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Wikipedia

Syngenta

For the moth genus, see Syngeneta.

The Syngenta Group is a leading global provider of agricultural science and technology, in particular seeds and crop protection products, with its headquarters in Basel, Switzerland, and further locations in Chicago, Tel Aviv, and Shanghai. Syngenta AG was founded in 2000 by the merger of the agrichemical businesses of Novartis and AstraZeneca, and acquired by China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina) in 2015. In 2020, the Syngenta Group was formed, bringing together Syngenta, Adama, and the agricultural business of Sinochem under a single entity.

Syngenta Group
Group Headquarters, Basel, Switzerland
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryAgrobusiness, chemicals
Founded13 November 2000; 20 years ago (2000-11-13)
HeadquartersBasel, Switzerland
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
ProductsCrops

Pesticides
Seeds
Fungicides
Herbicides
Nutrients

Insecticides
Revenue US$13.58 billion (2019)
US$1.93 billion (2019)
US$1.45 billion (2019)
Total assets US$22.39 billion (2019)
Total equity US$(4.39) billion (2019)
Number of employees
49,000 (2020)
ParentChemChina
Websitesyngentagroup.com

Contents

In the late 1990s, the merger of Astra AB and Zeneca created the world’s third-largest chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturer AstraZeneca. In 2000, AstraZeneca and Novartis decided to spin off their seeds and crop protection businesses because of the limited synergies between the agricultural and healthcare sectors. This led to the creation of the Syngenta joint venture. The joint venture was headquartered in Basel and was listed on the stock exchanges in London, New York, Stockholm, and Zurich. AstraZeneca shareholders received 39% of the shares and Novartis shareholders received 61%.

The creation of Syngenta was seen as evidence of the increasing specialization in the European chemical and pharmaceutical industry. Syngenta successfully held its own in the difficult market environment of the 2000s, which was characterized by a global decline in demand in the agricultural sector. Organic growth was mainly driven by investments in genetic engineering and biofuels as well as various acquisitions, including Sanbei Seed from China and Zeraim Gedera from Israel.

A milestone in Syngenta’s history was the full DNA sequencing of the rice genome in 2001 when the company also became a member of the Golden Rice research consortium and acquired patenting and commercialization rights. The company waived royalty payments in markets where rice farmers were underperforming and allowed farmers to use seeds after crossing local varieties. In 2004, a genetically modified sweet corn variety from Syngenta received a European Union import license, attracting significant attention. It was the first genetically modified cereal for human consumption.

Syngenta works in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire originally owned by ICI.

Over the years, there has been speculation that Monsanto, known primarily as a producer of glyphosate, might take over Syngenta. Monsanto’s primary interest was in Syngenta’s technical solutions to pesticide-resistant weeds. Both companies had long competed in important business areas, leading to legal disputes. In 2015, Monsanto made a formal offer to acquire Syngenta, but management rejected it on valuation grounds. As a result, other competitors such as Bayer, Dow Chemical, and DuPont were speculated to be potential buyers of Syngenta.

In 2015, ChemChina, a state-owned chemical company, finally took over Syngenta for a purchase price of $43 billion. This, the largest takeover by a Chinese company to date, caused criticism. Following a positive evaluation by the board of directors, the majority of Syngenta shareholders accepted ChemChina’s offer. By July 2017, ChemChina had secured over 98% of Syngenta’s shares, allowing a squeeze-out of the remaining shareholders and withdrawal from the stock exchange.

Under ChemChina’s leadership, Syngenta played a prominent role in the reorganization and consolidation of the industry. In November 2017, Syngenta agreed to purchase Nidera from Cofco International. In March 2018, Syngenta announced plans to acquire Strider, a Brazilian agri-technology company. In July, Syngenta bought Floranova, a flower and vegetable seeds breeder based in the UK. In September 2019, the company acquired all the assets of The Cropio Group, another agri-technology company.

In June 2020, ChemChina transferred its entire agricultural business to the Syngenta Group, which now also includes Adama and the agricultural activities of Sinochem in addition to Syngenta. The group is headed by Erik Fyrwald (CEO), who previously ran Syngenta. Chen Lichtenstein, who previously headed Adama, is CFO of the Syngenta Group.

In October 2020, the company purchased Valagro, a market-leading producer of innovative Biologicals headquartered in Atessa, Italy.

The Syngenta Group acts as a holding company. The group currently employs around 49,000 people and generates annual sales of $23 billion.

Business units

The Syngenta Group consists of the business units Syngenta Crop Protection (crop protection), Syngenta Seeds (seeds), Adama (crop protection solutions), and Syngenta Group China. Under corporate law, the business units Syngenta Crop Protection and Syngenta Seeds are bundled in Syngenta AG. It is a public limited company headquartered in Basel (Switzerland), where the Syngenta Group headquarters are also located. Other important locations include Chicago (United States), Tel Aviv (Israel) and Shanghai (China). The Syngenta Group has research and development departments at its sites.

