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Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

This article uses bare URLs, which may be threatened by link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as reFill (documentation).(May 2021) ()
"Lord Carrington" redirects here. For other holders of the title, see Baron Carrington.
This article is about the hereditary peer. For the life peer, see Matthew Carrington, Baron Carrington of Fulham. For the rugby union and rugby league footballer, see Peter Carrington (rugby).

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Baron Carington of Upton,KG, GCMG, CH, MC, PC, DL (6 June 1919 – 9July 2018) was a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as defence secretary from 1970 to 1974, foreign secretary from 1979 to 1982, chairman of British General Electric Company from 1983 to 1984, and secretary general of NATO from 1984 to 1988. In the first government of Margaret Thatcher, he played a major role in negotiating the Lancaster House Agreement that ended the racial conflict in Rhodesia and enabled the creation of Zimbabwe.

The Lord Carrington
Carrington in 1984
6th Secretary General of NATO
In office
25 June 1984 – 1 July 1988
Preceded byJoseph Luns
Succeeded byManfred Wörner
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
4 May 1979 – 5 April 1982
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byDavid Owen
Succeeded byFrancis Pym
Other ministerial offices
Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords
Shadow Leader of the House of Lords
In office
4 March 1974 – 4 May 1979
Leader
Preceded byThe Lord Shackleton
Succeeded byThe Lord Peart
In office
16 October 1964 – 20 June 1970
Leader
Preceded byThe Earl Alexander of Hillsborough
Succeeded byThe Lord Shackleton
Secretary of State for Energy
In office
8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byEric Varley
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
20 June 1970 – 8 January 1974
Prime MinisterEdward Heath
Preceded byDenis Healey
Succeeded byIan Gilmour
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
7 April 1972 – 4 March 1974
LeaderEdward Heath
Preceded byPeter Thomas
Succeeded byWilliam Whitelaw
Leader of the House of Lords
Minister without Portfolio
In office
20 October 1963 – 16 October 1964
Prime MinisterSir Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded byThe Viscount Hailsham
Bill Deedes
Succeeded byThe Earl of Longford
George Thomson
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
14 October 1959 – 20 October 1963
Prime MinisterHarold Macmillan
Preceded byThe Earl of Selkirk
Succeeded byThe Earl Jellicoe
High Commissioner to Australia
In office
26 May 1956 – 14 October 1959
Prime Minister
Preceded byStephen Holmes
Succeeded bySir William Oliver
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Defence
In office
18 October 1954 – 26 May 1956
Prime Minister
Preceded byNigel Birch
Succeeded byThe Earl of Gosford
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food
In office
5 November 1951 – 18 October 1954
Serving with Richard Nugent
Prime MinisterSir Winston Churchill
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Member of the House of Lords
In office
6 June 1940 – 9 July 2018
Hereditary peerage
Personal details
Born
Peter Alexander Rupert Carington

(1919-06-06)6 June 1919
Chelsea, London, England
Died9 July 2018(2018-07-09) (aged 99)
London, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Iona McClean
(m. 1942; died 2009)​
Children3, including Rupert
Parent(s)Rupert Carington, 5th Baron Carrington
The Hon. Sybil Marion Colville
Alma materRoyal Military College, Sandhurst
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Years of service1939–1949
(inactive from 1945)
RankMajor
UnitGrenadier Guards
Battles/warsSecond World War
AwardsMilitary Cross

Carrington had been Foreign Secretary in 1982 when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands. He took full responsibility for the failure to foresee this and resigned. As NATO secretary general, he helped prevent a war between Greece and Turkey during the 1987 Aegean crisis.

Following the House of Lords Act 1999, which removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington was created a life peer as Baron Carington of Upton.

Contents

The surname "Carrington" (with two r's) was adopted by royal licence dated 1839 by his direct male ancestor Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington, in lieu of Smith. The latter's father, Robert Smith, MP for Nottingham, was created Baron Carrington in 1796 (Peerage of Ireland) and 1797 (Peerage of Great Britain). The spelling of the surname was changed by royal licence to "Carington" (with one r) in 1880 by the 2nd Baron's sons, but the spelling of the title did not change.

Born in Chelsea on 6 June 1919, Peter Alexander Rupert Carington was the only son of the 5th Baron Carrington by his wife, the Hon. Sybil Marion Colville, a daughter of Charles Colville, 2nd Viscount Colville of Culross. He was a great-nephew of the Liberal statesman Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, and also of politician and courtier the Hon. Sir William Carington.[citation needed] Brought up at the Millaton House in Devon, he was educated at two independent schools: Sandroyd School from 1928 to 1932, based at the time in the town of Cobham, Surrey (now the site of Reed's School), and Eton College. Upon leaving Eton, his housemaster said of him, "For a really stupid boy, there are three possible professions: farming, soldiering and stockbroking".

