours in both Political Science and Social Sciences from the University of Geneva in Switzerland His academic career continued as an assistant professor in the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon Barroso did PhD research at Georgetown University and Georgetown s Edmund A Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington D C but his CV does not list any doctoral degree except honorary 3 He is a 1998 graduate of the Georgetown Leadership Seminar 4 Back in Lisbon Barroso became director of the Department for International Relations at Lusiada University Universidade Lusiada Barroso is now a policy fellow at the Liechtenstein Institute on Self Determination at Princeton University 5 and the Frederick H Schultz Class of 1951 Visiting Professor of International Economic Policy at Princeton s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs Woodrow Wilson School where he teaches with Wolfgang F Danspeckgruber on the EU in International Affairs Barroso also teaches at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and at the University of Geneva 6 At Catolica Global School of Law he teaches since 2015 the seminar on The Dynamics of European Union Institutions for both LL M programmes Law in a European and Global Context and International Business Law Early political career EditThis section about a living person needs additional citations for verification Please help by adding reliable sources Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately especially if potentially libelous or harmful Find sources Jose Manuel Barroso news newspapers books scholar JSTOR August 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message Barroso s political activity began in his late teens during the Estado Novo regime in Portugal before the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974 In his university days he was one of the leaders of the underground Maoist MRPP Re Organized Movement of the Proletariat Party later Portuguese Workers Communist Party PCTP MRPP Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers Revolutionary Movement of the Portuguese Proletariat 7 8 In an interview with the newspaper Expresso he said that he had joined MRPP to fight the only other student body movement also underground which was controlled by the Portuguese Communist Party Despite this justification there is a very famous political 1976 interview recorded by the Portuguese state run television channel RTP in which Barroso as a politically minded student during the post Carnation Revolution turmoil known as PREC criticises the bourgeois education system which throws students against workers and workers against students 9 In December 1980 Barroso joined the right of centre PPD Democratic Popular Party later PPD PSD Social Democratic Party where he remains to the present day In 1985 under the PSD government of Anibal Cavaco Silva 113th Prime Minister of Portugal Barroso was named Under Secretary of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs In 1987 he became a member of the same government as he was elevated to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation answering to the Minister of Foreign Affairs a post he was to hold for the next five years In this capacity he was the driving force behind the Bicesse Accords of 1990 which led to a temporary armistice in the Angolan Civil War between the ruling MPLA and the opposition UNITA He also supported independence for East Timor a former Portuguese colony then a province of Indonesia by force In 1992 Barroso was promoted to the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs and served in this capacity until the defeat of the PSD in the 1995 general election Prime Minister of Portugal EditWhile in opposition Barroso was elected to the Assembly of the Republic in 1995 as a representative for Lisbon There he became chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee In 1999 he was elected president of his political party PSD succeeding Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa a professor of law and thus became Leader of the Opposition Parliamentary elections in 2002 gave the PSD enough seats to form a coalition government with the right wing Portuguese People s Party and Barroso subsequently became Prime Minister of Portugal on 6 April 2002 As Prime Minister facing a growing budget deficit he made a number of difficult decisions and adopted strict reforms He vowed to reduce public expenditure which made him unpopular among leftists and public servants citation needed His purpose was to lower the public budget deficit to a 3 target according to the demands of EU rules and official data during the 2002 2004 period stated that the target was being attained Barroso Azores far left in March 2003 In March 2003 Barroso hosted U S President George W Bush British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar in the Portuguese island of Terceira in the Azores The four leaders finalised the controversial US led 2003 invasion of Iraq Under Barroso s leadership Portugal became part of the coalition of the willing for the invasion and occupation of Iraq sending non combat troops 10 On 30 January 2003 Barroso signed The letter of the eight supporting US policy on Iraq 11 Barroso did not finish his term as he had been nominated as President of the European Commission