Acquisition history (selection)

This article is missing information about further acquisitions. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page.(November 2020)
  • 2004: Garst Seed Company
  • 2004: Golden Harvest Seeds
  • 2009: Circle One Global
  • 2009: Synergene Seed & Technology
  • 2009: Pybas Vegetable Seed Co.
  • 2010: Maribo Seed
  • 2012: Pasteuria Bioscience, Inc
  • 2012: Devgen
  • 2012: Sunfield Seeds
  • 2013: MRI Seed Zambia Ltd
  • 2013: MRI Agro
  • 2014: Società Produttori Sementi
  • 2014: Lantmännen

Current

The Syngenta Group is one of the world’s largest suppliers of crop protection products (including herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides), seeds (including rice and maize/corn, such as the Agrisure Duracade and Agrisure Viptera stacks), and related products. Syngenta also produces biofuels, such as biodiesel.

The company is thus following the political strategy of many countries to reduce their dependence on oil imports from other countries. In 2011, it announced the corn trait Enogen to substantially reduce the consumption of water and energy versus conventional corn. Several ethanol producers plan to process such improved corn. For example, Syngenta has signed a commercial agreement with Three Rivers Energy of Coshocton County, Ohio, U.S. to use grain featuring Enogen trait technology following the 2014 corn harvest.

In 2007, Queensland University in Australia contracted with Syngenta to research different inputs for biofuels as a renewable energy source.

The Syngenta Group also provides digital services to farmers. One example is the "AgriClime" platform, which calculates weather guarantees for farmers to assess and hedge harvest risks. Syngenta Group products and services are designed to help make crops more efficient, preserve biodiversity, and combat the effects of climate change.

Former

Syngenta’s predecessor, Ciba-Geigy, introduced the insecticide Galecron chlordimeform in 1966, which was removed from the market in 1988. In 1976, Ciba-Geigy told regulatory authorities that it was temporarily withdrawing chlordimeform because of ongoing long-term toxicology studies. The studies focused on whether long-term exposure could cause cancer. The research showed that this was the case and that they had already started to monitor the exposure of their workers and had found chlordimeform and its metabolites in their urine.: 8–9

Ciba-Geigy then applied for, and was granted, permission to market Galecron at lower doses for use only on cotton. However, as further long-term monitoring data was obtained, regulators banned chlordimeform in 1988. In a 1995 class action in the U.S., Ciba-Geigy agreed to cover costs for employee health monitoring and treatment. In 2005, Syngenta reported that employee health monitoring was continuing at the company’s Monthey, Switzerland site.

Lobbying

Syngenta is in the transparency register of the European Union as a registered lobbyist. For 2017, it declared a €1.5 to €1.75 million expenditure of lobbying in European institutions.

Syngenta’s contributions to U.S. federal candidates, parties, and outside groups totaled $140,822 during the 2018 election cycle, ranking it 20th on the list of companies in its sector. Its lobbying expenditures in the U.S. during 2018 were $770,000, ranking it 7th in its sector.

Syngenta Foundation

This section contains text that is written in a promotional tone. Please help improve it by removing promotional language and inappropriate external links, and by adding encyclopedic text written from a neutral point of view.(June 2021) ()

In 2001, the company established the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture. Its purpose is to promote sustainable agriculture, for example by supporting relevant scientific input and analysis in this field. The Syngenta Foundation originated from the former Novartis Foundation. The objectives and goals of the Syngenta Foundation are "to work with rural communities in the semi-arid regions of the world and improve their livelihoods." The Syngenta Foundation addressed the World Food Day Symposium in 2005 as an output of the Millennium Ecosystem Report.[citation needed]

Syngenta Group has explicitly committed itself to the United Nations’ sustainability goals with the "Good Growth Plan", which was last renewed in 2020. The Group has a strong commitment to research and innovation, which has been reinforced in light of the impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Awards and other recognition

In 2007, Syngenta’s Canadian division was named one of Canada’s Top 100 Employers, as published in Maclean’s magazine, one of only a handful of agribusiness firms to receive this honour.

In October 2008, Syngenta Crop Protection Canada, Inc. was recognized as one of Waterloo Area’s Top Employers, as announced in the Waterloo Region Record, Guelph Mercury and Cambridge Times. In 2011, Syngenta was named among the top 10 employers in biotechnology by Science magazine. The 2011 Dow Jones Sustainability Index named Syngenta one of the best performing chemical companies worldwide. Syngenta was one of five chemical companies in the World and Europe indices based on economic, social and environmental performance.

St. Gallen Symposium

In 2021, Syngenta Group became a main partner of St. Gallen Symposium in Switzerland, a student-led initiative to foster intergenerational and cross-cultural global dialogue. As a result of this, the company promoted science-based regenerative agriculture to curb climate change.

In 2001, the United States Patent and Trademark Office ruled in favor of Syngenta which had filed a suit against Bayer for patent infringement on a class of neonicotinoid insecticides. The following year Syngenta filed suits against Monsanto and other companies claiming infringement of its U.S. biotechnology patents covering genetically modified corn and cotton. In 2004, it again filed a suit against Monsanto, claiming antitrust violations related to the U.S. biotech corn seed market, and Monsanto countersued. Monsanto and Syngenta settled all litigation in 2008.

Syngenta was defendant in a class action lawsuit by the city of Greenville, Illinois concerning the adverse effects of atrazine in human water supplies. The suit was settled for $105 million in May 2012. A similar case involving six states has been in federal court since 2010.