Having trained at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Carrington was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards as a second lieutenant on 26 January 1939. He served with the regiment during the Second World War, and played a key role as a tank commander during Operation Market Garden in the Netherlands in 1944. He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 January 1941, and later rose to the rank of temporary captain and acting major. He was awarded the Military Cross (MC) on 1 March 1945 "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe". After the war, Carrington remained in the army until 1949.

In 1938, Carrington succeeded his father as 6th Baron Carrington. Although he became eligible to take his seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday in 1940, he was on active service at the time, and did not do so until 9 October 1945. After leaving the Army, he became involved in politics and served in the Conservative governments of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Agriculture and Food from November 1951 to October 1954. During the Crichel Down affair, which led to the resignation of Minister Thomas Dugdale, Carrington tendered his resignation, which was refused by the Prime Minister. Carrington then became Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Defence from October 1954 to October 1956. The latter year he was appointed High Commissioner to Australia, a post he held until October 1959. He was also appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire on 2 July 1951. He became a Privy Counsellor in 1959.

Stone set by Lord Carrington, while High Commissioner to Australia, at All Saints Church, Canberra

After his return to Britain he served under Harold Macmillan as First Lord of the Admiralty until October 1963. These were the years of the Royal Navy's Indian summer, and Carrington completed his education in high level defence, largely playing a secondary role, with former CNS Lord Mountbatten, 'Burma' to even other Sea Lords, as the last Royal CDS achieving the restoration of the Royal Navy to equal status with the Army and RAF, and securing major ship orders with guided missile destroyers replacing, cruisers, and a large new nuclear submarine and Leander frigate building programme and interim retention of a large carrier programme. Carrington found Mountbatten impossibly vain and unrealistic in his pretensions, but thought that aircraft carriers and an amphibious task force allowing flexible intervention, and crucially easier withdrawal, than land forces, a better idea than the RAF 'island-hopping' alternative, believing that the Island bases would probably all have declared independence by 1975. The unrealistic nature of Mountbatten's large CVA01 carrier programme and Harold Macmillan's replacement as Prime Minister by Alec Douglas-Home, saw Carrington settle for Minister without Portfolio and Leader of the House of Lords under Douglas-Home until October 1964, when the Conservatives fell from power. From 1964 to 1970 he was Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords.

When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970 under Edward Heath, Carrington became Defence Secretary, where he remained until 1974 when the Conservatives were voted out in favour of Harold Wilson's Labour. In a 1977 letter discussing the policy of torture of Irish republican internees during Operation Demetrius in August 1971, the then Home Secretary Merlyn Rees attributed the origins of the policy in particular to Carrington: '"It is my view (confirmed by Brian Faulkner before his death [NI's prime minister at the time]) that the decision to use methods of torture in Northern Ireland in 1971/72 was taken by ministers – in particular Lord Carrington, then secretary of state for defence."

Carrington had become Shadow Defence Secretary in 1968 after Enoch Powell was dismissed from the position following his controversial Rivers of Blood speech on immigration. He also served as Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1972 to 1974, and was briefly Secretary of State for Energy from January to March 1974.

Carrington (then Foreign Secretary) and US Secretary of State Alexander Haig meet during a 1981 state visit by Margaret Thatcher to the US.

Carrington was again Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords from 1974 to 1979. In 1979 he was made Foreign Secretary and Minister for Overseas Development as part of the first Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher spoke very highly of Carrington, stating that "Peter had great panache and the ability to identify immediately the main points in any argument; and he could express himself in pungent terms. We had disagreements, but there were never any hard feelings."

Carrington chaired the Lancaster House conference in 1979, attended by Ian Smith, Abel Muzorewa, Robert Mugabe, Joshua Nkomo and Josiah Tongogara, which brought to an end Rhodesia's Bush War. He later expressed his support for Mugabe over Smith.

Carrington was Foreign Secretary when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1982. He resigned from the position on 5 April, taking full responsibility for the complacency of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in its failure to foresee this development and for the misleading signals sent by the Foreign Office on British intentions for retaining control over the Falklands. In her autobiography, Margaret Thatcher was later to express her sorrow at his departure. She had asked him to stay but he left because he and the Foreign Office was distrusted and even hated by many back-bench Conservatives, and in turn he despised the party for its pettiness. Since his resignation, no other member of the House of Lords has held any of the four Great Offices of State.

Carrington (then NATO Secretary General) with West German Foreign Minister Genscher in Bonn, 1984

Lord Carrington then served as Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988. He was also appointed Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 August 1984, serving until June 1994.

In 1991, he presided over diplomatic talks about the breakup of Yugoslavia and attempted to pass a plan that would end the wars and result in each republic becoming an independent nation.