on 5 July 2004 Barroso arranged with Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio to nominate Pedro Santana Lopes as a substitute Prime Minister of Portugal Santana Lopes led the PSD PP coalition for a few months until early 2005 when new elections were called When the Portuguese Socialist Party won the elections it produced an estimation that by the end of the year the budget deficit would reach 6 1 12 which it used to criticise Barroso s and Santana Lopes s economic policies President of the European Commission EditThis section needs expansion You can help by adding to it September 2008 Main article Barroso Commission The three European presidents Jerzy Buzek Parliament Jose Manuel Barroso Commission and Herman Van Rompuy European Council during a press conference in 2011 Play media Jose Manuel Barroso visits the ESO Headquarters of the European Commission in Brussels In 2004 the proposed European Constitution and now the Treaty of Lisbon included a provision that the choice of President must take into account the result of Parliamentary elections and the candidate supported by the victorious Europarty in particular That provision was not in force in the nomination in 2004 but the centre right European People s Party EPP who won the elections pressured for a candidate from its own ranks In the end Jose Manuel Barroso the EPP candidate was chosen by the European Council 13 On the same basis the EPP again endorsed Barroso for a second term during the 2009 European election campaign and after the EPP again won the elections was able to secure his nomination by the European Council on 17 June 2009 On 3 September 2009 Barroso unveiled his manifesto for his second term 14 On 16 September 2009 Barroso was re elected by the European Parliament for another five years 15 16 17 Since he completed his second term he became only the second Commission president to serve two terms after Jacques Delors That Commission s term of office ran until 31 October 2014 18 During his first presidency the following important issues were on the Commission s agenda Turkey applying for EU membership The reform of the institutions Treaty of Lisbon The Bolkestein directive aimed at creating a single market for services within the EU Lisbon Strategy Galileo positioning system Doha Development Agenda negotiations European Institute of Innovation and Technology An EU climate change package One of his first tasks since being re elected was a visit to Ireland to persuade Irish citizens to approve the Treaty of Lisbon in the country s second referendum due to be held the following month 19 Barroso was greeted by Irish Minister for Defence Willie O Dea and Peter Power the Minister of State for Overseas Development as he got off his plane at Shannon Airport on the morning of 19 September 2009 before briefly meeting with the joint committee of the Oireachtas and meeting and greeting people at functions in Limerick s City Hall University of Limerick UL and the Savoy Hotel 19 He told The Irish Times in an interview referenced internationally by Reuters that he had been asked if Ireland would split from the European Union 20 He also launched a 14 8 million grant for former workers at Dell s Limerick plant described as conveniently opportune by former Member of the European Parliament and anti Lisbonite Patricia McKenna 21 On 12 September 2012 Barroso has called for the EU to evolve into a federation of nation states Addressing the EU parliament in Strasbourg Barroso said such a move was necessary to combat the continent s economic crisis He said he believed Greece would be able to stay in the eurozone if it stood by its commitments Mr Barroso also set out plans for a single supervisory mechanism for all banks in the eurozone 22 U S President George W Bush French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Barroso in 2008 He was once appointed Acting Commissioner for Inter Institutional Relations and Administration in Maros Sefcovic s stead from 19 April 2014 25 May 2014 while he was on electoral campaign leave for the 2014 elections to the European Parliament 23 He ultimately decided to not take up his seat Controversies Edit In 2005 Die Welt reported that Barroso had spent a week on the yacht of the Greek shipping billionaire Spiro Latsis It emerged soon afterwards that this had occurred only a month before the Commission approved 10 million euros of Greek state aid for Latsis s shipping company though the state aid decision had been taken by the previous European Commission before Barroso took up his post 24 In response to this revelation Nigel Farage MEP of the UK Independence Party persuaded around 75 MEPs from across the political spectrum to back a motion of no confidence in Barroso so as to compel him to appear before the European Parliament to be questioned on the matter 25 The motion was tabled on 12 May 2005 and Barroso appeared before Parliament as required at a debate on 26 May 2005 26 The motion itself was heavily defeated In response to criticism for his choice of a less fuel efficient Volkswagen Touareg amid EU legislation of targets drastically to reduce car CO2 emissions Barroso dismissed this as overzealous moralism 27 In April 2008 amid sharp food price rises and mounting food vs fuel concerns Barroso insisted that biofuel use was not significant in pushing up food