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Peter Sutherland

For the Scottish explorer, see Peter Cormac Sutherland.

Peter Denis Sutherland (25 April 1946 – 7 January 2018) was an Irish businessman, barrister and Fine Gael politician who served as UN Special Representative for International Migration from 2006 to 2017. He was known for serving in a variety of international organisations, political and business roles.

Peter Sutherland
Official portrait, 1985
UN Special Representative for International Migration
In office
12 January 2006 – 9 March 2017
Secretary-General
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byLouise Arbour
Chairman of Goldman Sachs
In office
1 July 1995 – 1 May 2015
Preceded byEdith W. Cooper
Succeeded byLloyd Blankfein
1st Director-General of the World Trade Organization
In office
1 July 1993 – 1 May 1995
Preceded byArthur Dunkel as Director-General of the GATT
Succeeded byRenato Ruggiero
European Commissioner for Competition
In office
7 January 1985 – 5 January 1989
PresidentJacques Delors
Preceded byFrans Andriessen
Succeeded byLeon Brittan
19th Attorney General of Ireland
In office
30 June 1981 – 9 March 1982
TaoiseachGarret FitzGerald
Preceded byAnthony J. Hederman
Succeeded byPatrick Connolly
In office
15 December 1982 – 12 December 1984
Preceded byJohn L. Murray
Succeeded byJohn Rogers
Personal details
Born
Peter Denis Sutherland

(1946-04-25)25 April 1946
Foxrock, Dublin, Ireland
Died7 January 2018(2018-01-07) (aged 71)
Dublin, Ireland
Resting placeKilternan Cemetery Park, Dublin, Ireland
Political partyFine Gael
Spouse(s)
Maruja
(m. 1971)​
Children3
EducationGonzaga College
Alma materUniversity College Dublin

Sutherland was the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration until March 2017. Appointed in January 2006, he was responsible for the creation of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD). He also served as President of the International Catholic Migration Commission, as well as a member of the Migration Advisory Board of the International Organization for Migration. He was a board member of Wallenberg-owned ABB and the Wallenbergs' conglomerate holding company, Investor AB.

A barrister by profession, Sutherland was a Senior Counsel of the Bar Council of Ireland. He previously served as Attorney General of Ireland (1981–1982, 1982–1984); European Commissioner for Competition (1985–1989); founding Director-General of the World Trade Organization, formerly GATT (1993–1995); and chairman of Goldman Sachs International (1995–2015). He received numerous awards including the European Person of the Year Award (1988).

Contents

Of Irish nationality, Sutherland was born in Dublin in 1946 and was educated at Gonzaga College in Ranelagh, Dublin. He was of partial Scottish ancestry. He graduated in Civil Law at University College Dublin and practised at the Irish Bar between 1969 and 1980. He married Maruja, a Spaniard, in 1974.

Attorney General of Ireland

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Sutherland was appointed Attorney General of Ireland in June 1981, serving until March 1982. He took the post again from December 1982 to December 1984.

European Commissioner

Sutherland was appointed to the European Commission (EC) in 1985 and had responsibility for competition policy and, initially for 1985 only, also for education. He said that he was especially pleased to have proposed the establishment of the Erasmus Programme that allows European university students to study in other member states.

He was chairman of the Committee that produced the Sutherland Report on the completion of the Internal Market of the European Economic Community (EEC), commissioned by the EC and presented to the European Council at its Edinburgh meeting in 1992.

He was the youngest ever European Commissioner and served in the first Delors Commission, where he played a crucial role in opening up competition across Europe, particularly the airline, telecoms, and energy sectors. He also played a major role in the reinforcement of state aid control, notably through the high-profile Boussac case.

In 1993, he became Director-General of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (now the World Trade Organization). Later Mickey Kantor, the United States Trade Representative, credited him with being the father of globalisation and said that without him there would have been no WTO. The Uruguay round of global trade talks, concluded in December 1993 with Sutherland as chair of GATT, produced a "comprehensive, rules-based and global trade regime" which was the biggest trade agreement in history and established the WTO. His integral role in the successful conclusion of these negotiations has been cited as "indispensable".:69 Chairing the Uruguay Round, Sutherland "employed tactics the likes of which had never been seen before in GATT…he worked to create the sense of unstoppable momentum" by mobilising the press and media and instigating "a more aggressive public relations than the staid GATT had ever before seen".:70

A 2013 book by Craig VanGrasstek of the Harvard Kennedy School, published by the WTO, The History and Future of the World Trade Organization, details Sutherland's role in the formation and establishment of the body.

On the elevation of the role of director-general, VanGrasstek writes "The office is shaped to a great degree by the person who occupies it, and Director-General Peter Sutherland – who served both as the last GATT director-general and the first WTO director-general – redefined the role and the links between that office and the leadership in the members in a way that gave him and his successors additional options for the conduct of negotiations".:46 Sutherland was instrumental in elevating the office of director-general to one that dealt directly with presidents and prime ministers, not just ministers, a key factor in the success of negotiations and the political esteem of the body going forward.:85 He served as Chairman of the Advisory Council to the Director-General that produced the report on the future of the WTO, published in 2005.