Apart from his political posts, he was the Chancellor of the University of Reading and served as chairman of several companies, including Christie's, and as a director of many others, including Barclays Bank, Schweppes and The Daily Telegraph. He also chaired the Bilderberg conferences from 1990 to 1998, being succeeded in 1999 by Étienne Davignon. From 1983 to 2002, he was president of the Pilgrims Society, and from 1971 to 2018 the President of the Britain–Australia Society. He was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter on 8 November 1994, a role from which he retired in October 2012.

After the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, Carrington, along with all former leaders of the House of Lords, was given a life peerage on 17 November 1999 as Baron Carington of Upton, of Upton in the County of Nottinghamshire. He was the longest-serving member of the House of Lords, and following the retirement of Lord Barber of Tewkesbury in 2016, had been the oldest. He was the second longest-serving member of the Privy Council after the Duke of Edinburgh.

He died on 9 July 2018, aged 99, of natural causes in London; his son Rupert succeeded him as 7th Baron Carrington.

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Lord Carrington married Iona McClean (19 March 1920 – 7 June 2009), daughter of Lt Col. Sir Francis Kennedy McCleanAFC and Aileen Wale, on 25 April 1942. They had three children: Alexandra de BunsenDL (born 1943), Virginia CaringtonLVO (born 1946; formerly married to Lord Ashcombe), and Rupert Carington, 7th Baron CarringtonDL (born 1948). Lord Carrington's wife, Lady Carrington, died on 7 June 2009, aged 89.

Carrington was a guest on BBC Radio 4's long-running programme Desert Island Discs in 1975 and on the same station's A Good Read in 2004.

In February 1982 Carrington was portrayed by Rowan Atkinson in a Not the Nine O'Clock News parody of Question Time, pedantically discussing an imminent nuclear holocaust.

Carrington was portrayed by James Fox in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis's The Falklands Play. He was also briefly portrayed by James Smith in the 2011 film The Iron Lady, and by Jeff Rawle in the 2014 play Handbagged.

Lord Carrington, as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, in procession to St George's Chapel in 2006

Honorary degrees

Arms

Coat of arms of Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
Notes
6th Baron Carrington since 1938
Coronet
A coronet of a Baron
Crest
An elephant's head erased or eared gules charged on the neck with three fleurs-de-lis, two and one azure.
Torse
Mantling: Or and sable.
Escutcheon
Or, a chevron cotised between three demi-griffins couped those in chief respectant sable.
Supporters
Two griffins wings elevated sable, the dexter charged on the body with three fleurs-de-lis palewise or and the sinister with three trefoils slipped palewise of the last.
Motto
TENAX ET FIDELIS
Latin: Tenacious and faithful
Orders
The Order of the Garter circlet.
Banner
The banner of the Baron Carrington's arms as knight of the Garter
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Political offices
Preceded by Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries
1951–1954
Served alongside: Richard Nugent
Succeeded by
Preceded by Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Defence
1954–1956
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Lord of the Admiralty
1959–1963
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister without Portfolio
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the House of Lords
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Defence
1970–1974
Succeeded by
New office Secretary of State for Energy
1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
1979–1982
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by High Commissioner to Australia
1956–1959
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary General of NATO
1984–1988
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1963–1970
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman of the Conservative Party
1972–1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1974–1979
Succeeded by
Academic offices
Preceded by Chancellor of the University of Reading
1992–2007
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Chancellor of the Order of the Garter
1994–2012
Succeeded by
Preceded by Longest-serving member in the House of Lords
2007–2018
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Baron Carrington
3rd creation
1938–2018
Member of the House of Lords
(1940–2018)
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Baron Carrington
1938–2018
Succeeded by

Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington
peter, carington, baron, carrington, article, talk, language, watch, edit, this, article, uses, bare, urls, which, threatened, link, please, consider, converting, them, full, citations, ensure, article, remains, verifiable, maintains, consistent, citation, sty. Peter Carington 6th Baron Carrington Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article uses bare URLs which may be threatened by link rot Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting such as reFill documentation May 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Lord Carrington redirects here For other holders of the title see Baron Carrington This article is about the hereditary peer For the life peer see Matthew Carrington Baron Carrington of Fulham For the rugby union and rugby league footballer see Peter Carrington rugby Peter Alexander Rupert Carington 6th Baron Carrington Baron Carington of Upton KG GCMG CH MC PC DL 6 June 1919 9 July 2018 was a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as defence secretary from 1970 to 1974 foreign secretary from 1979 to 1982 chairman of British General Electric Company from 1983 to 1984 and secretary general of NATO from 1984 to 1988 In the first government of Margaret Thatcher he played a major role in negotiating the Lancaster House Agreement that ended the racial conflict in Rhodesia and enabled the creation of Zimbabwe The Right HonourableThe Lord CarringtonKG GCMG CH MC PC DLCarrington in 19846th Secretary General of NATOIn office 25 June 1984 1 July 1988Preceded byJoseph LunsSucceeded byManfred WornerSecretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth AffairsIn office 4 May 1979 5 April 1982Prime MinisterMargaret ThatcherPreceded byDavid OwenSucceeded byFrancis PymOther ministerial officesLeader of the Opposition in the House of Lords Shadow Leader of the House of LordsIn office 4 March 1974 4 May 1979LeaderEdward HeathMargaret ThatcherPreceded byThe Lord ShackletonSucceeded byThe Lord PeartIn office 16 October 1964 20 June 1970LeaderSir Alec Douglas HomeEdward HeathPreceded byThe Earl Alexander of HillsboroughSucceeded byThe Lord ShackletonSecretary of State for EnergyIn office 8 January 1974 4 March 1974Prime MinisterEdward HeathPreceded byPosition establishedSucceeded byEric VarleySecretary of State for DefenceIn office 20 June 1970 8 January 1974Prime MinisterEdward HeathPreceded byDenis HealeySucceeded byIan GilmourChairman of the Conservative PartyIn office 7 April 1972 4 March 1974LeaderEdward HeathPreceded byPeter ThomasSucceeded byWilliam WhitelawLeader of the House of Lords Minister without PortfolioIn office 20 October 1963 16 October 1964Prime MinisterSir Alec Douglas HomePreceded byThe Viscount Hailsham Bill DeedesSucceeded byThe Earl of Longford George ThomsonFirst Lord of the AdmiraltyIn office 14 October 1959 20 October 1963Prime MinisterHarold MacmillanPreceded byThe Earl of SelkirkSucceeded byThe Earl JellicoeHigh Commissioner to AustraliaIn office 26 May 1956 14 October 1959Prime MinisterSir Anthony EdenHarold MacmillanPreceded byStephen HolmesSucceeded bySir William OliverParliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of DefenceIn office 18 October 1954 26 May 1956Prime MinisterSir Winston ChurchillSir Anthony EdenPreceded byNigel BirchSucceeded byThe Earl of GosfordParliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and FoodIn office 5 November 1951 18 October 1954Serving with Richard NugentPrime MinisterSir Winston ChurchillPreceded byThe Earl of ListowelArthur ChampionSucceeded byRichard NugentThe Earl St AldwynMember of the House of LordsIn office 6 June 1940 9 July 2018 Hereditary peeragePersonal detailsBornPeter Alexander Rupert Carington 1919 06 06 6 June 1919 Chelsea London EnglandDied9 July 2018 2018 07 09 aged 99 London EnglandPolitical partyConservativeSpouse s Iona McClean m 1942 died 2009 wbr Children3 including RupertParent s Rupert Carington 5th Baron Carrington The Hon Sybil Marion ColvilleAlma materRoyal Military College SandhurstMilitary serviceAllegiance United KingdomBranch service British ArmyYears of service1939 1949 inactive from 1945 RankMajorUnitGrenadier GuardsBattles warsSecond World WarAwardsMilitary Cross Carrington had been Foreign Secretary in 1982 when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands He took full responsibility for the failure to foresee this and resigned As NATO secretary general he helped prevent a war between Greece and Turkey during the 1987 Aegean crisis 1 Following the House of Lords Act 1999 which removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords Carrington was created a life peer as Baron Carington of Upton Contents 1 Background and early life 2 Military service 3 Political career 1946 1982 4 Later life and death 5 Family 6 In popular culture 7 Honours 7 1 Honorary degrees 7 2 Arms 8 Bibliography 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External linksBackground and early life EditThe surname Carrington with two r s was adopted by royal licence dated 1839 by his direct male ancestor Robert Carrington 2nd Baron Carrington in lieu of Smith 2 The latter s father Robert Smith MP for Nottingham was created Baron Carrington in 1796 Peerage of Ireland and 1797 Peerage of Great Britain 3 The spelling of the surname was changed by royal licence to Carington with one r in 1880 by the 2nd Baron s sons but the spelling of the title did not change Born in Chelsea on 6 June 1919 4 5 Peter