In the U.S., Syngenta is facing lawsuits from farmers and shipping companies regarding Viptera genetically modified corn. The plaintiffs in nearly 30 states contend that Syngenta’s introduction of Viptera drove down U.S. grain market prices, leading to financial harm, and that Syngenta acted irresponsibly by doing too little to enable shipping companies to export the grain to approved ports. Before Viptera’s 2010 introduction Syngenta secured all U.S. and NCGA-recommended export approvals, but none from China. China had imported little to no U.S. grain prior to 2010, and at the time was not considered a major partner, which changed in 2010, when it dramatically increased U.S. grain imports. For three years, China imported U.S. Viptera grain without formal approval. In November 2013, Chinese officials destroyed a U.S. grain shipment containing Viptera grain and began rejecting all U.S. shipments with the GM grain, but continued to accept it from all countries other than the U.S. The same year, U.S. corn market prices dropped $4 per bushel, causing over $2.9 billion in losses, with just over half of that loss occurring prior to China’s November rejection. China later approved the GM corn in 2014 but U.S. corn grain market prices have since not rebounded. Syngenta lost the first lawsuit to reach trial in Kansas on 23 June 2017 and was ordered to pay the farmers $217 million. However, Syngenta has stated it would appeal the verdict.

In 2007, Syngenta came under scrutiny by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. This was due to third-party sales of products in countries such as Iran, Cuba, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria.

In the past, Syngenta’s crop protection products have also been the subject of repeated criticism. The company was accused of including the sale of highly toxic pesticides in its business model. In 2012, the company was therefore nominated for the "Public Eye Award", which denounces companies with questionable human rights practices.

Brazil

On 21 October 2007, a Brazilian peasant organization, the Landless Workers’ Movement [pt], led a group of landless farmers in an invasion of one of the company’s seed research farms, in protest against genetically-engineered ("genetically modified") vegetables and in hopes of obtaining land for landless families to cultivate. After the invasion had begun, a team from NF Security arrived in a minibus and a fight with gunfire ensued. A trespasser and a security guard were killed, and some trespassers and other security guards were wounded.

The Brazilian police investigation, which concluded in November 2007, blamed the confrontation and death of the trespasser on nine employees and the owner of NF Security; the leader of MST was blamed for trespassing. The inquiry found that the invader was fatally shot in the abdomen and in the leg. The security guard was shot in the head. Eight others were injured, five of them invaders.

The Civil Court of Cascavel granted an order for the repossession of the site on 20 December 2007 and on 12 June 2008, the remaining MST members left the Santa Teresa site they had been occupying. On 14 October 2008, Syngenta donated the 123-hectare station to the Agronomy Institute of Paraná (IAPAR) for research into biodiversity, recovery of degraded areas and agriculture production systems, as well as environmental education programs.

In November 2015, Judge Pedro Ivo Moreiro, of the 1st Civil Court of Cascavel, ruled that Syngenta must pay compensation to the family of Valmir Mota de Oliveira ("Keno"), who was killed in the attack, and to Isabel Nascimento dos Santos who was injured. In his sentence the judge stated that "to refer to what happened as a confrontation is to close one’s eyes to reality, since […] there is no doubt that, in truth, it was a massacre disguised as repossession of property". The version of events put forward by Syngenta was rejected by the Court. In May 2010 Syngenta was condemned by the IV Permanent People’s Tribunal for human rights violations in Brazil.

Tyrone Hayes

There has been a long running conflict between Syngenta and University of California at Berkeley biologist Tyrone Hayes.

According to an article in the 10 February 2014 issue of The New Yorker, Syngenta’s public-relations team took steps to discredit Hayes, whose research is purported to suggest that the Syngenta-produced chemical atrazine was responsible for abnormal development of reproductive organs in frogs. The article states that the company paid third-party critics to write articles discrediting Hayes’s work, planned to have his wife investigated, and planted hostile audience members at scientific talks given by Hayes.

During a 21 February 2014 interview conducted on Democracy Now, Hayes reiterated the claims. After the interview aired, Syngenta denied targeting Hayes or making any threats, calling those statements "uncorroborated and intentionally damaging" and demanding a retraction and public apology from Hayes and Democracy Now.

In 2010, Syngenta forwarded an ethics complaint to the University of California Berkeley, complaining that Hayes had been sending sexually explicit and harassing e-mails to Syngenta scientists. Legal counsel from the university responded that Hayes had acknowledged sending letters having "unprofessional and offensive" content, and that he had agreed not to use similar language in future communications.

The issue has been described as "one of the weirdest feuds in the history of science," by Dashka Slater in her 2012 profile of Hayes in Mother Jones magazine.