This section may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure.(August 2021) ()
Sutherland (centre) with IIE director C. Fred Bergsten and US deputy Treasury secretary Lawrence Summers at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos, 1997

Sutherland was the chairman of Allied Irish Banks (AIB) from 1989 until 1993.

He was also a non-executive director of controversial[how?] construction materials giant CRH plc from 1989 to July 1993. Given that his preceding job was European Competition Commissioner, this appointment proved to be somewhat of a dichotomy when CRH plc was fined in 1994 for its key role in the pan-European cement cartel(Case Number IV 33.126 AND 33.322).[clarify][citation needed]

He was non-executive chairman of Goldman Sachs International (a registered UK broker-dealer, a subsidiary of Goldman Sachs) until June 2015. Until June 2009 he was non-executive chairman of BP, being replaced by Carl-Henric Svanberg, formerly chief executive officer of Ericsson.[citation needed] Sutherland was a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group until he was asked to leave the board when it had to be taken over by the UK government to avoid bankruptcy.[citation needed] He also formerly served on the board of ABB.[citation needed]

He served on the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group until May 2014, and was Honorary Chairman of the Trilateral Commission (from 2010), formerly Chairman of the Trilateral Commission (Europe) (2001–2010); and vice chairman of the European Round Table of Industrialists (2006–2009).

He was chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Institute of Public Administration (Maastricht) from 1991 to 1996. He was also Honorary President of the European Movement Ireland.

He was a member of the Hong Kong Chief Executive's Council of International Advisers between 1998 and 2005.

He produced the Sutherland Report for the Portuguese government on the handover of Macao to China in January 2000.

He was President of the Federal Trust for Education and Research, a British think tank; chairman of The Ireland Fund of Great Britain from 2001 to 2009, part of The Ireland Funds; and a member of the advisory council of Business for New Europe, a British pro-European think-tank.

He was a member of the Commission on Human Security set up by the Japanese government that reported to the United Nations in 2003.

In 2005, he was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. In Spring 2006 he was appointed Chair of the London School of Economics (LSE) Council commencing in 2008, a position he held until February 2015.

Sutherland also served on the International Advisory Board of IESE Business School, the graduate business school of Spain's University of Navarra.

In January 2006, he was appointed by UN secretary-general Kofi Annan as his Special Representative for Migration. In this position, he was responsible for promoting the establishment of a Global Forum on Migration and Development, a state-led effort open to all UN members that is meant to help governments better understand how migration can benefit their development goals. The Global Forum was acclaimed by UN member states at the UN High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, in September 2006,and will be launched in Brussels in July 2007.[needs update]

On 5 December 2006, he was appointed as Consultor[check spelling] of the Extraordinary Section of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (a financial adviser to the Vatican).

On 22 January 2010 he said while in Dublin that Ireland could not afford seven comprehensive top tier universities with research capabilities.

In September 2010 ahead of the Irish government budget for 2011, Sutherland said of a proposed €3bn cut in expenditures, "The figure of €3 billion has been postulated as the improvement to be sought in the next budget". He continued: "We are told that this is all that the political system can bear, but if all the mainstream political parties accept that more is required – although disagreeing perhaps about where to find the €3 billion – and are prepared to say it, we can find a way." Sutherland said a default on state debts would leave the Government without the capacity to manage its affairs or raise finance. "It simply is not an option to choose", he added.

Sutherland was also co-chairman of the High Level Group appointed by the governments of Germany, the United Kingdom, Indonesia and Turkey to report on the conclusion of the Doha Round and the future of multilateral trade negotiations. Its report was issued in May 2011.

In May 2012, Sutherland was named Honorary President of the European Policy Centre, a Brussels-based independent think tank.

Sutherland in 2011

In an interview with The Irish Times in early 2010, Sutherland revealed that in summer 2009, during a holiday, one of his children noticed a swelling on his throat while they sat on a beach. Within a week he was back home in London undergoing a major operation. Sutherland had an operation for throat cancer in August 2009 and following the operation he underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

For Sutherland, a Europhile, the worst part about his illness was missing the "mortal combat" of fighting for the Yes vote in the second Lisbon referendum.

Sutherland visited Fianna Fáil politician Brian Lenihan to tell him what a great job he thought he was doing and to say that Lenihan had the potential to be one of the great taoisigh of the 21st century. Lenihan was taken aback, he said. Sutherland believed Ireland failed in economic terms over most of the past four decades with the exception of a "sparkling period" from 1994 to 2002 when the state took advantage of European Union (EU) changes freeing up the movement of goods, capital and services across Europe.

Outside banking, Sutherland in early 2010 finished a 13-year stint as chairman of BP, Europe's largest oil company. At one point during his tenure, the company was valued on the stock market at £236 billion (it is currently[when?] worth about £120 billion) and was making £42 million a day in profits.

He was twice offered the job of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by Kofi Annan, a fact, he said, that he had never disclosed publicly before, but he declined both times due to other commitments. He cited his work at GATT and the introduction of the Erasmus student exchange programme when he briefly held the education portfolio at the Commission in 1986 as his two most rewarding achievements.

