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Wikipedia

Stefan Löfven

Kjell Stefan Löfven (Swedish pronunciation: ; officially Löfvén; born 21 July 1957) is a Swedish politician who has been prime minister of Sweden since October 2014, and as leader of the Social Democratic Party from 2012 to 2021.

His Excellency
Stefan Löfven
Löfven in 2017
Prime Minister of Sweden
Assumed office
3 October 2014
MonarchCarl XVI Gustaf
DeputyMargot Wallström
Morgan Johansson
Åsa Romson
Isabella Lövin
Per Bolund
Preceded byFredrik Reinfeldt
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
27 January 2012 – 4 November 2021
Secretary-GeneralCarin Jämtin
Lena Rådström Baastad
Preceded byHåkan Juholt
Succeeded byMagdalena Andersson
Leader of the Opposition
In office
27 January 2012 – 3 October 2014
MonarchCarl XVI Gustaf
Prime MinisterFredrik Reinfeldt
DeputyCarina Moberg
Mikael Damberg
Preceded byHåkan Juholt
Succeeded byFredrik Reinfeldt
Member of the Riksdag
for Västernorrland County
Assumed office
14 September 2014
Preceded byAgneta Lundberg
Personal details
Born
Kjell Stefan Löfvén

(1957-07-21)21 July 1957 (age 64)
Stockholm, Sweden
Political partySocial Democrats
Spouse(s)
(m. 2003)​
ResidenceSager House
Signature
Military service
AllegianceSweden
Branch/service Swedish Air Force
Years of service1976–1977
RankPrivate

After leaving school and completing military service in the Swedish Air Force, Löfven trained as welder and began employment as a metalworker. At the same time, he became an active trade unionist. He rose to become elected as an ombudsman within the Swedish Metalworkers' Union (SMU) and in January 2006, Löfven was elected the first Chairman of IF Metall, a new 'super' trade union formed after a number of smaller unions, including the SMU, voted to merge. After the resignation of Håkan Juholt, in January 2012, Löfven was unanimously selected by the executive board of the Social Democratic Party to take over as the party's new leader. This made Löfven the Leader of the Opposition, despite the fact that he did not have a seat in the Riksdag at the time.

Löfven led the Social Democrats into the 2014 election. Despite initial opinion poll leads, the party only gained a single seat; due to the poor performance of the governing Moderate Party losing 23 seats, Löfven was able to form a minority coalition government with the Green Party. He was appointed prime minister of Sweden on 3 October 2014. He went on to secure a second term in the aftermath of the inconclusive 2018 election, which saw both main parties suffer losses; after a months-long impasse that set a new record for government formation, Löfven was able to secure abstentions from MPs belonging to the Centre Party, the Left Party and the Liberals, and was re-elected as prime minister by the Riksdag in January 2019. On 21 June 2021, after the Left Party withdrew their support of the government, Löfven lost a confidence motion in the Riksdag, triggering a brief crisis, which was resolved on 5 July when Löfven announced that talks to reform the government had been successful, and two days later the Riksdag once again confirmed Löfven as prime minister in a vote. Dubbed a "political escape artist" and the "Harry Houdini of European politics", Löfven was able to successfully remain as Prime Minister at the helm of historically weak coalition governments in the turbulent Swedish political landscape from 2014.

On 22 August 2021, Löfven announced that he would retire as leader of the Social Democrats at the November party congress, and would resign as prime minister upon the election of his successor. In September 2021, it was confirmed that Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson would be the only candidate at the congress to replace Löfven. Andersson was elected party chairman on 4 November. Löfven officially resigned as prime minister on 10 November 2021 and will lead a caretaker government until his successor has been elected by the Riksdag.

Contents

Löfven was born 21 July 1957 in Aspudden, Stockholm, and his father died before he was born. He was placed in an orphanage before being looked after by a foster family from Sunnersta, Sollefteå, where he grew up. According to the agreement with this family, his birth mother would regain custody of him when she was able to; however, this did not happen.

His foster father Ture Melander (1926–2003) was a lumberjack and later a factory worker, while his foster mother, Iris Melander (née Söderlund, 1929–2020), worked as an in-home caregiver. He studied at Sollefteå High School before starting a 48-week welding course at Arbetsmarknadsutbildningen (AMU, Unemployment Career Training) in Kramfors, and it is unclear whether he completed the course. Löfven later studied social work at Umeå University, but dropped out after a year and a half.

After completing his compulsory military service (as common soldier but as Munitions Systems specialist Conscript) in the Swedish Air Force at the Jämtland Air Force Wing (F 4) airbase 1976–77, Löfven began his career in 1978 as a welder at Hägglunds in Örnsköldsvik. Two years later, he was chosen as the group's union representative, and went on to hold a succession of union posts. In 1995, he started as an employed ombudsman in the Swedish Metalworkers' Union, working in the areas of contract negotiations and international affairs. In 2001, he was elected vice-chairman of the Metalworkers' Union; in November 2005 was elected as the first chairman of the newly formed trade union IF Metall.

Löfven chosen as the Social Democratic Party's new leader, January 2012.

Löfven has been a member of the Social Democrats since the age of 13 and was active in SSU, the youth league, in his teens. Löfven was elected to the executive board of the Social Democrats in 2006, shortly after becoming chairman of trade union IF Metall.

Leader of the Social Democrats

In January 2012, following the resignation of Håkan Juholt, it was reported that Löfven was being considered as his successor. On 26 January 2012 the executive board nominated Löfven to become the party's new leader. On 27 January 2012, Löfven was elected Leader in a party-room ballot. Löfven was confirmed as party leader at the party's bi-annual congress on 4 April 2013.