Alexander Rupert Carington 6 was the only son of the 5th Baron Carrington by his wife the Hon Sybil Marion Colville a daughter of Charles Colville 2nd Viscount Colville of Culross 7 He was a great nephew of the Liberal statesman Charles Wynn Carington 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire and also of politician and courtier the Hon Sir William Carington citation needed Brought up at the Millaton House in Devon 8 he was educated at two independent schools Sandroyd School from 1928 to 1932 9 based at the time in the town of Cobham Surrey now the site of Reed s School and Eton College Upon leaving Eton his housemaster said of him For a really stupid boy there are three possible professions farming soldiering and stockbroking 6 Military service EditHaving trained at the Royal Military College Sandhurst Carrington was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards as a second lieutenant on 26 January 1939 10 He served with the regiment during the Second World War and played a key role as a tank commander during Operation Market Garden in the Netherlands in 1944 He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 January 1941 11 and later rose to the rank of temporary captain 12 and acting major He was awarded the Military Cross MC on 1 March 1945 in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe 13 12 After the war Carrington remained in the army until 1949 14 Political career 1946 1982 EditIn 1938 Carrington succeeded his father as 6th Baron Carrington Although he became eligible to take his seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday in 1940 he was on active service at the time and did not do so until 9 October 1945 15 After leaving the Army he became involved in politics and served in the Conservative governments of Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Agriculture and Food from November 1951 to October 1954 During the Crichel Down affair which led to the resignation of Minister Thomas Dugdale Carrington tendered his resignation which was refused by the Prime Minister Carrington then became Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Defence from October 1954 to October 1956 The latter year he was appointed High Commissioner to Australia a post he held until October 1959 He was also appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire on 2 July 1951 16 He became a Privy Counsellor in 1959 17 Stone set by Lord Carrington while High Commissioner to Australia at All Saints Church Canberra After his return to Britain he served under Harold Macmillan as First Lord of the Admiralty until October 1963 18 These were the years of the Royal Navy s Indian summer and Carrington completed his education in high level defence largely playing a secondary role with former CNS Lord Mountbatten Burma to even other Sea Lords as the last Royal CDS achieving the restoration of the Royal Navy to equal status with the Army and RAF and securing major ship orders with guided missile destroyers replacing cruisers and a large new nuclear submarine and Leander frigate building programme and interim retention of a large carrier programme Carrington found Mountbatten impossibly vain and unrealistic in his pretensions but thought that aircraft carriers and an amphibious task force allowing flexible intervention and crucially easier withdrawal than land forces a better idea than the RAF island hopping alternative 19 believing that the Island bases would probably all have declared independence by 1975 The unrealistic nature of Mountbatten s large CVA01 carrier programme and Harold Macmillan s replacement as Prime Minister by Alec Douglas Home saw Carrington settle for Minister without Portfolio and Leader of the House of Lords under Douglas Home until October 1964 when the Conservatives fell from power From 1964 to 1970 he was Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970 under Edward Heath Carrington became Defence Secretary where he remained until 1974 when the Conservatives were voted out in favour of Harold Wilson s Labour In a 1977 letter discussing the policy of torture of Irish republican internees during Operation Demetrius in August 1971 the then Home Secretary Merlyn Rees attributed the origins of the policy in particular to Carrington It is my view confirmed by Brian Faulkner before his death NI s prime minister at the time that the decision to use methods of torture in Northern Ireland in 1971 72 was taken by ministers in particular Lord Carrington then secretary of state for defence 20 21 Carrington had become Shadow Defence Secretary in 1968 after Enoch Powell was dismissed from the position following his controversial Rivers of Blood speech on immigration 22 He also served as Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1972 to 1974 and was briefly Secretary of State for Energy from January to March 1974 Carrington then Foreign Secretary and US Secretary of State Alexander Haig meet during a 1981 state visit by Margaret Thatcher to the US Carrington was again Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords from 1974 to 1979 In 1979 he was made Foreign Secretary and Minister for Overseas Development as part of the first Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher Thatcher spoke very highly of Carrington stating that Peter had great panache and the ability to identify immediately the main points in any argument and he could express himself in pungent terms We had disagreements but there were never any hard feelings 23 