prices 28 The following month he announced a study that would look into the issue 29 The backdoor approval of the GE potato by President Barroso has met a wave of strong opposition from EU member states The governments of Greece Austria Luxembourg Italy Hungary and France have all publicly announced that they will not allow the GE potato to be grown in their countries Barroso has expressed criticism of national governments arguing Decisions taken by the most democratic institutions in the world are very often wrong 30 In December 2013 Barroso said that Europe was not the cause of the problems for Ireland Ireland caused a problem for Europe Following the bailout exit in December 2013 the Irish government s bid to get backdated funding for the banking sector was rejected as the head of the European Commission blamed the Irish banks regulators and government for the difficulties in the country Barroso said the problems in the Irish banks caused a major destabilisation in the euro rather than structural problems with the currency itself I am saying this because it would be wrong to give the impression that Europe has created a problem for Ireland and now Europe has to help Ireland In fact it was the banking sector in Ireland it was one of the biggest problems in the world in terms of banking stability what happened in Ireland 31 Barroso was heavily criticised for taking a position as a chairman and senior adviser to the international arm of Goldman Sachs He did so two months after the 18 month cooling off period for EU officials after they leave their posts Barroso s move was especially sensitive because Goldman Sachs is an American institution that played a questionable role in the financial crisis that nearly broke the euro Furthermore Barroso announced his move to the London based subsidiary of Goldman Sachs shortly after the Brexit referendum The European Commission agreed to an unprecedented ethics inquiry into the move The independent panel concluded there were not sufficient grounds to establish a violation of the duty of integrity and discretion and accepted Barroso s assurances that he would not be lobbying on behalf of the bank s clients 32 Other activities Edit British Prime Minister David Cameron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel watching the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final with Barroso US President Barack Obama French President Francois Hollande and others during the G8 summit In July 2016 Barroso became the non executive chairman of London based Goldman Sachs International GSI the bank s largest subsidiary He is also an adviser to the bank 33 34 35 At the time of his appointments this position was regarded as quite controversial and later led Barroso s successor Jean Claude Juncker to launch an ethics investigation citation needed In 2020 Barroso was selected as chair of the board at GAVI succeeding Ngozi Okonjo Iweala 36 In addition Barroso has held several paid and unpaid positions including International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity led by Gordon Brown Member since 2015 37 Bilderberg Meetings Member of the Steering Committee 38 since 2014 Chatham House Member of the Panel of Senior Advisers 39 European Business Summit EBS Honorary Chairman of the Honorary Committee since 2014 Europaeum Member of the Board of Trustees since 2014 40 41 European Movement International Member of the Honorary Council 42 Kofi Annan Foundation Member of the Electoral Integrity Initiative EII since 2016 43 Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings Member of the Honorary Senate 44 Women Political Leaders Global Forum WPL Member of the Global Advisory Board 45 UEFA Foundation for Children Member of the Board of Trustees 2014 2017 46 47 Personal life EditBarroso is the son of Luis Antonio Saraiva Barroso and his wife Maria Elisabete de Freitas Durao In 1980 he married Maria Margarida Pinto Ribeiro de Sousa Uva with whom he has three sons Sousa Uva died from uterine cancer in August 2016 at the age of 60 Apart from Portuguese Barroso is fluent in French 48 speaks Spanish and English and has taken a course to acquire a basic knowledge of German 49 Honours Edit Barroso holds over twenty decorations including 50 Grand Cross of the Order of Christ Portugal in 1996 Winner of the Casa da Imprensa prize in the area of politics in 1992 Named Global Leader for Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum in 1993 Chosen Personality of the Year in 1991 and 2004 by the Foreign Press Association in Portugal Given Medalla de la Universidad de Alcala de Henares and Medalla de Oro de la Ciudad de Zamora Spain 2005 Golden Medal The Bell Celebration Message to the United Europe from the Ferdinan Martinengo Company Slovakia 2006 EFR Business Week Award from Erasmus University Rotterdam 2006 Honorary Citizen of Rio de Janeiro June 2006 European of the Year award by European Voice newspaper November 2006 Awarded Honorary HEC diploma Paris December 2006 Special Prize Business Centre Club Poland February 2007 Gold Medal of the city of Lamego Portugal April 2007 Transatlantic Leadership Prize European Institute Washington DC April 2007 Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great Lithuania 06 2007 51 Honorary Citizen of Delphi and Golden Medal of the Amfiktyons Delphi Greece July 2007 Academic