Löfven led his party through the 2014 European Parliament election where the Social Democrats retained their position as the largest party from Sweden in the European Parliament. However, the election results at 24.19% was a slightly inferior result than the result in the 2009 European Parliament election; the party's seats in the European Parliament was reduced from six to five and the party's results was the lowest in an election at the national level since universal suffrage was introduced in 1921.

Stefan Löfven and his Cabinet on 3 October 2014.

Löfven led his party through the 2014 general election, which resulted in a hung parliament. Their election result of 31.0%, up from 30.7%, was slightly better than the result in the 2010 general election, but the result was also the party's second worst result in a general election to the Riksdag since universal suffrage was introduced in 1921.

He announced that he would form a minority coalition government consisting of his own party and the Green Party. On 2 October 2014, the Riksdag approved Löfven to become Prime Minister, and he took office on the following day, alongside his Cabinet. The Social Democrats and the Green Party voted in favour of Löfven becoming Prime Minister, while close ally the Left Party abstained. The opposition Alliance-parties also abstained while the far-right Sweden Democrats voted against.

Löfven expressed a desire for bipartisan agreement between the Government and the opposition Alliance parties, and together they marked three areas where enhanced cooperation would be initiated. These three areas were the pension system, future energy development, and security and defence policy.

Domestic policy

Carin Jämtin, Margot Wallström and Löfven at the Stockholm Pride parade in August 2014
Löfven with flowers the day after the 2017 Stockholm truck attack
Council of the European Union in December 2017

2014 budget crisis

The Government's first budget was introduced to the Riksdag on 23 October 2014. The Left Party, which had been given influence over the budget, supported it; however, the non-socialist coalition, the Alliance, introduced a competing budget to the Riksdag on 10 November, as they had promised prior to the 2014 election, and the Sweden Democrats also introduced their own budget on the same day.

According to Riksdag practice, the parties support their own budget and if their budget falls they abstain from voting in the second round. However, on 2 December, the far-right Sweden Democrats announced that, after their own budget fell in the first voting round, they would support the Alliance parties' budget in the second voting round, thus giving that budget a majority in the Riksdag. This caused a crisis for the newly elected Government, which was exacerbated after their own budget was voted down by the Alliance parties and the Sweden Democrats on 3 December. Löfven immediately announced that he would call an early election, to be held on 22 March 2015.

On 22 December, sources within the Riksdag leaked information that the Government was negotiating with the Alliance parties (the Moderate Party, Centre Party, Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats) to find a solution and to avoid a fresh election. On 27 December, the Government and the Alliance parties held a joint press conference where they announced that the six parties had reached an agreement designed to ensure that the Government's budgets would be voted through in the second round of voting. The agreement was dubbed "Decemberöverenskommelsen" (December Agreement), was called historical by Löfven and was agreed to remain in force until the 2022 election, regardless of the results of the 2018 election.[failed verification] Subsequently, Löfven announced that he no longer intended to call a snap election. The centre-right Alliance withdrew from the agreements in 2015, but allowed the minority government to continue governing.

2015 European migrant crisis

In 2015, when a rising number of refugees and migrants began to make the journey to the European Union to seek asylum, Europe was hit by a migrant crisis and Sweden received over 150,000 refugees in 2015.

During the autumn of 2015, the reception of refugees increased significantly to over 80,000 in two months and with terror group Islamic state rampage in the Middle East and the following attacks in Paris in November 2015, the Löfven cabinet significantly reverted Sweden's migration policy. On 23 October 2015, a bipartisan migration agreement was signed between the cabinet parties and the oppositional Moderate Party, the Centre Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats which included, among many other changes, temporary residency permits, total financial support requirements for family reunification and by law forcing municipalities to help with sheltering refugees in order to better distribute the burden across the country.

On 12 November 2015, the cabinet introduced temporary border controls with immediate effect. The cabinet also proposed identity checks for every individual passing the Danish–Swedish border and closing of the Öresund Bridge, giving up the latter on 8 December 2015 after severe criticism. On 17 December 2015, the Riksdag passed legislation to introduce identity checks with the votes 175 in favor, 39 against and 135 abstained. On 4 January 2016, identity checks were introduced, which meant that people who could not show a valid identity card, license or passport were not allowed to cross the border into Sweden, breaking with the Nordic Passport Union for the first time since 1954. Only twelve hours later the Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen announced that Denmark would implement temporary border controls along the German–Danish border with immediate effect as a consequence of Sweden's identity checks.

2017 national security crisis

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(October 2019)

In July 2017, it became known to the public that Maria Ågren, a former Director-General of the Swedish Transport Agency, had been investigated after having cleared confidential information threatening the security of the country. The act was made in connection with a procurement of IT services with a non-governmental company in 2015. Among the cleared data were wanted vehicles, armored vehicles, the entire Swedish vehicles register, Swedish company secrets, the Swedish police criminal record- and suspicion registers, the Swedish state's internal security system and information about agents within the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service.

Several days after it first became public, Löfven held a press conference on 24 July 2017 where he said that "there's been an accident at the Transport Agency". Responsible cabinet minister Anna Johansson said she had been aware of the situation since January 2017 and blamed her former state secretary Erik Bromander for not having informed her earlier. Cabinet ministers Anders Ygeman and Peter Hultqvist were reported to have been aware of the situation since the beginning of 2016, but chose not to inform the head of government.

All parties within the Swedish opposition have opened up for a vote of confidence against cabinet ministers Anna Johansson, Anders Ygeman and Peter Hultqvist in order to remove them from office, with some parties calling for vote of confidence against Löfven as Prime Minister. Such a vote would, if supported by several parties, result in a removal of the Löfven cabinet. In a press conference on 27 July Löfven announced a government reshuffling with Ygeman and Johansson resigning. He also stated that he would not resign himself over the incident.