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Syngenta
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Syngenta Language Watch Edit For the moth genus see Syngeneta The Syngenta Group is a leading global provider of agricultural science and technology in particular seeds and crop protection products with its headquarters in Basel Switzerland and further locations in Chicago Tel Aviv and Shanghai 2 Syngenta AG was founded in 2000 by the merger of the agrichemical businesses of Novartis and AstraZeneca and acquired by China National Chemical Corporation ChemChina in 2015 3 In 2020 the Syngenta Group was formed bringing together Syngenta Adama and the agricultural business of Sinochem under a single entity 4 Syngenta GroupGroup Headquarters Basel SwitzerlandTypeSubsidiaryIndustryAgrobusiness chemicalsFounded13 November 2000 20 years ago 2000 11 13 HeadquartersBasel SwitzerlandArea servedWorldwideKey peopleJon Erik FyrwaldCEOChen LichtensteinCFOProductsCrops Pesticides Seeds Fungicides Herbicides Nutrients InsecticidesRevenueUS 13 58 billion 2019 1 Operating incomeUS 1 93 billion 2019 1 Net incomeUS 1 45 billion 2019 1 Total assetsUS 22 39 billion 2019 1 Total equityUS 4 39 billion 2019 1 Number of employees49 000 2020 ParentChemChinaWebsitesyngentagroup wbr com Contents 1 History 2 Operations 2 1 Business units 2 2 Acquisition history selection 3 Products and services 3 1 Current 3 2 Former 4 Other activities 4 1 Lobbying 4 2 Syngenta Foundation 4 3 Awards and other recognition 4 4 St Gallen Symposium 5 Litigation 6 Controversies 6 1 Brazil 6 2 Tyrone Hayes 7 References 8 External linksHistory EditIn the late 1990s the merger of Astra AB and Zeneca created the world s third largest chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturer AstraZeneca 5 6 In 2000 AstraZeneca and Novartis decided to spin off their seeds and crop protection businesses because of the limited synergies between the agricultural and healthcare sectors This led to the creation of the Syngenta joint venture 7 The joint venture was headquartered in Basel and was listed on the stock exchanges in London New York Stockholm and Zurich 8 AstraZeneca shareholders received 39 of the shares and Novartis shareholders received 61 9 The creation of Syngenta was seen as evidence of the increasing specialization in the European chemical and pharmaceutical industry 10 Syngenta successfully held its own in the difficult market environment of the 2000s which was characterized by a global decline in demand in the agricultural sector 11 Organic growth was mainly driven by investments in genetic engineering and biofuels 12 as well as various acquisitions including Sanbei Seed from China and Zeraim Gedera from Israel 13 14 A milestone in Syngenta s history was the full DNA sequencing of the rice genome in 2001 when the company also became a member of the Golden Rice research consortium and acquired patenting and commercialization rights 15 The company waived royalty payments in markets where rice farmers were underperforming and allowed farmers to use seeds after crossing local varieties 16 In 2004 a genetically modified sweet corn variety from Syngenta received a European Union import license attracting significant attention It was the first genetically modified cereal for human consumption 17 Syngenta works in Huddersfield West Yorkshire originally owned by ICI Over the years there has been speculation that Monsanto known primarily as a producer of glyphosate might take over Syngenta 18 Monsanto s primary interest was in Syngenta s technical solutions to pesticide resistant weeds 19 Both companies had long competed in important business areas leading to legal disputes In 2015 Monsanto made a formal offer to acquire Syngenta but management rejected it on valuation grounds As a result other competitors such as Bayer Dow Chemical and DuPont were speculated to be potential buyers of Syngenta In 2015 ChemChina a state owned chemical company finally took over Syngenta for a purchase price of 43 billion 20 This the largest takeover by a Chinese company to date caused criticism 21 22 Following a positive evaluation by the board of directors the majority of Syngenta shareholders accepted ChemChina s offer 23 By July 2017 ChemChina had secured over 98 of Syngenta s shares allowing a squeeze out of the remaining shareholders and withdrawal from the stock exchange 24 25 Under ChemChina s leadership Syngenta played a prominent role in the reorganization and consolidation of the industry 26 27 In November 2017 Syngenta agreed to purchase Nidera from Cofco International 28 In March 2018 Syngenta announced plans to acquire Strider a Brazilian agri technology company 29 In July Syngenta bought Floranova a flower and vegetable seeds breeder based in the UK 30 In September 2019 the company acquired all the assets of The Cropio Group another agri technology company 31 32 In June 2020 ChemChina transferred its entire agricultural business to the Syngenta Group 33 which now also includes Adama and the agricultural activities of Sinochem in addition to Syngenta 34 35 The group is headed by Erik Fyrwald CEO who previously ran Syngenta 36 Chen Lichtenstein who previously headed Adama is CFO of the Syngenta Group 37 In October 2020 the company purchased Valagro a market leading producer of innovative Biologicals headquartered in Atessa Italy 38 Operations EditThe Syngenta Group acts as a holding company The group currently employs around 49 000 people and generates annual sales of 23 billion 39 Business units Edit The Syngenta Group consists of the business units Syngenta Crop Protection crop protection Syngenta Seeds seeds Adama crop protection solutions and Syngenta Group China Under corporate law the business units Syngenta Crop Protection and Syngenta Seeds are bundled in Syngenta AG It is a public limited company