Title EBAPE FGV for the relevant contribution and services towards the study and practice in Administration Getulio Vargas Foundation Rio de Janeiro August 2007 Conde de Barcelona International Prize from the Conde de Barcelona Foundation Barcelona November 2007 Honorary Medal and Honorary Diploma of the City of Nicosia Nicosia January 2008 Honorary Member Academia Portuguesa da Historia Lisbon March 2008 State Medal Stara Planina I Degree Bulgaria March 2008 Premio Rotary da Paz Rotary International Distrito 1960 Portugal Lisbon April 2008 Chave de Honra da Cidade de Lisboa Lisbon May 2008 Confraria Queijo S Jorge Acores May 2008 Ciudadino Andino Honorifico Lima Peru May 2008 Transatlantic Business Award American Chamber of Commerce to the European Union Brussels May 2008 Confraria vinho do Porto Porto June 2008 Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana First Class Tallinn February 2009 Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of European Studies Royal Institute of European Studies Madrid March 2009 Gold Medal of the Hellenic Parliament Athens April 2009 Medal of Honour and Benefaction of the City of Athens Athens April 2009 European Excellence Award by the Government Council of the Community of Madrid May 2009 Prix European of the Year The European Movement in Denmark Copenhagen May 2009 Grand Cross of the Order of Orange Nassau 52 Laureate of the Quadriga Prize 2009 United for the Better Berlin October 2009 Collar of the Order pro merito Melitensi Civilian Class the Order of Malta Rome May 2010 Medal of Merit from the Federacao das Associacoes Portuguesas e Luso brasileiras Brazil July 2010 Man of the Year 2009 of Central and Eastern Europe Krynica September 2010 Great Collar of the Order of Timor Leste Brussels October 2010 Golden Victoria European of the Year 2010 award by the Union of German Magazine Publishers VDZ Berlin November 2010 Collier of the Fondation du Merite europeen Luxembourg November 2010 the Steiger Award 2011 Bochum Germany March 2011 Charles V Prize awarded by the Fundacion Academia Europea de Yuste Spain 2013 Gold Medal for Outstanding Contribution to Public Discourse the College Historical Society CHS of Trinity College Dublin Gold Medal of the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe in 2014 Honorary degrees Edit Honorary Degree from Roger Williams University Rhode Island 2005 Honorary Degree in Humanities from Georgetown University Washington D C Honorary Degree in Political Science from the University of Genoa Italy 2006 Honorary Degree in Law from Kobe University Japan April 2006 Honorary Doctorate in Social and Human Sciences from Candido Mendes University Rio de Janeiro June 2006 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science University of Edinburgh November 2006 53 Honorary Degree from the Economics Faculty of the La Sapienza University of Rome January 2007 Honorary doctorate at Warsaw School of Economics Warsaw November 2007 54 Doctor Honoris Causa degree at the Pontifical Catholic University of Sao Paulo Brazil March 2008 Honorary degree of Doctor of Laws University of Liverpool July 2008 Premio Politica e Responsabilidade Social Fundacao Luso Brasileira Lisbon October 2008 Honorary Degree of Doctor Universite Nice Sophia Antipolis Nice November 2008 Doctor Honoris Causa Tomas Bata University Zlin Czech Republic April 2009 Honorary doctorate of the Chemnitz University of Technology Chemnitz May 2009 55 Honorary doctorate of Public and International Affairs University of Pittsburgh US September 2009 Doctor Honoris Causa Estacio de Sa University Rio de Janeiro July 2010 Doctorate Honoris Causa Lodz University Poland October 2010 Doctorate Honoris Causa University of Geneva October 2010 Doctorate Honoris Causa University of Bucharest November 2010 Honorary Doctorate Baku State University Azerbaijan January 2011 Honorary Doctorate Luiss Guido Carli University Rome March 2011 Honorary Doctorate Ghent University March 2011 Doctorate Honoris Causa West University of Timișoara January 2016 See also EditPresident of the European Commission European Union lawNotes Edit Ex European Commission head Barroso under fire over Goldman Sachs job 13 July 2016 via www bbc com Durao Barroso vai ser presidente da Goldman Sachs Jose Manuel Barroso 2009 CV archived on 21 May from the original GLS Reunion 2005 Archived 29 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine Jose Manuel Durao Barroso LISD Policy Fellow Frederick H Schultz Class of 1951 Visiting Professor of International Economic Policy Princeton NJ Liechtenstein Institute of Self Determination Retrieved 29 June 2016 Jose Manuel Barroso nomme professeur invite a l UNIGE et a l IHEID SERVICE DE COMMUNICATION UNIGE Barroso s role in the proletarian struggle Financial Times 9 October 2007 Jose Manuel Barroso bullies the Irish The Daily Telegraph 28 May 2008 Euractiv 20 January 2009 Barroso as a young passionate Maoist student leader in 1976 via YouTube Conservative lawyer an ex Maoist communist The Irish Times 30 June 2004 Full text of letter written by eight European leaders The Irish Times 30 January 2003 Portugal ECONOMY Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs U S Department of State Choosing a New EU Commission President Deutsche Welle 16 June 2004 Retrieved 27 August 2007 Ian Traynor in Brussels 3 September 2009 Jose