Foreign policy

Löfven with Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, 11 February 2017
Löfven and other Nordic leaders with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm, 17 April 2018

In his Policy Statement, introduced to the Riksdag on 3 October 2014, Löfven said that his Government would recognise the State of Palestine. On 30 October 2014 the Government, through Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallström, announced that the Government had decided to officially recognize the State of Palestine and explained the recognition by saying that it is the only solution to get to a two-state solution between Israel and the State of Palestine. Sweden is the first country within the European Union to do so after gaining membership (with other members, such as Poland, withholding recognition previously issued under Communist rule). Israel called the move unconsidered and Israel recalled its ambassador, Isaac Bachman, following the recognition. Bachman returned to Sweden on 29 November 2014. In December 2015, Löfven caused outrage in Israel by claiming that stabbing attacks are not considered terrorism by international standards; he later revised his comment, explaining that it is now known that the stabbing attacks are sanctioned by some terror organisations.

Löfven with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the International Arctic Forum in Saint Petersburg, 9 April 2019

Löfven has said that the ongoing negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States are very important and that it is in Sweden's interest that the managed trade agreement is implemented. However, he has said that the managed trade agreement shall not aggravate social conditions or human rights, which should be a high priority while negotiating.

Löfven visited Iran in February 2017 and held talks with Ali Khamenei to improve economic relations.[citation needed]

Löfven has supported closer security cooperation with Saudi Arabia.

2018 general election

Stefan Löfven vowed to make the 2018 election a referendum about the welfare state. Despite poor opinion polling, the Social Democrats fared better than initially expected, winning 28.26 percent of the popular vote. The red-green bloc ended up having a slight advantage in a hung parliament of 144 seats to 143 for the centre-right coalition Alliansen. Löfven announced after the election results that he intended to remain as Prime Minister and called for the "burial of bloc politics" in Sweden.

However, on 25 September 2018, the Riksdag approved a motion of no confidence against Löfven with a 204–142 vote. Löfven remained in office as head of a caretaker government. While it initially looked as though the Alliance would be able to form a government, the Alliance's leaders subsequently failed to secure enough votes or abstentions to replace him.

After a record-long period of government formation, Löfven was eventually re-elected as Prime Minister on 18 January 2019, after an agreement was struck between the Social Democrats, Greens, Liberals, and Centre Party; the Left Party, which was not party to the agreement, decided to also abstain from voting against Löfven. The Left Party did however express reservation about the parts of the agreement concerning weakening employment rights against unfair dismissal and the removal of rent controls on new-build apartments, which had been the conditions of the Center and Liberal Parties, and threatened to withdraw their support if these were implemented. Nonetheless, the minority coalition government of the Social Democrats and Green Party was reformed. The second Löfven Government was sworn in on 21 January.

2021 government crisis

In June 2021, the Left Party declared that they did not have confidence in Löfven and his government and withdrew their support, following the publication of the report of the government's commission on removing rent controls on new-build apartments, as the Left Party had threatened in 2019. Subsequently, the Sweden Democrats put forward a motion of no confidence against Löfven and his cabinet. The motion was supported by other opposition parties, notably the Moderate Party and the Christian Democrats, though they are in favor of removing controls. Löfven called it irresponsible by the Left Party to throw the country into a “political crisis in the current situation”. The confidence vote was held on Monday, 21 June.

The Riksdag voted in favour of the vote of no confidence, with 181 votes in favour, 109 against, and 51 abstaining. It was the first time in Swedish history that a vote of no-confidence resulted in the fall of a government. The decision did not mean that the Löfven cabinet was dismissed immediately, as the Prime Minister has one week to either call a snap election or resign and ask the Speaker of the Riksdag to proceed with new formation talks. On 28 June, Löfven announced his resignation as Prime Minister, which meant that Speaker of the Riksdag, Andreas Norlén, needed to select someone to form a government. On 29 June, Norlén handed the task to the leader of the opposition, Ulf Kristersson, who two days later announced that he was not able to find enough seats to become Prime Minister. On 1 July 2021, Löfven was given a second chance to form a government with the deadline being 5 July. On that day, Norlén and Löfven held a press conference in the First Chamber of the Riksdag, which was the upper house of the bicameral Riksdag before it was made unicameral in 1970. Norlén announced that he approved of Löfven's government formation and that he will put forth a motion in the Riksdag to hold a vote to reappoint Löfven as Prime Minister the very same day. On 7 July, the Riksdag voted on Löfven's Prime Ministership. The vote ended with 116 votes in favor, 173 against, and 60 abstaining. Since the votes against did not attain the 175 vote threshold required to fail a motion of confidence in the Riksdag, Löfven was reinstated as Prime Minister.

Resignation

In his summer speech on 22 August 2021 in Runö in Åkersberga, Löfven announced that he would not be seeking re-election as party chairman at the Social Democratic Party Congress in November 2021, and that he would resign as prime minister upon the election of his successor. After several weeks of speculation, it was announced that Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson would be the only nominee to replace Löfven as leader; she is set to become Sweden's first female prime minister and will lead the party into the 2022 general election. On 10 November, Löfven tendered his resignation to Norlén, although the date for the confirmation vote of Andersson still hasn't been set yet.

Löfven enjoys sports and supports the ice hockey club Modo from Örnsköldsvik and the football clubs Tottenham Hotspur and GIF Sundsvall. He is married to politician and trade unionist Ulla Löfven and has 2 stepchildren. Löfven himself has no biological children.