headquartered in Basel Switzerland where the Syngenta Group headquarters are also located 40 41 Other important locations include Chicago United States Tel Aviv Israel and Shanghai China The Syngenta Group has research and development departments at its sites 42 Acquisition history selection Edit This article is missing information about further acquisitions Please expand the article to include this information Further details may exist on the talk page November 2020 2004 Garst Seed Company 43 2004 Golden Harvest Seeds 44 2009 Circle One Global 45 2009 Synergene Seed amp Technology 46 2009 Pybas Vegetable Seed Co 47 2010 Maribo Seed 48 2012 Pasteuria Bioscience Inc 49 2012 Devgen 50 2012 Sunfield Seeds 51 2013 MRI Seed Zambia Ltd 52 2013 MRI Agro 53 2014 Societa Produttori Sementi 54 2014 Lantmannen 55 Products and services EditCurrent Edit The Syngenta Group is one of the world s largest suppliers of crop protection products including herbicides fungicides and insecticides seeds including rice and maize corn such as the Agrisure Duracade and Agrisure Viptera stacks 56 and related products Syngenta also produces biofuels such as biodiesel The company is thus following the political strategy of many countries to reduce their dependence on oil imports from other countries 57 In 2011 it announced the corn trait Enogen to substantially reduce the consumption of water and energy versus conventional corn 58 Several ethanol producers plan to process such improved corn For example Syngenta has signed a commercial agreement with Three Rivers Energy of Coshocton County Ohio U S to use grain featuring Enogen trait technology following the 2014 corn harvest 59 In 2007 Queensland University in Australia contracted with Syngenta to research different inputs for biofuels as a renewable energy source 60 The Syngenta Group also provides digital services to farmers One example is the AgriClime platform which calculates weather guarantees for farmers to assess and hedge harvest risks 61 Syngenta Group products and services are designed to help make crops more efficient preserve biodiversity and combat the effects of climate change 62 Former Edit Syngenta s predecessor Ciba Geigy introduced the insecticide Galecron chlordimeform in 1966 which was removed from the market in 1988 63 In 1976 Ciba Geigy told regulatory authorities that it was temporarily withdrawing chlordimeform because of ongoing long term toxicology studies The studies focused on whether long term exposure could cause cancer The research showed that this was the case and that they had already started to monitor the exposure of their workers and had found chlordimeform and its metabolites in their urine 64 8 9 Ciba Geigy then applied for and was granted permission to market Galecron at lower doses for use only on cotton 65 However as further long term monitoring data was obtained regulators banned chlordimeform in 1988 In a 1995 class action in the U S Ciba Geigy agreed to cover costs for employee health monitoring and treatment In 2005 Syngenta reported that employee health monitoring was continuing at the company s Monthey Switzerland site 66 Other activities EditLobbying Edit Syngenta is in the transparency register of the European Union as a registered lobbyist For 2017 it declared a 1 5 to 1 75 million expenditure of lobbying in European institutions 67 Syngenta s contributions to U S federal candidates parties and outside groups totaled 140 822 during the 2018 election cycle ranking it 20th on the list of companies in its sector 68 Its lobbying expenditures in the U S during 2018 were 770 000 ranking it 7th in its sector 69 Syngenta Foundation Edit This section contains text that is written in a promotional tone Please help improve it by removing promotional language and inappropriate external links and by adding encyclopedic text written from a neutral point of view June 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message In 2001 the company established the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture Its purpose is to promote sustainable agriculture for example by supporting relevant scientific input and analysis in this field The Syngenta Foundation originated from the former Novartis Foundation 70 The objectives and goals of the Syngenta Foundation are to work with rural communities in the semi arid regions of the world and improve their livelihoods 71 The Syngenta Foundation addressed the World Food Day Symposium in 2005 as an output of the Millennium Ecosystem Report citation needed Syngenta Group has explicitly committed itself to the United Nations sustainability goals with the Good Growth Plan which was last renewed in 2020 72 73 The Group has a strong commitment to research and innovation which has been reinforced in light of the impact of the global COVID 19 pandemic 74 75 Awards and other recognition Edit In 2007 Syngenta s Canadian division was named one of Canada s Top 100 Employers as published in Maclean s magazine one of only a handful of agribusiness firms to receive this honour 76 In October 2008 Syngenta Crop Protection Canada Inc was recognized as one of Waterloo Area s Top Employers as announced in the Waterloo Region Record Guelph Mercury and Cambridge Times 77 In 2011 Syngenta was named among the top 10 employers in biotechnology by Science magazine 78 The 2011 Dow Jones Sustainability Index named Syngenta one of the best performing chemical companies worldwide Syngenta was one of five chemical companies in the World and Europe indices based on economic social and environmental performance 79 St Gallen Symposium Edit In 2021 Syngenta Group became a main partner of St Gallen Symposium in Switzerland a student led initiative to foster intergenerational and cross cultural global dialogue As a result of this the company promoted science based regenerative agriculture