Manuel Barroso unveils manifesto for second term The Guardian UK Retrieved 19 September 2009 David Charter in Strasbourg 17 September 2009 Jose Manuel Barroso wins second term as European Commission President The Times UK Retrieved 19 September 2009 PN MEPs welcome election of Jose Manuel Barroso The Malta Independent 17 September 2009 Archived from the original on 14 December 2011 Retrieved 19 September 2009 EPP delighted with re election of Barroso permanent dead link European People s Party 16 September 2009 accessed 29 November 2009 Organisational structure a b No vote will affect confidence Barroso RTE 19 September 2009 Retrieved 19 September 2009 Carmel Crimmins 19 September 2009 EU s Barroso warns Ireland on commissioner right Reuters Retrieved 19 September 2009 European grant for former Dell workers RTE 19 September 2009 Retrieved 19 September 2009 EU Commission chief Barroso calls for federation BBC 12 September 2012 Six commissioners head for EU election campaign trail Castle Stephen 26 May 2005 Barroso survives confidence debate over free holiday with Greek tycoon The Independent London Archived from the original on 1 October 2007 Retrieved 8 June 2009 Bloomberg com Bloomberg 25 May 2005 Archived from the original on 16 November 2006 Retrieved 8 June 2009 Europe Barroso rebuffs yacht questions BBC News 25 May 2005 Retrieved 8 June 2009 Barroso bashed over gas guzzler BBC News 9 March 2007 Retrieved 7 May 2010 Biofuels aggravating food prices says Brown EUobserver 10 April 2008 Barroso orders study on biofuels food link Transport amp Environment 14 May 2008 The EU is an antidote to democratic governments argues President Barroso Telegraph London 1 October 2010 Archived from the original on 3 October 2010 Retrieved 15 August 2012 EU chief Barroso No backdated bank debt deal for Ireland Irish Independent Jose Manuel Barroso cleared of ethics breach over Goldman Sachs job The Guardian Archived from the original on 1 November 2016 Laura Noonan 8 July 2016 Goldman Sachs hires former EU chief Jose Manuel Barroso Financial Times Jean Quatremer 9 July 2016 1 Liberation Goldman Sachs hires former EU chief Barroso Reuters Jose Manuel Barroso named as new Chair of the Gavi Board GAVI press release of 29 September 2020 Gordon Brown appointed Chair of Education Financing Commission Office of Gordon and Sarah Brown press release of 22 September 2015 Steering Committee Bilderberg Meetings Panel of Senior Advisers Chatham House Governance Europaeum Minutes of the 2110th meeting 16 December 2014 European Commission Honorary Council European Movement International Senior leaders join Kofi Annan s Electoral Integrity Initiative Kofi Annan Foundation press release of 30 May 2016 Honorary Senate Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings Global Advisory Board Women Political Leaders Global Forum WPL Structure and Organisation Board of Trustees UEFA Foundation for Children Aleksander Ceferin becomes chairman of the UEFA Foundation for Children UEFA Foundation for Children press release of 22 November 2017 Barroso pour une TVA reduite video Dailymotion 8 July 2008 Barroso speaking French Spanish English and German Les videos du president Barroso Commission europeenne Bruxelles CV with the list of decorations Official CV at Europa eu Lithuanian Presidency Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine Lithuanian Orders searching form Invitados Honorary graduates 2005 2006 University of Edinburgh Doktoraty Honoris Causa Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Warsaw School of Economics Ehrendoktorwurde Jose Manuel Barroso ist Mr Europa Informationsdienst Wissenschaft 9 May 2009External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Jose Manuel Durao Barroso President Jose Manuel Barroso Official Media Gallery European Commission 2004 2010 President archived site European Commission 2010 2014 President archived site Appearances on C SPANPolitical officesNew office Deputy Secretary of State of the Minister of Internal Administration 1985 1987 Succeeded by Jose Branquinho LoboPreceded by Eduardo Azevedo Soares Secretary of State of External Affairs and Cooperation 1987 1992 Succeeded by Jose Briosa e GalaPreceded by Joao de Deus Pinheiro Minister of Foreign Affairs 1992 1995 Succeeded by Jaime GamaPreceded by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Leader of the Opposition 1999 2002 Succeeded by Eduardo Ferro RodriguesPreceded by Antonio Guterres Prime Minister of Portugal 2002 2004 Succeeded by Pedro Santana LopesPreceded by Antonio Vitorino Portuguese European Commissioner 2004 2014 Succeeded by Carlos MoedasPreceded by Romano Prodi President of the European Commission 2004 2014 Succeeded by Jean Claude JunckerParty political officesPreceded by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa President of the Social Democratic Party 1999 2004 Succeeded by Pedro Santana LopesDiplomatic postsPreceded by David Cameron Chair of the Group of Eight 2014 Served alongside Herman Van Rompuy Succeeded by Angela MerkelAcademic officesPreceded by Joschka Fischer Convocation Speaker of the College of Europe 2004 Succeeded by Javier SolanaRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Jose Manuel Barroso amp oldid 1035889976, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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