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Trade union offices
Preceded by Chairman of IF Metall
2006–2012
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Social Democratic Party
2012–present
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Opposition
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Sweden
2014–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded byas Speaker of the Riksdag Swedish order of precedence
as Prime Minister
Succeeded byas Marshal of the Realm

Stefan Löfven
stefan, löfven, language, watch, edit, kjell, swedish, pronunciation, ˈstěːfan, lœˈveːn, officially, löfvén, born, july, 1957, swedish, politician, been, prime, minister, sweden, since, october, 2014, leader, social, democratic, party, from, 2012, 2021, excell. Stefan Lofven Language Watch Edit Kjell Stefan Lofven Swedish pronunciation ˈsteːfan lœˈveːn officially Lofven born 21 July 1957 is a Swedish politician who has been prime minister of Sweden since October 2014 and as leader of the Social Democratic Party from 2012 to 2021 2 His Excellency 1 Stefan LofvenSLofven in 2017Prime Minister of SwedenCaretakerAssumed office 3 October 2014MonarchCarl XVI GustafDeputyMargot Wallstrom Morgan Johansson Asa Romson Isabella Lovin Per BolundPreceded byFredrik ReinfeldtLeader of the Social Democratic PartyIn office 27 January 2012 4 November 2021Secretary GeneralCarin Jamtin Lena Radstrom BaastadPreceded byHakan JuholtSucceeded byMagdalena AnderssonLeader of the OppositionIn office 27 January 2012 3 October 2014MonarchCarl XVI GustafPrime MinisterFredrik ReinfeldtDeputyCarina Moberg Mikael DambergPreceded byHakan JuholtSucceeded byFredrik ReinfeldtMember of the Riksdag for Vasternorrland CountyIncumbentAssumed office 14 September 2014Preceded byAgneta LundbergPersonal detailsBornKjell Stefan Lofven 1957 07 21 21 July 1957 age 64 Stockholm SwedenPolitical partySocial DemocratsSpouse s Ulla Lofven m 2003 wbr ResidenceSager HouseSignatureMilitary serviceAllegiance SwedenBranch serviceSwedish Air ForceYears of service1976 1977RankPrivate After leaving school and completing military service in the Swedish Air Force Lofven trained as welder and began employment as a metalworker At the same time he became an active trade unionist He rose to become elected as an ombudsman within the Swedish Metalworkers Union SMU and in January 2006 Lofven was elected the first Chairman of IF Metall a new super trade union formed after a number of smaller unions including the SMU voted to merge After the resignation of Hakan Juholt in January 2012 Lofven was unanimously selected by the executive board of the Social Democratic Party to take over as the party s new leader This made Lofven the Leader of the Opposition despite the fact that he did not have a seat in the Riksdag at the time 3 4 Lofven led the Social Democrats into the 2014 election Despite initial opinion poll leads the party only gained a single seat due to the poor performance of the governing Moderate Party losing 23 seats Lofven was able to form a minority coalition government with the Green Party He was appointed prime minister of Sweden on 3 October 2014 He went on to secure a second term in the aftermath of the inconclusive 2018 election which saw both main parties suffer losses after a months long impasse that set a new record for government formation Lofven was able to secure abstentions from MPs belonging to the Centre Party the Left Party and the Liberals and was re elected as prime minister by the Riksdag in January 2019 On 21 June 2021 after the Left Party withdrew their support of the government Lofven lost a confidence motion in the Riksdag triggering a brief crisis which was resolved on 5 July when Lofven announced that talks to reform the government had been successful and two days later the Riksdag once again confirmed Lofven as prime minister in a vote 5 6 Dubbed a political escape artist and the Harry Houdini of European politics Lofven was able to successfully remain as Prime Minister at the helm of historically weak coalition governments in the turbulent Swedish political landscape from 2014 7 8 On 22 August 2021 Lofven announced that he would retire as leader of the Social Democrats at the November party congress and would resign as prime minister upon the election of his successor 9 In September 2021 it was confirmed that Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson would be the only candidate at the congress to replace Lofven 10 Andersson was elected party chairman on 4 November 11 Lofven officially resigned as prime minister on 10 November 2021 and will lead a caretaker government until his successor has been elected by the Riksdag 12 Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Trade unionist 3 Political career 3 1 Leader of the Social Democrats 4 Prime Minister of Sweden 2014 present 4 1 Domestic policy 4 1 1 2014 budget crisis 4 1 2 2015 European migrant crisis 4 1 3 2017 national security crisis 4 2 Foreign policy 4 3 2018 general election 4 4 2021 government crisis 4 5 Resignation 5 Personal life 6 References 7 External linksEarly life and education EditLofven was born 21 July 1957 in Aspudden Stockholm and his father died before he was born He was placed in an orphanage before being looked after by a foster family from Sunnersta Solleftea where he grew up According to the agreement with this family his birth mother would regain custody of him when she was able to however this did not happen 13 His foster father Ture Melander 1926 2003 was a lumberjack and later a factory worker while his foster mother Iris Melander nee Soderlund 1929 2020 14 worked as an in home caregiver 15 He studied at Solleftea High School before starting a 48 week welding course at Arbetsmarknadsutbildningen AMU Unemployment Career Training in Kramfors and it is unclear whether he completed the course Lofven later studied social work at Umea University but dropped out after a year and a half 13 Trade unionist EditAfter completing his compulsory military service as common soldier but as Munitions Systems specialist Conscript in the Swedish Air Force at the Jamtland Air Force Wing F 4 airbase 1976 77 Lofven began his career in 1978 as a welder at Hagglunds in Ornskoldsvik Two years later he was chosen as the group s union representative and went on to hold a succession of union posts In 1995 he started as an employed ombudsman in the Swedish Metalworkers Union working in the areas of contract negotiations and international affairs In 2001 he was elected vice chairman of the Metalworkers Union in November 2005 was elected as the first chairman of the newly formed trade union IF Metall 3 Political career Edit Lofven