Carrington chaired the Lancaster House conference in 1979 attended by Ian Smith Abel Muzorewa Robert Mugabe Joshua Nkomo and Josiah Tongogara which brought to an end Rhodesia s Bush War He later expressed his support for Mugabe over Smith 24 Carrington was Foreign Secretary when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1982 He resigned from the position on 5 April taking full responsibility for the complacency of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in its failure to foresee this development 25 and for the misleading signals sent by the Foreign Office on British intentions for retaining control over the Falklands 26 In her autobiography Margaret Thatcher was later to express her sorrow at his departure 27 She had asked him to stay but he left because he and the Foreign Office was distrusted and even hated by many back bench Conservatives and in turn he despised the party for its pettiness 28 Since his resignation no other member of the House of Lords has held any of the four Great Offices of State 29 Later life and death Edit Carrington then NATO Secretary General with West German Foreign Minister Genscher in Bonn 1984 Lord Carrington then served as Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988 He was also appointed Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 August 1984 30 serving until June 1994 31 In 1991 he presided over diplomatic talks about the breakup of Yugoslavia and attempted to pass a plan that would end the wars and result in each republic becoming an independent nation 32 Apart from his political posts he was the Chancellor of the University of Reading and served as chairman of several companies including Christie s and as a director of many others including Barclays Bank Schweppes and The Daily Telegraph He also chaired the Bilderberg conferences from 1990 to 1998 being succeeded in 1999 by Etienne Davignon 33 From 1983 to 2002 he was president of the Pilgrims Society 34 35 and from 1971 to 2018 the President of the Britain Australia Society 36 He was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter on 8 November 1994 37 a role from which he retired in October 2012 38 After the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords Carrington along with all former leaders of the House of Lords was given a life peerage on 17 November 1999 as Baron Carington of Upton of Upton in the County of Nottinghamshire 39 He was the longest serving member of the House of Lords and following the retirement of Lord Barber of Tewkesbury in 2016 had been the oldest He was the second longest serving member of the Privy Council after the Duke of Edinburgh He died on 9 July 2018 aged 99 of natural causes 40 41 4 in London 42 his son Rupert succeeded him as 7th Baron Carrington 6 Family EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Peter Carington 6th Baron Carrington news newspapers books scholar JSTOR July 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message Lord Carrington married Iona McClean 19 March 1920 7 June 2009 daughter of Lt Col Sir Francis Kennedy McClean AFC and Aileen Wale on 25 April 1942 They had three children Alexandra de Bunsen DL born 1943 Virginia Carington LVO born 1946 formerly married to Lord Ashcombe 43 and Rupert Carington 7th Baron Carrington DL born 1948 Lord Carrington s wife Lady Carrington died on 7 June 2009 aged 89 44 In popular culture EditCarrington was a guest on BBC Radio 4 s long running programme Desert Island Discs in 1975 45 and on the same station s A Good Read in 2004 46 In February 1982 Carrington was portrayed by Rowan Atkinson in a Not the Nine O Clock News parody of Question Time pedantically discussing an imminent nuclear holocaust 47 48 Carrington was portrayed by James Fox in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis s The Falklands Play 49 He was also briefly portrayed by James Smith in the 2011 film The Iron Lady 50 and by Jeff Rawle in the 2014 play Handbagged 51 Honours Edit Lord Carrington as Chancellor of the Order of the Garter in procession to St George s Chapel in 2006 1945 Military Cross 1958 52 Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George KCMG 1959 Lord of Her Majesty s Most Honourable Privy Council 1983 53 Companion of the Order of the Companions of Honour CH 1985 54 Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter KG Chancellor of the Order 37 1994 2012 1988 55 Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George GCMG Chancellor of the Order 30 1984 1994 56 1999 39 Life peerage as Baron Carington of Upton Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III 57 1988 58 Presidential Medal of Freedom Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service Freedom of the City of LondonHonorary degrees Edit 1981 59 University of Cambridge LL D 1983 60 University of Essex DUniv December 1989 61 62 University of Reading DLitt 1986 63 Harvard University LLD 1993 64 University of Nottingham LLD 14 December 1998 65 University of Newcastle upon Tyne DCL 21 November 2003 66 University of Oxford DCL Arms Edit Coat of arms of Peter Carington 6th Baron Carrington Notes 6th Baron Carrington since 1938 Coronet A coronet of a Baron Crest An elephant s head erased or eared gules charged on the neck with three fleurs de lis two and one azure Torse Mantling Or and sable Escutcheon Or a chevron cotised between three demi griffins couped those in chief respectant sable 67 68 Supporters Two griffins wings elevated sable the dexter charged on the body with three