Regarding the next stage of his career, Surtherland disclosed that he decided to join three boards – at German insurer Allianz; Koç Holding, Turkey's largest conglomerate; and a shipping company, BW Shipping located in Singapore.

In November 2010, he renewed his involvement in trade issues when he was appointed co-chair of an Experts Group, created by the heads of government of Germany, Great Britain, Indonesia and Turkey, to report on the priority actions to be taken to combat protectionism and to boost global trade. The Trade Experts Group's interim report was launched at Davos on 28 January 2011.

In September 2016, Sutherland suffered a heart attack while on his way to mass at a Catholic church in London. Six months later, he resigned from his post as UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for International Migration because of poor health.[citation needed] After a long illness, Sutherland died in Dublin on 7 January 2018, of complications from an infection, aged 71.

Sutherland strongly advocated unrestricted immigration into the EU. Sutherland gave his opinion to the UK's House of Lords Home Affairs Committee on 21 June 2012 as being (a) that "at the most basic level individuals should have freedom of choice" about working and studying in other countries and that EU states should stop targeting "highly skilled" migrants (and, conversely, placing restrictions on low-skilled migrants). Sutherland also argued (b) that migration is a "crucial dynamic for economic growth" and that this is the case "however difficult it may be to explain this to the citizens of those states". Sutherland's stated opinions on policy were (a) that "it was fundamentally important for states to cooperate on migration policy rather than developing their own policies in isolation as 'no state is or can be an island'" (b) that multiculturalism is both inevitable and desirable: "It's impossible to consider that the degree of homogeneity which is implied by the other argument can survive because states have to become more open states, in terms of the people who inhabit them" and also (c) that "the European Union, in my view, should be doing its best to undermine" any "sense of our homogeneity and difference from others". An ageing or declining native population in countries like Germany or southern EU states was the "key argument and, I hesitate to the use word because people have attacked it, for the development of multicultural states", he added.

Sutherland restated his view in the syndicated article co-authored with Cecilia Malmström titled "Europe's Immigration Challenge", the opening paragraph of which declares:

Europe faces an immigration predicament. Mainstream politicians, held hostage by xenophobic parties, adopt anti-immigrant rhetoric to win over a fearful public, while the foreign-born are increasingly marginalized in schools, cities and at the workplace. Yet, despite high unemployment across much of the Continent, too many employers lack the workers they need. Engineers, doctors and nurses are in short supply; so, too, are farmhands and health aides. And Europe can never have enough entrepreneurs, whose ideas drive economies and create jobs.

In June 2014, Sutherland was appointed President of the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC).

Sutherland received a total of fifteen honorary doctorates from universities in Europe and America.

Orders

His awards include:

Other

  1. "United Nations Population Division | Department of Economic and Social Affairs". www.un.org. Retrieved18 August 2021.
  2. "Secretary-General Appoints Louise Arbour of Canada Special Representative for International Migration | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org (Press release). Retrieved24 April 2017.
  3. "WTO | former director-general Peter Sutherland". Retrieved18 August 2021.
  4. Noonan, Laura (20 May 2015)."Peter Sutherland bows out as Goldman Sachs International chairman". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021. Retrieved1 March 2016.
  5. "Biography". Peter Sutherland. Retrieved26 August 2021.
  6. Egan, Barry (4 October 2009). "Private jets fly south for Sutherland marriage". Irish Independent. Retrieved18 August 2021.
  7. "Peter Sutherland: Former attorney general who headed world trade body". The Irish Times. 7 January 2018. Retrieved18 August 2021.
  8. "Katherine Donnelly: A world of opportunity has opened up for all". Irish Independent. 18 September 2017. Retrieved18 August 2021.
  9. Sutherland, Peter (1992). The Internal Market after 1992: Meeting the Challenge. Report presented to the Commission by the High Level Group on the functioning of the Internal Market. (commonly called the Sutherland Report). Archive of European Integration (Report). Retrieved18 August 2021.
  10. Warlouzet, Laurent (2017). Governing Europe in a Globalizing World. Neoliberalism and its Alternatives following the 1973 Oil Crisis. London: Routledge. pp. 171–3. ISBN 978-1-138-72942-1.
  11. "Leadership at a Time of Transition and Turbulence – A conversation with Peter Sutherland KCMG". Barnard's Inn: Gresham College. 8 March 2011. Retrieved19 August 2021.
  12. Heydon, Kenneth; Woolcock, Stephen (2012). The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy(PDF). Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-4094-5637-7. Archived from the original(PDF) on 8 January 2016.
  13. VanGrasstek, Craig (1 July 2013). The History and Future of the World Trade Organization. Geneva: World Trade Organization. doi:10.30875/14b6987e-en. ISBN 978-92-870-3871-5.
  14. The Future of the WTO(PDF) (Report). 2005. Retrieved19 August 2021.
  15. "Chairman of Allied Irish Banks". Peter Sutherland. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
  16. "Governance". Bilderberg Meetings. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  17. "Trilateral Commission Membership". Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  18. "European Round Table of Industrialists". Archived from the original on 10 March 2008.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  19. "Public Management and European Governance: The Role of EIPA"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved18 July 2011.
  20. "European Movement Ireland". Archived from the original on 8 December 2008.
  21. "CE discusses economic issues with international advisers" (Press release). 6 November 2003. Retrieved27 August 2010.
  22. "Macau in the context of EU-China relations"(PDF). Archived from the original on 6 October 2011.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  23. "The Ireland Fund of Great Britain – Events – 2007". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008.
  24. "BNE Party Conference Programme". Business for New Europe. Archived from the original on 12 April 2010. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  25. "Final Report of the Commission". Archived from the original on 16 May 2003.
  26. "BP Chairman Peter Sutherland UNIDO Goodwill Ambassador". Vienna, Austria: United Nations Industrial Development Organization. 2 March 2005. Archived from the original on 24 March 2008. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  27. "Lecture by Peter Sutherland, Wednesday 22 November" (Press release). LSE. 23 November 2006. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  28. "Prince of Spain Welcomes IESE Advisory Board Members". IESE News. IESE Business School. 21 April 2006. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved30 August 2010.
  29. Martinson, Jane (19 January 2007). "OK, he chairs BP, but really he wants to run Europe". The Guardian. Retrieved18 August 2021.
  30. "Call for higher education system reform". RTÉ News. 22 January 2010. Retrieved23 August 2021.
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  32. "Call for fewer universities". The Irish Times. 22 January 2010. Retrieved23 August 2021.
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  42. "EU should 'undermine national homogeneity' says UN migration chief". BBC News. 21 June 2012. Retrieved24 August 2021.
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Legal offices
Preceded by
Anthony J. Hederman
Attorney General of Ireland
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Patrick Connolly
Preceded by
John L. Murray
Attorney General of Ireland
1982–1984
Succeeded by
John Rogers
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Burke
Irish European Commissioner
1985–1989
Succeeded by
Ray MacSharry
Preceded by
Frans Andriessen
European Commissioner for Competition
1985–1989
Succeeded by
Leon Brittan
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Arthur Dunkel
as Director-General of the GATT
Director-General of the World Trade Organization
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Renato Ruggiero
Civic offices
Preceded by
Otto Graf Lambsdorff
European Group Chairman of the Trilateral Commission
2001–2010
Succeeded by
Mario Monti