chosen as the Social Democratic Party s new leader January 2012 Lofven has been a member of the Social Democrats since the age of 13 and was active in SSU the youth league in his teens Lofven was elected to the executive board of the Social Democrats in 2006 shortly after becoming chairman of trade union IF Metall Leader of the Social Democrats Edit In January 2012 following the resignation of Hakan Juholt it was reported that Lofven was being considered as his successor On 26 January 2012 the executive board nominated Lofven to become the party s new leader 16 17 18 On 27 January 2012 Lofven was elected Leader in a party room ballot 19 20 Lofven was confirmed as party leader at the party s bi annual congress on 4 April 2013 21 Lofven led his party through the 2014 European Parliament election where the Social Democrats retained their position as the largest party from Sweden in the European Parliament However the election results at 24 19 was a slightly inferior result than the result in the 2009 European Parliament election the party s seats in the European Parliament was reduced from six to five 22 and the party s results was the lowest in an election at the national level since universal suffrage was introduced in 1921 Prime Minister of Sweden 2014 present EditMain articles Lofven I Cabinet Lofven II Cabinet and Lofven III Cabinet Stefan Lofven and his Cabinet on 3 October 2014 Lofven led his party through the 2014 general election which resulted in a hung parliament 23 Their election result of 31 0 up from 30 7 was slightly better than the result in the 2010 general election but the result was also the party s second worst result in a general election to the Riksdag since universal suffrage was introduced in 1921 He announced that he would form a minority coalition government consisting of his own party and the Green Party On 2 October 2014 the Riksdag approved Lofven to become Prime Minister and he took office on the following day alongside his Cabinet 24 The Social Democrats and the Green Party voted in favour of Lofven becoming Prime Minister while close ally the Left Party abstained The opposition Alliance parties also abstained while the far right Sweden Democrats voted against Lofven expressed a desire for bipartisan agreement between the Government and the opposition Alliance parties and together they marked three areas where enhanced cooperation would be initiated These three areas were the pension system future energy development and security and defence policy Domestic policy Edit Carin Jamtin Margot Wallstrom and Lofven at the Stockholm Pride parade in August 2014 Lofven with flowers the day after the 2017 Stockholm truck attack Council of the European Union in December 2017 2014 budget crisis Edit Main article 2014 Swedish government crisis The Government s first budget was introduced to the Riksdag on 23 October 2014 The Left Party which had been given influence over the budget supported it however the non socialist coalition the Alliance introduced a competing budget to the Riksdag on 10 November as they had promised prior to the 2014 election and the Sweden Democrats also introduced their own budget on the same day According to Riksdag practice the parties support their own budget and if their budget falls they abstain from voting in the second round However on 2 December the far right Sweden Democrats announced that after their own budget fell in the first voting round they would support the Alliance parties budget in the second voting round thus giving that budget a majority in the Riksdag This caused a crisis for the newly elected Government which was exacerbated after their own budget was voted down by the Alliance parties and the Sweden Democrats on 3 December Lofven immediately announced that he would call an early election to be held on 22 March 2015 25 On 22 December sources within the Riksdag leaked information that the Government was negotiating with the Alliance parties the Moderate Party Centre Party Liberal People s Party and the Christian Democrats to find a solution and to avoid a fresh election 26 On 27 December the Government and the Alliance parties held a joint press conference where they announced that the six parties had reached an agreement designed to ensure that the Government s budgets would be voted through in the second round of voting The agreement was dubbed Decemberoverenskommelsen December Agreement was called historical by Lofven and was agreed to remain in force until the 2022 election regardless of the results of the 2018 election 27 failed verification Subsequently Lofven announced that he no longer intended to call a snap election 28 The centre right Alliance withdrew from the agreements in 2015 but allowed the minority government to continue governing 2015 European migrant crisis Edit In 2015 when a rising number of refugees and migrants 29 began to make the journey to the European Union to seek asylum Europe was hit by a migrant crisis and Sweden received over 150 000 refugees in 2015 During the autumn of 2015 the reception of refugees increased significantly to over 80 000 in two months and with terror group Islamic state rampage in the Middle East and the following attacks in Paris in November 2015 the Lofven cabinet significantly reverted Sweden s migration policy On 23 October 2015 a bipartisan migration agreement was signed between the cabinet parties and the oppositional Moderate Party the Centre Party the Liberals and the Christian Democrats which included among many other changes temporary residency permits total financial support requirements for family reunification and by law forcing municipalities to help with sheltering refugees in order to better distribute the burden across the country 30 On 12 November 2015 the cabinet introduced temporary border controls with immediate effect The cabinet also proposed identity checks for every individual passing the Danish Swedish border and closing of the Oresund Bridge giving up the latter on 8 December 2015 after severe criticism 31 On 17 December 2015 the Riksdag passed legislation to introduce identity checks with the votes 175 in favor 39 against and 135 abstained 32 On 4 January 2016 identity checks were introduced 33 which meant that people who could not show a valid identity card license or passport were not allowed to cross the border into Sweden breaking with the Nordic Passport Union for the first time since 1954 Only twelve hours later the Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen announced that Denmark would implement temporary border controls along the German Danish border with immediate effect as a consequence of Sweden s identity