fleurs de lis palewise or and the sinister with three trefoils slipped palewise of the last 69 Motto TENAX ET FIDELIS Latin Tenacious and faithful Orders The Order of the Garter circlet 70 Banner The banner of the Baron Carrington s arms as knight of the GarterBibliography EditReflect on Things Past The Memoirs of Lord Carrington Published by William Collins 1988 71 References Edit Alan Cowell 29 March 1987 Greeks and Turks ease Aegean crisis The New York Times Retrieved 2 July 2017 Cokayne and others The Complete Peerage volume II p 197 Kidd Charles Debrett s Peerage amp Baronetage 2015 Edition London England p 220 a b Peter Carington Last Survivor of Churchill Govt Dies at 99 Archived from the original on 10 July 2018 Retrieved 10 July 2018 Publications Europa 10 July 2018 The International Who s Who 2004 Psychology Press ISBN 9781857432176 Retrieved 10 July 2018 via Google Books a b c Lord Carrington obituary The Telegraph 10 July 2018 Retrieved 4 August 2020 Index entry FreeBMD ONS Retrieved 14 November 2017 Check out this property for sale on Rightmove Rightmove co uk Retrieved 10 July 2018 Sandroyd School s list of Distinguished Alumni Sandroyd org 27 February 2008 Archived from the original on 28 October 2010 Retrieved 4 November 2010 No 34593 The London Gazette 27 January 1939 p 608 No 35077 The London Gazette Supplement 14 February 1941 p 954 a b No 36961 The London Gazette Supplement 27 February 1945 pp 1173 1175 No 36961 The London Gazette Supplement 27 February 1945 p 1171 No 37815 The London Gazette Supplement 10 December 1946 p 2877 No 38636 The London Gazette Supplement 10 June 1949 p 2877 No 38654 The London Gazette Supplement 1 July 1949 p 3231 Membership and principal office holders parliament uk No 39278 The London Gazette 6 July 1951 p 3687 List of current Privy Counsellors privycouncil independent gov uk No 41860 The London Gazette 3 November 1959 p 6942 No 41891 The London Gazette 11 December 1959 p 7851 No 41966 The London Gazette 26 February 1960 p 1451 No 42044 The London Gazette 27 May 1960 p 3736 No 42249 The London Gazette 13 January 1961 p 263 No 42321 The London Gazette 7 April 1961 p 2546 No 42476 The London Gazette 29 September 1961 p 7055 No 42504 The London Gazette 3 November 1961 p 7931 No 42564 The London Gazette 5 January 1962 p 145 No 42909 The London Gazette 1 February 1963 p 980 No 42925 The London Gazette 19 February 1963 p 1619 No 42995 The London Gazette 17 May 1963 p 4217 No 43077 The London Gazette 9 August 1963 p 6683 C Lee Carrington An Honourable Man Viking Milton Keynes 2018 pp 169 70 British ministers sanctioned torture of NI internees 5 June 2014 British government authorised use of torture methods in NI in early 1970s 5 June 2014 Powell s rivers of blood legacy BBC News 18 April 2008 Margaret Thatcher 1993 The Downing Street Years HarperCollins p 27 ISBN 0002550490 Holland Heidi February 2009 Dinner with Mugabe The Untold Story of a Freedom Fighter Who Became a Tyrant London Penguin Books p 64 ISBN 978 0 14 104079 0 Erik J Evans Thatcher and Thatcherism 1997 p 99 William Keegan The dishonourable Boris Johnson has brought us to the brink of catastrophe The Guardian 15 July 2018 Charles Moore Margaret Thatcher The Authorized Biography Volume I From Grantham to the Falklands 2015 1 674 75 Hugo Young One of Us A Biography of Mrs Thatcher 1989 p 265 Peter Carrington European Leadership Network a b No 49826 The London Gazette 3 August 1984 p 10601 Court Circular Independent 10 June 1994 Archived from the original on 20 December 2013 Obituary Lord Carrington BBC News 10 July 2018 Retrieved 6 September 2018 Rockefeller David 2002 Memoirs Random House p 412 ISBN 0 679 40588 7 Who s Who 1999 Centennial History pilgrimsociety org Vale Lord Carrington britain australia org uk a b No 53843 The London Gazette 8 November 1994 p 15625 No 60301 The London Gazette 17 October 2012 p 19937 a b No 55676 The London Gazette 23 November 1999 p 12466 Ex foreign secretary Lord Carrington dies BBC News 10 July 2018 Retrieved 10 July 2018 via www bbc co uk Langdon Julia 10 July 2018 Lord Carrington obituary The Guardian Retrieved 10 July 2018 Life In Legacy lifeinlegacy com Obituary Lord Ashcome The Telegraph 25 December 2013 Retrieved 28 December 2013 Lady Carrington The Daily Telegraph London 24 June 2009 Retrieved 22 May 2010 BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs Lord Carrington BBC Radio 4 A Good Read Lord Carrington amp Clare Francis Not The Nine O Clock News episode guide see Season 4 Episode 4 SOTCAA Episode 1 Compilations Not the Nine O Clock News BBC Two BBC Retrieved 10 July 2018 James Fox BFI Retrieved 10 July 2018 Cast STRAYS Straysthefilm com Retrieved 10 July 2018 Handbagged review Playful speculation on Thatcher s meetings with the Queen Guardian Retrieved 10 July 2018 No 41404 The London Gazette Supplement 3 June 1958 p 3514 No 49375 The London Gazette Supplement 10 June 1983 p 19 No 50104 The London Gazette 26 April 1985 p 5844 No 51365 The London Gazette Supplement 10 June 1988 p 3 No 53691 The London Gazette 7 June 1994 p 8301 in Spanish Royal Decree 554 1988 3 June Boletin Oficial del Estado No 134 4 June 1988 p 17360 Ronald Reagan Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Lord Peter Carrington 10 May 1988 Online by Gerhard Peters and John T Woolley The American Presidency Project Honorary degrees conferred 1977 PDF University of Cambridge Archived from the original on 6 September 2015 CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link