Peter Sutherland
peter, sutherland, language, watch, edit, scottish, explorer, peter, cormac, sutherland, peter, denis, sutherland, april, 1946, january, 2018, irish, businessman, barrister, fine, gael, politician, served, special, representative, international, migration, fro. Peter Sutherland Language Watch Edit For the Scottish explorer see Peter Cormac Sutherland Peter Denis Sutherland 25 April 1946 7 January 2018 was an Irish businessman barrister and Fine Gael politician who served as UN Special Representative for International Migration from 2006 to 2017 He was known for serving in a variety of international organisations political and business roles Peter Sutherland GCIH KCMG SCOfficial portrait 1985UN Special Representative for International MigrationIn office 12 January 2006 9 March 2017Secretary GeneralKofi AnnanBan Ki moonAntonio GuterresPreceded byNew officeSucceeded byLouise ArbourChairman of Goldman SachsIn office 1 July 1995 1 May 2015Preceded byEdith W CooperSucceeded byLloyd Blankfein1st Director General of the World Trade OrganizationIn office 1 July 1993 1 May 1995Preceded byArthur Dunkel as Director General of the GATTSucceeded byRenato RuggieroEuropean Commissioner for CompetitionIn office 7 January 1985 5 January 1989PresidentJacques DelorsPreceded byFrans AndriessenSucceeded byLeon Brittan19th Attorney General of IrelandIn office 30 June 1981 9 March 1982TaoiseachGarret FitzGeraldPreceded byAnthony J HedermanSucceeded byPatrick ConnollyIn office 15 December 1982 12 December 1984Preceded byJohn L MurraySucceeded byJohn RogersPersonal detailsBornPeter Denis Sutherland 1946 04 25 25 April 1946 Foxrock Dublin IrelandDied7 January 2018 2018 01 07 aged 71 Dublin IrelandResting placeKilternan Cemetery Park Dublin IrelandPolitical partyFine GaelSpouse s Maruja m 1971 wbr Children3EducationGonzaga CollegeAlma materUniversity College Dublin Sutherland was the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for International Migration until March 2017 1 2 Appointed in January 2006 he was responsible for the creation of the Global Forum on Migration and Development GFMD 1 He also served as President of the International Catholic Migration Commission as well as a member of the Migration Advisory Board of the International Organization for Migration He was a board member of Wallenberg owned ABB and the Wallenbergs conglomerate holding company Investor AB A barrister by profession Sutherland was a Senior Counsel of the Bar Council of Ireland He previously served as Attorney General of Ireland 1981 1982 1982 1984 European Commissioner for Competition 1985 1989 founding Director General of the World Trade Organization 3 formerly GATT 1993 1995 and chairman of Goldman Sachs International 1995 2015 4 He received numerous awards including the European Person of the Year Award 1988 Contents 1 Early and personal life 2 Political career 2 1 Attorney General of Ireland 2 2 European Commissioner 3 GATT WTO 4 Business career 5 Later years 6 Death 7 Immigration policy 8 Honours awards and honorary doctorates 8 1 Orders 8 2 Other 9 References 10 External linksEarly and personal life EditOf Irish nationality Sutherland was born in Dublin in 1946 and was educated at Gonzaga College in Ranelagh Dublin He was of partial Scottish ancestry He graduated in Civil Law at University College Dublin and practised at the Irish Bar between 1969 and 1980 5 He married Maruja a Spaniard in 1974 6 Political career EditAttorney General of Ireland Edit This section needs expansion You can help by adding to it August 2021 Sutherland was appointed Attorney General of Ireland in June 1981 serving until March 1982 He took the post again from December 1982 to December 1984 7 European Commissioner Edit Sutherland was appointed to the European Commission EC in 1985 and had responsibility for competition policy and initially for 1985 only also for education He said that he was especially pleased to have proposed the establishment of the Erasmus Programme that allows European university students to study in other member states 8 He was chairman of the Committee that produced the Sutherland Report on the completion of the Internal Market of the European Economic Community EEC commissioned by the EC and presented to the European Council at its Edinburgh meeting in 1992 9 He was the youngest ever European Commissioner and served in the first Delors Commission where he played a crucial role in opening up competition across Europe particularly the airline telecoms and energy sectors He also played a major role in the reinforcement of state aid control notably through the high profile Boussac case 10 GATT WTO EditIn 1993 he became Director General of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade now the World Trade Organization Later Mickey Kantor the United States Trade Representative credited him with being the father of globalisation and said that without him there would have been no WTO 11 The Uruguay round of global trade talks concluded in December 1993 with Sutherland as chair of GATT produced a comprehensive rules based and global trade regime 12 which was the biggest trade agreement in history and established the WTO His integral role in the successful conclusion of these negotiations has been cited as indispensable 13 69 Chairing the Uruguay Round Sutherland employed tactics the likes of which had never been seen before in GATT he worked to create the sense of unstoppable momentum by mobilising the press and media and instigating a more aggressive public relations than the staid GATT had ever before seen 13 70 A 2013 book by Craig VanGrasstek of the Harvard Kennedy School published by the WTO The History and Future of the World Trade Organization 13 details Sutherland s role in the formation and establishment of the body On the elevation of the role of director general VanGrasstek writes The office is shaped to a great degree by the person who occupies it and Director General Peter Sutherland who served both as the last GATT director general and the first WTO director general redefined the role and the links between that office and the leadership in the members in a way that gave him and his successors additional options for the conduct of negotiations 13 46 Sutherland was instrumental in elevating the office of director general to one that dealt directly with presidents and prime ministers not just ministers a key factor in the success of negotiations and the political esteem of the body going forward 13 85 He served as Chairman of the Advisory Council to the Director General that produced the report on the future of the