checks 34 2017 national security crisis Edit This section needs to be updated Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information October 2019 In July 2017 it became known to the public that Maria Agren a former Director General of the Swedish Transport Agency had been investigated after having cleared confidential information threatening the security of the country The act was made in connection with a procurement of IT services with a non governmental company in 2015 Among the cleared data were wanted vehicles armored vehicles the entire Swedish vehicles register Swedish company secrets the Swedish police criminal record and suspicion registers the Swedish state s internal security system and information about agents within the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service 35 Several days after it first became public Lofven held a press conference on 24 July 2017 where he said that there s been an accident at the Transport Agency 36 Responsible cabinet minister Anna Johansson said she had been aware of the situation since January 2017 and blamed her former state secretary Erik Bromander for not having informed her earlier 37 Cabinet ministers Anders Ygeman and Peter Hultqvist were reported to have been aware of the situation since the beginning of 2016 but chose not to inform the head of government 38 All parties within the Swedish opposition have opened up for a vote of confidence against cabinet ministers Anna Johansson Anders Ygeman and Peter Hultqvist in order to remove them from office with some parties calling for vote of confidence against Lofven as Prime Minister Such a vote would if supported by several parties result in a removal of the Lofven cabinet 39 In a press conference on 27 July Lofven announced a government reshuffling with Ygeman and Johansson resigning He also stated that he would not resign himself over the incident Foreign policy Edit Lofven with Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei 11 February 2017 Lofven and other Nordic leaders with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the India Nordic Summit in Stockholm 17 April 2018 In his Policy Statement introduced to the Riksdag on 3 October 2014 Lofven said that his Government would recognise the State of Palestine On 30 October 2014 the Government through Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallstrom announced that the Government had decided to officially recognize the State of Palestine and explained the recognition by saying that it is the only solution to get to a two state solution between Israel and the State of Palestine Sweden is the first country within the European Union to do so after gaining membership with other members such as Poland withholding recognition previously issued under Communist rule 40 Israel called the move unconsidered and Israel recalled its ambassador Isaac Bachman following the recognition Bachman returned to Sweden on 29 November 2014 41 In December 2015 Lofven caused outrage in Israel by claiming that stabbing attacks are not considered terrorism by international standards he later revised his comment explaining that it is now known that the stabbing attacks are sanctioned by some terror organisations 42 Lofven with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the International Arctic Forum in Saint Petersburg 9 April 2019 Lofven has said that the ongoing negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership TTIP between the European Union and the United States are very important and that it is in Sweden s interest that the managed trade agreement is implemented However he has said that the managed trade agreement shall not aggravate social conditions or human rights which should be a high priority while negotiating 43 Lofven visited Iran in February 2017 and held talks with Ali Khamenei to improve economic relations citation needed Lofven has supported closer security cooperation with Saudi Arabia 44 45 46 2018 general election Edit Stefan Lofven vowed to make the 2018 election a referendum about the welfare state 47 Despite poor opinion polling the Social Democrats fared better than initially expected winning 28 26 percent of the popular vote The red green bloc ended up having a slight advantage in a hung parliament of 144 seats to 143 for the centre right coalition Alliansen Lofven announced after the election results that he intended to remain as Prime Minister and called for the burial of bloc politics in Sweden 48 However on 25 September 2018 the Riksdag approved a motion of no confidence against Lofven with a 204 142 vote Lofven remained in office as head of a caretaker government 49 While it initially looked as though the Alliance would be able to form a government the Alliance s leaders subsequently failed to secure enough votes or abstentions to replace him After a record long period of government formation Lofven was eventually re elected as Prime Minister on 18 January 2019 after an agreement was struck between the Social Democrats Greens Liberals and Centre Party the Left Party which was not party to the agreement decided to also abstain from voting against Lofven 50 The Left Party did however express reservation about the parts of the agreement concerning weakening employment rights against unfair dismissal and the removal of rent controls on new build apartments which had been the conditions of the Center and Liberal Parties 51 52 53 and threatened to withdraw their support if these were implemented 54 Nonetheless the minority coalition government of the Social Democrats and Green Party was reformed The second Lofven Government was sworn in on 21 January 2021 government crisis Edit Main article 2021 Swedish government crisis In June 2021 the Left Party declared that they did not have confidence in Lofven and his government and withdrew their support following the publication of the report of the government s commission on removing rent controls on new build apartments 53 as the Left Party had threatened in 2019 53 54 Subsequently the Sweden Democrats put forward a motion of no confidence against Lofven and his cabinet The motion was supported by other opposition parties notably the Moderate Party and the Christian Democrats though they are in favor of removing controls Lofven called it irresponsible by the Left Party to throw the country into a political crisis in the current situation The confidence vote was held on Monday 21 June 55 The Riksdag voted in favour of the vote of no confidence with 181 votes in favour 109 against and 51 abstaining 56 It was the first time in Swedish history that a vote of no confidence resulted in the fall of a government The decision