Calendar of the University of Essex Former Chancellors Vice Chancellors Emeritus Professors Emeritus Librarians Honorary Fellows and Honorary Graduates of the University Essex ac uk Archived from the original on 7 October 2012 Retrieved 4 November 2010 Lord Carrington Chancellor of the University of Reading University of Reading Rdg ac uk Retrieved 4 November 2010 honorary graduates of the university of reading University of Reading Rdg ac uk Retrieved 4 November 2010 Harvard University Commencement Some honorary degree recipients Commencement harvard edu Archived from the original on 24 January 2011 Retrieved 4 November 2010 Honorary Graduates of the University of Nottingham University of Nottingham Archived 7 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine Home Page Alumni Association Newcastle University Ncl ac uk Archived from the original on 6 March 2012 Retrieved 4 November 2010 Chancellor s choice honorary degrees for top 10 University of Oxford 21 November 2003 Archived 14 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine Kidd Charles Debrett s peerage amp Baronetage 2015 edition London 2015 p 220 with existing addition of couped although demi lions usually shown couped not erased Chesshyre Hubert 1996 The Friends of St George s amp Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Annual Review 1995 96 VII p 287 Kidd Charles Debrett s peerage amp Baronetage 2015 edition London 2015 p 220 amended by existing text adding further clarity namely on the body The charges are here not shown palewise in a vertical column as in the blazon Debrett s blazon makes no mention of beaked etc or as depicted Burke John 1832 A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage London H Colburn and R Bentley Volume 1 p 217 Retrieved 19 December 2013 Reflect On Things Past goodreads com Retrieved 6 September 2018 Further reading EditBennett Harry Lord Carrington 1979 82 in British Foreign Secretaries Since 1974 Routledge 2004 pp 131 154 Carrington Peter Alexander Rupert Carington Baron Reflect on things past The memoirs of Lord Carrington HarperCollins 1988 a primary source Kedourie Elie False inevitabilities American Scholar 1990 59 3 pp 462 468 review Novak Andrew Face saving maneuvers and strong third party mediation the Lancaster house conference on Zimbabwe Rhodesia International Negotiation 14 1 2009 149 174 online Sharp Paul The Thatcher Carrington Partnership in Thatcher s Diplomacy Palgrave Macmillan London 1997 pp 30 49 Tendi Blessing Miles Soldiers contra diplomats Britain s role in the Zimbabwe Rhodesia ceasefire 1979 1980 reconsidered Small Wars amp Insurgencies 26 6 2015 937 956 Yorke Edmund A Family Affair the Lancaster House Agreement in Diplomacy at the Highest Level Palgrave Macmillan 1996 pp 200 219 External links EditAnnouncement of his taking the oath under his new title at the House of Lords House of Lords minutes of proceedings 17 November 1999 Lord Carrington s views on the EU from the Daily Telegraph Thatcher s First Cabinet Imperial War Museum Interview NATO Declassified Lord Carrington biography Lord Carrington obituary Politics The Guardian The Papers of Lord Carrington held at Churchill Archives Centre CambridgePolitical officesPreceded byThe Earl of Listowel Arthur Champion Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries 1951 1954 Served alongside Richard Nugent Succeeded byRichard Nugent The Earl St AldwynPreceded byNigel Birch Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Defence 1954 1956 Succeeded byThe Earl of GosfordPreceded byThe Earl of Selkirk First Lord of the Admiralty 1959 1963 Succeeded byThe Earl JellicoePreceded byBill Deedes Minister without Portfolio 1963 1964 Succeeded byGeorge ThomsonPreceded byThe Viscount Hailsham Leader of the House of Lords 1963 1964 Succeeded byThe Earl of LongfordPreceded byDenis Healey Secretary of State for Defence 1970 1974 Succeeded byIan GilmourNew office Secretary of State for Energy 1974 Succeeded byEric VarleyPreceded byDavid Owen Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1979 1982 Succeeded byFrancis PymDiplomatic postsPreceded bySir Stephen Holmes High Commissioner to Australia 1956 1959 Succeeded bySir William OliverPreceded byJoseph Luns Secretary General of NATO 1984 1988 Succeeded byManfred WornerParty political officesPreceded byThe Viscount Hailsham Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords 1963 1970 Succeeded byThe Earl JellicoePreceded byPeter Thomas Chairman of the Conservative Party 1972 1974 Succeeded byWilliam WhitelawPreceded byThe Lord Windlesham Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords 1974 1979 Succeeded byThe Lord SoamesAcademic officesPreceded byThe Lord Sherfield Chancellor of the University of Reading 1992 2007 Succeeded byJohn MadejskiHonorary titlesPreceded byThe Marquess of Abergavenny Chancellor of the Order of the Garter 1994 2012 Succeeded byThe Duke of AbercornPreceded byThe Earl Jellicoe Longest serving member in the House of Lords 2007 2018 Succeeded byThe Lord DenhamPeerage of Great BritainPreceded byRupert Carington Baron Carrington 3rd creation 1938 2018 Member of the House of Lords 1940 2018 Succeeded byRupert CaringtonPeerage of IrelandPreceded byRupert Carington Baron Carrington 1938 2018 Succeeded byRupert Carington Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Peter Carington 6th Baron Carrington amp oldid 1053216654, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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