WTO published in 2005 14 Business career EditThis section may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia s layout guidelines Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure August 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Sutherland centre with IIE director C Fred Bergsten and US deputy Treasury secretary Lawrence Summers at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos 1997 Sutherland was the chairman of Allied Irish Banks AIB from 1989 until 1993 15 3 He was also a non executive director of controversial how construction materials giant CRH plc from 1989 to July 1993 Given that his preceding job was European Competition Commissioner this appointment proved to be somewhat of a dichotomy when CRH plc was fined in 1994 for its key role in the pan European cement cartel Case Number IV 33 126 AND 33 322 clarify citation needed He was non executive chairman of Goldman Sachs International a registered UK broker dealer a subsidiary of Goldman Sachs until June 2015 Until June 2009 he was non executive chairman of BP being replaced by Carl Henric Svanberg formerly chief executive officer of Ericsson citation needed Sutherland was a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group until he was asked to leave the board when it had to be taken over by the UK government to avoid bankruptcy citation needed He also formerly served on the board of ABB citation needed He served on the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group until May 2014 16 and was Honorary Chairman of the Trilateral Commission from 2010 formerly Chairman of the Trilateral Commission Europe 2001 2010 17 and vice chairman of the European Round Table of Industrialists 2006 2009 18 He was chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Institute of Public Administration Maastricht from 1991 to 1996 19 He was also Honorary President of the European Movement Ireland 20 He was a member of the Hong Kong Chief Executive s Council of International Advisers between 1998 and 2005 21 He produced the Sutherland Report for the Portuguese government on the handover of Macao to China in January 2000 22 He was President of the Federal Trust for Education and Research a British think tank chairman of The Ireland Fund of Great Britain from 2001 to 2009 part of The Ireland Funds 23 and a member of the advisory council of Business for New Europe a British pro European think tank 24 He was a member of the Commission on Human Security set up by the Japanese government that reported to the United Nations in 2003 25 In 2005 he was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization 26 In Spring 2006 he was appointed Chair of the London School of Economics LSE Council commencing in 2008 27 a position he held until February 2015 Sutherland also served on the International Advisory Board of IESE Business School 28 the graduate business school of Spain s University of Navarra In January 2006 he was appointed by UN secretary general Kofi Annan as his Special Representative for Migration In this position he was responsible for promoting the establishment of a Global Forum on Migration and Development a state led effort open to all UN members that is meant to help governments better understand how migration can benefit their development goals The Global Forum was acclaimed by UN member states at the UN High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in September 2006 and will be launched in Brussels in July 2007 needs update On 5 December 2006 he was appointed as Consultor check spelling of the Extraordinary Section of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See a financial adviser to the Vatican 29 On 22 January 2010 he said while in Dublin that Ireland could not afford seven comprehensive top tier universities with research capabilities 30 31 32 In September 2010 ahead of the Irish government budget for 2011 Sutherland said of a proposed 3bn cut in expenditures The figure of 3 billion has been postulated as the improvement to be sought in the next budget He continued We are told that this is all that the political system can bear but if all the mainstream political parties accept that more is required although disagreeing perhaps about where to find the 3 billion and are prepared to say it we can find a way Sutherland said a default on state debts would leave the Government without the capacity to manage its affairs or raise finance It simply is not an option to choose he added 33 Sutherland was also co chairman of the High Level Group appointed by the governments of Germany the United Kingdom Indonesia and Turkey to report on the conclusion of the Doha Round and the future of multilateral trade negotiations Its report was issued in May 2011 34 In May 2012 Sutherland was named Honorary President of the European Policy Centre 35 a Brussels based independent think tank 36 Later years Edit Sutherland in 2011 In an interview with The Irish Times in early 2010 37 Sutherland revealed that in summer 2009 during a holiday one of his children noticed a swelling on his throat while they sat on a beach Within a week he was back home in London undergoing a major operation Sutherland had an operation for throat cancer in August 2009 and following the operation he underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy 37 For Sutherland a Europhile the worst part about his illness was missing the mortal combat of fighting for the Yes vote in the second Lisbon referendum 37 Sutherland visited Fianna Fail politician Brian Lenihan to tell him what a great job he thought he was doing and to say that Lenihan had the potential to be one of the great taoisigh of the 21st century Lenihan was taken aback he said Sutherland believed Ireland failed in economic terms over most of the past four decades with the exception of a sparkling period from 1994 to 2002 when the state took advantage of European Union EU changes freeing up the movement of goods capital and services across Europe 37 Outside banking Sutherland in early 2010 finished a 13 year stint as chairman of BP Europe s largest oil company At one point during his tenure the company was valued on the stock market at 236 billion it is currently when worth about 120 billion and was making 42 million a day in profits 37 He was twice offered the job of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by Kofi Annan a fact he said that he had never disclosed publicly before but he declined both times due to other commitments He cited his work at GATT and the introduction of the Erasmus student exchange programme when he briefly held the education portfolio