to curb climate change 80 Litigation EditIn 2001 the United States Patent and Trademark Office ruled in favor of Syngenta which had filed a suit against Bayer for patent infringement on a class of neonicotinoid insecticides The following year Syngenta filed suits against Monsanto and other companies claiming infringement of its U S biotechnology patents covering genetically modified corn and cotton In 2004 it again filed a suit against Monsanto claiming antitrust violations related to the U S biotech corn seed market and Monsanto countersued Monsanto and Syngenta settled all litigation in 2008 81 Syngenta was defendant in a class action lawsuit by the city of Greenville Illinois concerning the adverse effects of atrazine in human water supplies The suit was settled for 105 million in May 2012 82 83 84 A similar case involving six states has been in federal court since 2010 85 In the U S Syngenta is facing lawsuits from farmers and shipping companies regarding Viptera genetically modified corn The plaintiffs in nearly 30 states contend that Syngenta s introduction of Viptera drove down U S grain market prices leading to financial harm and that Syngenta acted irresponsibly by doing too little to enable shipping companies to export the grain to approved ports 86 Before Viptera s 2010 introduction Syngenta secured all U S and NCGA recommended export approvals but none from China China had imported little to no U S grain prior to 2010 and at the time was not considered a major partner which changed in 2010 when it dramatically increased U S grain imports For three years China imported U S Viptera grain without formal approval In November 2013 Chinese officials destroyed a U S grain shipment containing Viptera grain and began rejecting all U S shipments with the GM grain but continued to accept it from all countries other than the U S 86 The same year U S corn market prices dropped 4 per bushel causing over 2 9 billion in losses with just over half of that loss occurring prior to China s November rejection 87 China later approved the GM corn in 2014 but U S corn grain market prices have since not rebounded Syngenta lost the first lawsuit to reach trial in Kansas on 23 June 2017 and was ordered to pay the farmers 217 million 88 However Syngenta has stated it would appeal the verdict Controversies EditIn 2007 Syngenta came under scrutiny by the U S Securities and Exchange Commission This was due to third party sales of products in countries such as Iran Cuba North Korea Sudan and Syria 89 In the past Syngenta s crop protection products have also been the subject of repeated criticism The company was accused of including the sale of highly toxic pesticides in its business model 90 In 2012 the company was therefore nominated for the Public Eye Award which denounces companies with questionable human rights practices 91 Brazil Edit On 21 October 2007 a Brazilian peasant organization the Landless Workers Movement pt led a group of landless farmers in an invasion of one of the company s seed research farms in protest against genetically engineered genetically modified vegetables and in hopes of obtaining land for landless families to cultivate After the invasion had begun a team from NF Security arrived in a minibus and a fight with gunfire ensued A trespasser and a security guard were killed and some trespassers and other security guards were wounded 92 The Brazilian police investigation which concluded in November 2007 blamed the confrontation and death of the trespasser on nine employees and the owner of NF Security the leader of MST was blamed for trespassing The inquiry found that the invader was fatally shot in the abdomen and in the leg The security guard was shot in the head Eight others were injured five of them invaders 93 The Civil Court of Cascavel granted an order for the repossession of the site on 20 December 2007 94 and on 12 June 2008 the remaining MST members left the Santa Teresa site they had been occupying 95 On 14 October 2008 Syngenta donated the 123 hectare station to the Agronomy Institute of Parana IAPAR for research into biodiversity recovery of degraded areas and agriculture production systems as well as environmental education programs In November 2015 Judge Pedro Ivo Moreiro of the 1st Civil Court of Cascavel ruled that Syngenta must pay compensation to the family of Valmir Mota de Oliveira Keno who was killed in the attack and to Isabel Nascimento dos Santos who was injured 96 97 In his sentence the judge stated that to refer to what happened as a confrontation is to close one s eyes to reality since there is no doubt that in truth it was a massacre disguised as repossession of property 96 97 The version of events put forward by Syngenta was rejected by the Court In May 2010 Syngenta was condemned by the IV Permanent People s Tribunal for human rights violations in Brazil 98 Tyrone Hayes Edit There has been a long running conflict between Syngenta and University of California at Berkeley biologist Tyrone Hayes According to an article in the 10 February 2014 issue of The New Yorker Syngenta s public relations team took steps to discredit Hayes whose research is purported to suggest that the Syngenta produced chemical atrazine was responsible for abnormal development of reproductive organs in frogs The article states that the company paid third party critics to write articles discrediting Hayes s work planned to have his wife investigated and planted hostile audience members at scientific talks given by Hayes 99 During a 21 February 2014 interview conducted on Democracy Now Hayes reiterated the claims 100 After the interview aired Syngenta denied targeting Hayes or making any threats calling those statements uncorroborated and intentionally damaging and demanding a retraction and public apology from Hayes and Democracy Now 101 In 2010 