did not mean that the Lofven cabinet was dismissed immediately as the Prime Minister has one week to either call a snap election or resign and ask the Speaker of the Riksdag to proceed with new formation talks 57 58 On 28 June Lofven announced his resignation as Prime Minister which meant that Speaker of the Riksdag Andreas Norlen needed to select someone to form a government On 29 June Norlen handed the task to the leader of the opposition Ulf Kristersson who two days later announced that he was not able to find enough seats to become Prime Minister On 1 July 2021 Lofven was given a second chance to form a government with the deadline being 5 July On that day Norlen and Lofven held a press conference in the First Chamber of the Riksdag which was the upper house of the bicameral Riksdag before it was made unicameral in 1970 59 Norlen announced that he approved of Lofven s government formation and that he will put forth a motion in the Riksdag to hold a vote to reappoint Lofven as Prime Minister the very same day On 7 July the Riksdag voted on Lofven s Prime Ministership 60 The vote ended with 116 votes in favor 173 against and 60 abstaining Since the votes against did not attain the 175 vote threshold required to fail a motion of confidence in the Riksdag Lofven was reinstated as Prime Minister 61 Resignation Edit In his summer speech on 22 August 2021 in Runo in Akersberga Lofven announced that he would not be seeking re election as party chairman at the Social Democratic Party Congress in November 2021 and that he would resign as prime minister upon the election of his successor After several weeks of speculation it was announced that Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson would be the only nominee to replace Lofven as leader she is set to become Sweden s first female prime minister and will lead the party into the 2022 general election 9 62 63 64 65 On 10 November Lofven tendered his resignation to Norlen although the date for the confirmation vote of Andersson still hasn t been set yet 66 67 Personal life EditLofven enjoys sports and supports the ice hockey club Modo from Ornskoldsvik 68 and the football clubs Tottenham Hotspur 69 and GIF Sundsvall 70 He is married to politician and trade unionist Ulla Lofven and has 2 stepchildren 71 Lofven himself has no biological children 72 References Edit United Nations HEADS OF STATE HEADS OF GOVERNMENT PUBLIC LIST MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS PDF un int United Nations p 56 Archived PDF from the original on 3 November 2021 Retrieved 3 November 2021 Swedish parliament confirms Social Democrat s Lofven as new PM Archived 6 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Reuters Retrieved 3 October 2014 a b Ordforandens sida in Swedish IF Metall Archived from the original on 28 January 2012 Retrieved 26 January 2012 Trade Union leader new chairman of the Social Democrats Stockholm News stockholmnews com Archived from the original on 14 September 2014 Retrieved 13 September 2014 Riksdagen har rostat bort statsminister Lofven i historisk omrostning Omni in Swedish Retrieved 21 June 2021 Swedish parliament to vote on Stefan Lofven as prime minister The Local Europe 5 July 2021 Retrieved 5 July 2021 Swedish parliament to vote on Stefan Lofven as prime minister Politico Europe 7 July 2021 Retrieved 8 July 2021 En politisk overlevnadskonstnar SVT in Swedish 7 July 2021 Retrieved 8 July 2021 a b Live Statsminister Stefan Lofven avgar i host DN SE in Swedish 22 August 2021 Retrieved 22 August 2021 https www bloomberg com news articles 2021 09 29 sweden s finance chief nominated to become first female premier Magdalena Andersson vald till Socialdemokraternas nya partiledare DN SE in Swedish 4 November 2021 Retrieved 8 November 2021 Pressmeddelande Statsministern begar entledigande hos talmannen riksdagen se in Swedish Stockholm Riksdag 10 November 2021 Archived from the original on 10 November 2021 Retrieved 10 November 2021 a b Holmberg Elin 26 January 2012 Stefan Lofven Sorvage ar hemma allehanda se in Swedish Archived from the original on 29 January 2012 Retrieved 27 January 2012 Lofvens mamma avliden in Swedish Aftonbladet 18 September 2020 Retrieved 18 September 2020 Sveriges dodbok 1901 2009 Swedish death index 1901 2009 in Swedish Version 5 0 ed Solna Sveriges slaktforskarforbund 2010 ISBN 978 91 87676 59 8 Stenberg Ewa 26 January 2012 Jag kommer att vara jatteglad att fortsatta bygga Dagens Nyheter in Swedish Archived from the original on 28 January 2012 Retrieved 26 January 2012 Kallor till SvD Lofven ny S ledare Svenska Dagbladet in Swedish 26 January 2012 Archived from the original on 28 January 2012 Retrieved 26 January 2012 Election hopeful Stefan Lofven aims to return Sweden to the left Financial Times Archived from the original on 14 September 2014 Retrieved 13 September 2014 Positiva reaktioner pa Lofven Dagens Nyheter in Swedish 27 January 2012 Archived from the original on 28 January 2012 Retrieved 27 January 2012 Richard Orange Tough on finance tough on migrants how Stefan Lofven brought Sweden s left in from the cold The Guardian Archived from the original on 10 August 2014 Retrieved 8 August 2014 Stefan Lofven vald av kongressen Socialdemokraterna Archived from the original on 26 August 2014 Retrieved 4 April 2013 Val till Europaparlamentet Valda in Swedish Valmyndigheten Archived from the original on 30 November 2018 Retrieved 16 July 2019 Sweden Social Democrats will end tax cuts if they win election Reuters Archived from the original on 14 September 2014 Retrieved 13 September 2014 Sverige har fatt en ny statsminister in Swedish Dagens Nyheter Archived from the original on 21 July 2019 Retrieved 21 July 2019 Stefan Lofven utlyser extra val in Swedish Svenska Dagbladet Archived from the original on 21 July 2019 Retrieved 21 July 2019 Forhandlingar pagar for att undvika regeringskaos in Swedish Sveriges Television Archived from the original on 21 July 2019 Retrieved 21 July 2019 Sa fungerar overenskommelsen in Swedish Dagens Nyheter Archived from the original on 21 July 2019 Retrieved 21 July 2019 Sparar over 100 miljoner pa installt nyval in Swedish Aftonbladet Archived from the original on 21 July 2019 Retrieved 21 July 2019 UNHCR viewpoint Refugee or migrant Which is right UNHCR Archived from the original on 22 January 2016 Retrieved 4 January 2016 The majority of people arriving this year in Italy and Greece especially have been from countries mired in war or which otherwise are considered to be refugee producing and for whom international protection is needed However a smaller proportion is from elsewhere and for many of these individuals the term migrant