at the Commission in 1986 as his two most rewarding achievements 37 Regarding the next stage of his career Surtherland disclosed that he decided to join three boards at German insurer Allianz Koc Holding Turkey s largest conglomerate and a shipping company BW Shipping located in Singapore 37 In November 2010 he renewed his involvement in trade issues when he was appointed co chair of an Experts Group created by the heads of government of Germany Great Britain Indonesia and Turkey to report on the priority actions to be taken to combat protectionism and to boost global trade The Trade Experts Group s interim report was launched at Davos on 28 January 2011 38 Death EditIn September 2016 Sutherland suffered a heart attack while on his way to mass at a Catholic church in London 39 Six months later he resigned from his post as UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for International Migration because of poor health citation needed After a long illness Sutherland died in Dublin on 7 January 2018 of complications from an infection aged 71 40 Immigration policy EditSutherland strongly advocated unrestricted immigration into the EU Sutherland gave his opinion to the UK s House of Lords Home Affairs Committee on 21 June 2012 as being a that at the most basic level individuals should have freedom of choice about working and studying in other countries and that EU states should stop targeting highly skilled migrants and conversely placing restrictions on low skilled migrants Sutherland also argued b that migration is a crucial dynamic for economic growth and that this is the case however difficult it may be to explain this to the citizens of those states Sutherland s stated opinions on policy were a that it was fundamentally important for states to cooperate on migration policy rather than developing their own policies in isolation as no state is or can be an island 41 b that multiculturalism is both inevitable and desirable It s impossible to consider that the degree of homogeneity which is implied by the other argument can survive because states have to become more open states in terms of the people who inhabit them and also c that the European Union in my view should be doing its best to undermine any sense of our homogeneity and difference from others An ageing or declining native population in countries like Germany or southern EU states was the key argument and I hesitate to the use word because people have attacked it for the development of multicultural states he added 42 Sutherland restated his view in the syndicated article co authored with Cecilia Malmstrom titled Europe s Immigration Challenge the opening paragraph of which declares Europe faces an immigration predicament Mainstream politicians held hostage by xenophobic parties adopt anti immigrant rhetoric to win over a fearful public while the foreign born are increasingly marginalized in schools cities and at the workplace Yet despite high unemployment across much of the Continent too many employers lack the workers they need Engineers doctors and nurses are in short supply so too are farmhands and health aides And Europe can never have enough entrepreneurs whose ideas drive economies and create jobs 43 In June 2014 Sutherland was appointed President of the International Catholic Migration Commission ICMC 44 Honours awards and honorary doctorates EditSutherland received a total of fifteen honorary doctorates from universities in Europe and America 5 Orders Edit His awards include 5 Grand Cross of Order of Civil Merit Spain 1989 Knight of the Legion of Honour France 1993 Grand Cross of Order of Leopold II Belgium 1989 Commandeur of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite Morocco 1994 Order of Rio Branco Brazil 1996 Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique Portugal 1998 Honorary Knighthood of the Order of St Michael and St George UK 2004 Knight Commander of the Order of St Gregory con placca Holy See 2008 Knight Commander s cross Order of the Polar Star Sweden 2014 Other Edit Honorary Fellow of OXONIA The Oxford Institute for Economic Policy 45 Honorary Doctorate of Law St Louis University 1985 The Gold Medal of the European Parliament 1988 Robert Schuman Medal EPP Group 1988 The First European Law Prize Paris 1988 European Person of the Year Award 1988 The David Rockefeller International Leadership Award 1998 The Irish People of the Year Award 1989 New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal 1990 Honorary Doctorate of Law National University of Ireland 1990 46 The Consumer for World Trade Annual Award 1994 Honorary Doctorate of Law University of Bath 1995 The Dean s Medal Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania 1996 Honorary Doctorate of Law University of Reading 1997 47 Honorary Doctorate of Law University of Nottingham 1999 Honorary Doctorate of Law University of Exeter 2000 48 Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement 2002 presented by the Taoiseach Bertie Ahern at the International Achievement Summit in Dublin 49 50 Foundation Day Medal University College Dublin 2004 Honorary Doctorate of Law Queen s University Belfast 2004 51 Honorary Doctorate of Letters University of Sussex 2008 52 Lifetime Achievement Award Ireland Chamber of Commerce USA 2009 53 Honorary Fellowship of the London School of Business Honorary Vice President of the University College Dublin Law Society 2011 Honorary Fellow of St Benet s Hall Oxford 2013 University College Dublin law school was renamed the Sutherland School of Law in his honour following his financial contribution to the newly completed law teaching facility 2013 54 55 UCD Economics Society Thomas Kettle Award 2016 References Edit a b United Nations Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs www un org Retrieved 18 August 2021 Secretary General Appoints Louise Arbour of Canada Special Representative for International Migration Meetings Coverage and Press Releases www un org Press release Retrieved 24 April 2017 a b WTO former director general Peter Sutherland Retrieved 18 August 2021 Noonan Laura 20 May 2015 Peter Sutherland bows out as Goldman Sachs International chairman Financial Times ISSN 0307 1766 Archived from the original on 26 August 2021 Retrieved 1 March 2016 a b c Biography Peter Sutherland Retrieved 26 August 2021 Egan Barry 4 October 2009 Private jets fly south for Sutherland marriage Irish Independent Retrieved 18 August 2021 Peter Sutherland Former attorney general who headed world trade body The Irish Times 7 January 2018 Retrieved 18 August 2021 Katherine Donnelly A world of opportunity has