Syngenta forwarded an ethics complaint to the University of California Berkeley complaining that Hayes had been sending sexually explicit and harassing e mails to Syngenta scientists Legal counsel from the university responded that Hayes had acknowledged sending letters having unprofessional and offensive content and that he had agreed not to use similar language in future communications 102 The issue has been described as one of the weirdest feuds in the history of science by Dashka Slater in her 2012 profile of Hayes in Mother Jones magazine 103 References Edit a b c d e Syngenta 2019 Full Year Results PDF Syngenta AG Retrieved 14 February 2020 Aaron KirchfeldAndrew Marc Noel Patrick Winters 24 June 2014 Monsanto Said to Have Weighed 40 Billion Syngenta Deal Bloomberg News Retrieved 4 June 2015 New Syngenta Group Unites Syngenta AG ADAMA and Sinochem CropLife 22 June 2020 retrieved 30 October 2020 Syngenta China formt den grossten Agrochemie Konzern der Welt Handelsblatt in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Andrew Ross Sorkin for the New York Times 3 December 1999 AstraZeneca and Novartis To Shed Agricultural Units Accessed 27 May 2013 Syngenta Begins Trading on the New York Stock Exchange PRNewsWire 13 November 2000 Archived from the original on 30 June 2015 Retrieved 18 March 2021 Neuer Stern am Agrohimmelszelt Aargauer Zeitung in German 12 October 2000 Syngenta geht im November an die Borse Handelsblatt in German 19 September 2000 Syngenta wird neuer Massstab der Agrarchemie Novartis und AstraZeneca bringen ihre entsprechenden Aktivitaten in Gemeinschaftsfirma ein Borsen Zeitung in German 3 December 1999 Grosster Konzern fur Agrochemie Neue Vorarlberger Tageszeitung in German 3 December 1999 Syngenta behauptet sich in schwierigem Umfeld Financial Times Deutschland in German 29 July 2004 Reiche Ernte Das Schweizer Agrochemie Unternehmen setzt auf Gentechnik und Biosprit zum Wohl der Aktionare Focus Money in German 31 October 2006 Syngenta kauft in China Borsen Zeitung in German 15 May 2007 Syngenta kauft in Israel zu Borsen Zeitung in German 11 July 2007 Syngenta entschlusselt Reis DNA Handelsblatt in German 26 January 2001 WDR 31 October 2019 Reis Genreis Planet Wissen in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Zulassung fur Genmais weckt Hoffnungen der Saatguthersteller Handelsblatt in German 21 May 2004 Ubernahmegeruchte um Monsanto und Syngenta Wirtschaftsblatt in German 5 May 2015 Warum Monsanto an Syngenta interessiert ist Das Fehlen von Losungen fur das Problem pestizidresistenten Unkrauts hat Handlungsbedarf geschaffen Neue Zurcher Zeitung in German 13 May 2015 Chemchina in Talks To Buy Syngenta China Daily 14 November 2015 Riesenubernahme China bietet 43 Milliarden Dollar fur Syngenta FAZ NET in German ISSN 0174 4909 Retrieved 4 November 2020 Die Chinesen kommen Neue Zurcher Zeitung in German 3 February 2016 Aiolfi Sergio 3 February 2016 Verwaltungsrat leistet keinen Widerstand Neue Zurcher Zeitung ChemChina s Crosses 98 Syngenta Threshold CHEManager Chemanager Online Retrieved 4 November 2020 ChemChina halt 98 an Syngenta Squeeze out eingeleitet cash in German 13 July 2017 Retrieved 4 November 2020 ChemChina ubernimmt Syngenta BASF in Bedrangnis manager magazin Unternehmen Manager Magazin in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Siegfried Hofmann Bert Frondhoff Syngenta attackiert Bayer in Agrochemie Der China Faktor Handelsblatt in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 China s Cofco International sells Nidera seeds business to Syngenta Reuters 6 November 2017 Retrieved 8 May 2020 Seaman Jessica 29 March 2018 Syngenta acquires Brazilian agtech company Triad Business Journal Ayers Rebecca 27 July 2018 Syngenta acquires U K based seeds breeder Floranova Triad Business Journal Whittington Lloyd 2 September 2019 Syngenta acquires agri business software company Triad Business Journal Retrieved 4 November 2019 Syngenta Buys Agricultural Technology Firm Cropio Successful Farming 2 September 2019 Retrieved 25 February 2020 Syngenta Group Die Eigner aus China machen Syngenta chic fur die Borse Handelszeitung in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Syngenta wird in Holding integriert Basler Zeitung in German 6 January 2020 Wirtschaft Finanz und Syngenta bundelt Agrargeschafte Finanz und Wirtschaft in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Dominik Feldges Syngenta nimmt noch starker chinesische Zuge an Neue Zurcher Zeitung in German 7 January 2020 Syngenta Group Chen Lichtenstein zum CFO ernannt Gabot in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Syngenta Group Acquires Leading Biologicals Company Valagro BioSpace US Retrieved 5 November 2020 Seraina Gross Syngenta Unsere Prasenz in der Schweiz wird noch starker Handelszeitung in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Syngenta Hauptsitz sollin Basel bleiben Tagesanzeiger in German 30 January 2020 Unternehmensportrait Syngenta AG AWP Finanznachrichten in German 30 May 2020 Syngenta Group Grundung eines globalen AgTech Marktfuhrers Gabot in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 History recalled of disappearing Garst seed AG Pro Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta acquires majority position in Golden Harvest Farm Progress 28 June 2004 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Hopkins Matt 11 June 2009 Syngenta Acquires Circle One For Bio Control Technology AgriBusiness Global Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta ubernimmt US Unternehmen fur Salatsaatgut Proplanta in German 12 November 2009 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta vegetable seed varieties united as one brand Vegetable Growers News Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta Acquires Maribo Seed Sugar Beet Business From Nordic Sugar