would be correct Nyheter SVT Lofven Far man inte asyl ska man atervanda Archived from the original on 3 February 2016 Retrieved 4 January 2016 The Government drop plans to close the Oresund Bridge Archived 6 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish The Riksdag passes legislation on identity checks Archived 3 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Sweden implements identity checks today Archived 6 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Welle Deutsche Denmark introduces temporary controls along German border DW 04 01 2016 dw com Archived from the original on 21 January 2019 Retrieved 20 January 2019 Confidential informations that may be cleared Archived 26 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Lofven about the IT scandal There s been an accident Archived 25 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Anna Johansson blames her former state secretary Archived 25 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Hultqvist has been aware of the situation since March 2016 Archived 25 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Political scientist Ministers may be forced to resign Archived 25 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine in Swedish Sweden recognizes State of Palestine Al Jazeera Archived from the original on 30 October 2014 Retrieved 30 October 2014 Ambassador Bachman atervander Israel Idag Archived from the original on 23 November 2014 Retrieved 20 November 2014 Swedish PM Knife attacks are not classified as terrorism Archived from the original on 8 December 2015 Retrieved 8 December 2015 Ambassador Lofven slar tillbaka mot Sjostedt Aftonbladet se Archived from the original on 28 July 2017 Retrieved 3 April 2017 Lofven hesitates calling Saudi Arabia a dictatorship Radio Sweden 29 January 2019 Archived from the original on 16 January 2020 Retrieved 14 September 2019 Prime Minister Stefan Lofven to visit Saudi Arabia Government se 20 October 2016 Archived from the original on 14 April 2019 Retrieved 14 September 2019 Sweden not stopping Saudi weapons exports after horrible journalist death The Local 23 October 2018 Archived from the original on 27 January 2019 Retrieved 14 September 2019 Lofven vill gora valet till en folkomrostning om valfarden DN SE in Swedish 13 June 2018 Archived from the original on 9 July 2018 Retrieved 17 September 2018 Nyheter SVT 10 September 2018 Lofven Den har kvallen borde bli blockpolitikens begravning Archived from the original on 12 September 2018 Retrieved 25 September 2018 Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Lofven voted out by parliament The Local 25 September 2018 Archived from the original on 27 September 2018 Retrieved 25 September 2018 Stefan Lofven voted back in as Swedish prime minister thelocal se 18 January 2019 Archived from the original on 18 January 2019 Retrieved 18 January 2019 Morgan Johansson om utredningen av fri hyressattning Sveriges Radio in Swedish 4 June 2021 Retrieved 21 June 2021 Han var med nar Lofven offrade sin sista heliga ko Forsokte svalta ut oss Sveriges Television in Swedish 5 May 2021 Retrieved 21 June 2021 a b c Forslaget Fri hyressattning fran juli nasta sommar Sveriges Television in Swedish 18 June 2020 Retrieved 21 June 2021 a b Jonas Sjostedt Infors marknadshyror da smaller det Sveriges Television in Swedish 17 January 2019 Retrieved 21 June 2021 Sweden s government on brink ahead of no confidence vote Financial Times 17 June 2021 Retrieved 17 June 2021 Misstroendehot mot Lofven svt se in Swedish Sveriges Television Archived from the original on 21 June 2021 Retrieved 21 June 2021 Carlen Linnea 21 June 2021 Lofven falls Detta hander nu SVT Nyheter in Swedish Retrieved 21 June 2021 Swedish parliament Riksdagen riktar en misstroendeforklaring mot statsminister Stefan Lofven S riksdagen se in Swedish Stockholm Swedish parliament Archived from the original on 21 June 2021 Retrieved 21 June 2021 Presstraff med talman Andreas Norlen Press conference with Andreas Norlen Video riksdagen se in Swedish Stockholm Swedish Parliament Archived from the original on 7 July 2021 Retrieved 5 July 2021 Kalender riksdagen se in Swedish Stockholm Swedish parliament Archived from the original on 7 July 2021 Retrieved 7 July 2021 Stefan Lofven blir statsminister igen Stefan Lofven is again reinstated as Prime Minister svt se in Swedish Sveriges Television Archived from the original on 7 July 2021 Retrieved 7 July 2021 Ewa Stenberg Lofven har redan pekat ut sin kronprinsessa Dagens Nyheter in Swedish 22 August 2021 Retrieved 22 August 2021 Lena Mellin Det finns flera starka kandidater www aftonbladet se in Swedish Retrieved 22 August 2021 Stefan Lofven avgar som statsminister i host SVT se in Swedish 22 August 2021 Retrieved 25 August 2021 https www bloomberg com news articles 2021 09 29 sweden s finance chief nominated to become first female premier Stefan Lofven resigns as Prime Minister of Sweden The Local Sweden 10 November 2021 Retrieved 10 November 2021 Swedish PM to hand in resignation Fin Min likely successor Reuters 10 November 2021 Retrieved 10 November 2021 Staffas Anders 2 April 2016 Exklusivt Statsministern Stefan Lofven hyllar Leksands IF En fantastisk prestation Dalarnas Tidningar in Swedish Archived from the original on 16 April 2017 Retrieved 15 April 2017 Kack Andreas 2 November 2015 Krismote sedan gick han pa match Aftonbladet in Swedish Archived from the original on 16 April 2017 Retrieved 15 April 2017 Nordstrom Maria 9 August 2014 Hoppas verkligen att Giffarna gar upp Sundsvalls Tidning in Swedish Archived from the original on 16 April 2017 Retrieved 15 April 2017 Stefan Lofven talar ut om sin karlek till Ulla Expressen in Swedish Retrieved 10 November 2021 Lofven om sin barnlangtan Vore mysigt med en liten Expressen in Swedish Retrieved 21 June 2021 External links Edit Media related to Stefan Lofven at Wikimedia CommonsTrade union officesPreceded byGoran Johnsson Chairman of IF Metall 2006 2012 Succeeded byAnders FerbeParty political officesPreceded byHakan Juholt Leader of the Social Democratic Party 2012 present Succeeded byMagdalena Andersson DesignatePolitical officesPreceded byHakan Juholt Leader of the Opposition 2012 2014 Succeeded byFredrik ReinfeldtPreceded byFredrik Reinfeldt Prime Minister of Sweden 2014 present IncumbentOrder of precedencePreceded byAndreas Norlenas Speaker of the Riksdag Swedish order of precedence as Prime Minister Succeeded byFredrik Wersallas Marshal of the Realm Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stefan Lofven amp oldid 1054751158, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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