opened up for all Irish Independent 18 September 2017 Retrieved 18 August 2021 Sutherland Peter 1992 The Internal Market after 1992 Meeting the Challenge Report presented to the Commission by the High Level Group on the functioning of the Internal Market commonly called the Sutherland Report Archive of European Integration Report Retrieved 18 August 2021 Warlouzet Laurent 2017 Governing Europe in a Globalizing World Neoliberalism and its Alternatives following the 1973 Oil Crisis London Routledge pp 171 3 ISBN 978 1 138 72942 1 Leadership at a Time of Transition and Turbulence A conversation with Peter Sutherland KCMG Barnard s Inn Gresham College 8 March 2011 Retrieved 19 August 2021 Heydon Kenneth Woolcock Stephen 2012 The Ashgate Research Companion to International Trade Policy PDF Ashgate Publishing Ltd p 58 ISBN 978 1 4094 5637 7 Archived from the original PDF on 8 January 2016 a b c d e VanGrasstek Craig 1 July 2013 The History and Future of the World Trade Organization Geneva World Trade Organization doi 10 30875 14b6987e en ISBN 978 92 870 3871 5 The Future of the WTO PDF Report 2005 Retrieved 19 August 2021 Chairman of Allied Irish Banks Peter Sutherland Archived from the original on 3 December 2013 Governance Bilderberg Meetings Archived from the original on 11 March 2014 Retrieved 30 August 2010 Trilateral Commission Membership Archived from the original on 13 June 2010 Retrieved 30 August 2010 European Round Table of Industrialists Archived from the original on 10 March 2008 CS1 maint unfit URL link Public Management and European Governance The Role of EIPA PDF Archived from the original PDF on 27 September 2011 Retrieved 18 July 2011 European Movement Ireland Archived from the original on 8 December 2008 CE discusses economic issues with international advisers Press release 6 November 2003 Retrieved 27 August 2010 Macau in the context of EU China relations PDF Archived from the original on 6 October 2011 CS1 maint unfit URL link The Ireland Fund of Great Britain Events 2007 Archived from the original on 7 December 2008 BNE Party Conference Programme Business for New Europe Archived from the original on 12 April 2010 Retrieved 30 August 2010 Final Report of the Commission Archived from the original on 16 May 2003 BP Chairman Peter Sutherland UNIDO Goodwill Ambassador Vienna Austria United Nations Industrial Development Organization 2 March 2005 Archived from the original on 24 March 2008 Retrieved 30 August 2010 Lecture by Peter Sutherland Wednesday 22 November Press release LSE 23 November 2006 Archived from the original on 7 December 2008 Retrieved 30 August 2010 Prince of Spain Welcomes IESE Advisory Board Members IESE News IESE Business School 21 April 2006 Archived from the original on 23 April 2008 Retrieved 30 August 2010 Martinson Jane 19 January 2007 OK he chairs BP but really he wants to run Europe The Guardian Retrieved 18 August 2021 Call for higher education system reform RTE News 22 January 2010 Retrieved 23 August 2021 Flynn Sean 23 January 2010 Sutherland says number of universities must be cut The Irish Times Retrieved 23 August 2021 Call for fewer universities The Irish Times 22 January 2010 Retrieved 23 August 2021 Carswell Simon 25 September 2010 3bn in cuts not enough Sutherland The Irish Times Retrieved 23 August 2021 Final Report of the High Level Trade Experts Group Report BIS Archived from the original on 28 May 2011 Named Honorary President of the European Policy Centre Peter Sutherland Retrieved 26 August 2021 EPC European Policy Centre Independent think tank Archived from the original on 11 October 2013 a b c d e f g The ultimate social networker The Irish Times 30 January 2010 Retrieved 24 August 2021 DAVOS 2011 Trade Experts Group Report Launched ACET 3 February 2011 Archived from the original on 11 August 2011 Tributes paid to former attorney general Sutherland RTE News 7 January 2018 Retrieved 26 August 2021 Peter Sutherland former Irish attorney general dies aged 71 BBC News 7 January 2018 Retrieved 24 August 2021 The EU s Global Approach to Migration and Mobility PDF UK Parliament p 48 Retrieved 20 June 2013 EU should undermine national homogeneity says UN migration chief BBC News 21 June 2012 Retrieved 24 August 2021 Sutherland Peter amp Cecilia Malmstrom 20 July 2012 Europe s Immigration Challenge Project Syndicate Retrieved 18 August 2021 Appointed President of the International Catholic Migration Commission Peter Sutherland Retrieved 26 August 2021 Oxonia gt Who We Are gt People Retrieved 26 August 2021 Aguisini Appendices PDF www nui ie Retrieved 26 August 2021 Honorary degrees Times Higher Education THE 25 July 1997 Retrieved 26 August 2021 Robinson Debbie n d Honorary Graduates of the University Calendar University of Exeter Retrieved 26 August 2021 Golden Plate Awardees Academy of Achievement Retrieved 26 August 2021 Summits Academy of Achievement Retrieved 26 August 2021 Royal Irish Academy Annual Report 2002 2003 Report Archived from the original on 3 June 2013 Lord Attenborough bows out at Summer Graduation archive sussex ac uk Press release 24 July 2008 Retrieved 26 August 2021 The Ireland Chamber The American Celtic Ball Honorees 2008 Archived from the original on 21 January 2011 Minister gives green light for new school of law at UCD UCD News 31 July 2008 Retrieved 18 August 2021 UCD officially opens 25 million Law School named after Peter Sutherland UCD News 2 December 2013 Retrieved 18 August 2021 External links EditLord Woolf s Inquiry into the LSE and Libya March 2011 The Archive of Peter Sutherland Peter Sutherland s Commission Papers and three interviews with him INT670 INT273 and INT274 deposited at the Historical Archives of the European UnionLegal officesPreceded by Anthony J Hederman Attorney General of Ireland 1981 1982 Succeeded by Patrick ConnollyPreceded by John L Murray Attorney General of Ireland 1982 1984 Succeeded by John RogersPolitical officesPreceded by Richard Burke Irish European Commissioner 1985 1989 Succeeded by Ray MacSharryPreceded by Frans Andriessen European Commissioner for Competition 1985 1989 Succeeded by Leon BrittanNon profit organization positionsPreceded by Arthur Dunkel as Director General of the GATT Director General of the World Trade Organization 1993 1995 Succeeded by Renato RuggieroCivic officesPreceded by Otto Graf Lambsdorff European Group Chairman of the Trilateral Commission 2001 2010 Succeeded by Mario MontiRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Peter Sutherland amp oldid 1040974066, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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