Foodingredientsfirst Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta to Acquire Pasteuria Bioscience CHEManager Chemanager Online Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta pays hefty premium to snap up Devgen Reuters 21 September 2012 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta To Acquire Sunfield Seeds Foodingredientsfirst Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta to Acquire African Corn Seed Business Cision Prnewswire Retrieved 5 November 2020 Ackermann Benine 13 June 2018 Good news for Zambian farmers Syngenta helps farmers to grow ProAgri US Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta kauft italienischen Hartweizensaatgut Produzenten Schweizer Bauer in German 7 April 2014 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Syngenta kauft bei Lantmannen ein Handelszeitung in German Retrieved 5 November 2020 Agrisure Duracade Corn Rootworm Trait Syngenta US Retrieved 8 September 2021 Politik beschert Syngenta Ruckenwind Handelsblatt in German 10 February 2006 Andrew Pollack 11 February 2011 U S Approves Corn Modified for Ethanol NYTimes Retrieved 3 May 2014 Syngenta and Three Rivers Energy signed Enogen trait technology agreement AgroPages 26 Nov 2013 Retrieved 2014 5 8 Syngenta in Australian biofuel research cleantech com 1 August 2007 Archived from the original on 1 August 2007 Retrieved 10 April 2018 Sanjiv Rana 24 August 2020 Syngenta sharing weather related risks with farmers Chemweek Retrieved 4 November 2020 Erik Fyrwald Changing the Image of the Agrochemicals Industry Financial Times 28 July 2019 Retrieved 25 April 2020 World Health Organization Chlordimeform Environmental Health Criteria No 199 ISBN 9789241571999 Environmental Protection Agency Office Of Pesticide Programs Case Number 0141 Guidance for the Reregistration Of Pesticide Products Containing Chlordimeform or Chlordimeform Hydrochloride As Active Ingredients 059701 and 059702 431 Chlordimeform Pesticide residues in food 1978 evaluations International Programme on Chemical Safety IPCS Retrieved 4 February 2014 Syngenta Global Website Bringing plant potential to life PDF Syngenta 17 December 2013 Archived from the original PDF on 29 September 2006 Retrieved 4 February 2014 European Register Archived from the original on 8 August 2018 Agricultural Services amp Products Top Contributors to Federal Candidates Parties and Outside Groups Archived from the original on 8 August 2018 Agricultural Services amp Products Lobbying 2018 Archived from the original on 8 August 2018 Zwischen Hilfe und Geschaft Basler Zeitung in German 9 August 2001 1 Archived 31 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine B K Jha 2 July 2020 Combating climate change Syngenta launches new Good Growth Plan Agriculture Post GB Retrieved 4 November 2020 Schuller Jil Syngenta erweitert seinen Good Growth Plan um Ziele fur den Klimaschutz Bauern Zeitung in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 A different look at COVID 19 Syngenta 24 March 2020 Retrieved 4 November 2020 Post Agriculture 2 September 2020 Syngenta helps farmers sell agri produce amid COVID 19 pandemic Agriculture Post GB Retrieved 4 November 2020 Reasons for Selection 2007 Canada s Top 100 Employers Eluta ca Archived from the original on 28 July 2012 Retrieved 4 February 2014 Reasons for Selection 2009 Waterloo Area s Top Employers Competition Eluta ca Retrieved 4 February 2014 Milano Carol 16 September 2011 Innovation and Research The Human Factor Science Careers Sciencecareers sciencemag org Retrieved 4 February 2014 DJSI recognition Syngenta 8 September 2011 Archived from the original on 21 February 2014 Retrieved 4 February 2014 Syngenta Group Becomes Main Partner of St Gallen Symposium in Switzerland Seed Today 17 February 2021 Retrieved 11 May 2021 Zuhn Donald 30 May 2008 Monsanto and Syngenta Settle All Litigation Between the Companies Patent Docs Retrieved 4 February 2014 City of Greenville v Syngenta Crop Protection Inc and Syngenta AG Case No 3 10 cv 00188 JPG PMF accessed 23 August 2013 Berry Ian 25 May 2012 Syngenta Settles Weedkiller Lawsuit US Wall Street Journal ISSN 0099 9660 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Clare Howard Special Report Syngenta s campaign to protect atrazine discredit critics Environmental Health News 17 June 2013 Dalton Rex 2010 E mails spark ethics row Nature 466 7309 913 doi 10 1038 466913a PMID 20725013 a b Syngenta Speaks Out About Viptera Duracade Launch Agriculture Com 31 October 2014 Retrieved 4 September 2015 Table 9 Corn and sorghum Average prices received by farmers United States USDA 17 August 2015 Archived from the original on 22 September 2015 Retrieved 4 September 2015 Cronin Fisk Margaret Bross Tim 23 June 2017 Syngenta Loses 218 Million Verdict in First GMO Trial Test Bloomberg Retrieved 23 June 2017 Oliver Stock Syngenta Heikle Ware Handelsblatt in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Syngentas giftiges Geschaftsmodell PublicEye in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Zweifelhafte Ehre fur Syngenta Handelszeitung in German Retrieved 4 November 2020 Doyle Leonard 5 November 2007 Brazilian land activist killed in dispute over experimental GM farm The Independent Retrieved 26 May 2013 Miguel Portela CASCAVEL Policia indicia segurancas por morte Police indicate security guards for death Contag in Portuguese Retrieved 5 November 2020 Marcus Vinicius 28 December 2007 A multa continua The fine continues Bemparana Archived from the original on 24 July 2013 Retrieved 5 November 2020 Desocupacao da fazenda da multinacional Syngenta e finalizada Bem Parana Syngenta s multinational farm is terminated Bemparana in Portuguese Retrieved 5 November 2020 a b Archived copy Archived from the original on 21 November 2015 Retrieved 20 November 2015 CS1 maint archived copy as title link a b Direitos Terra de Syngenta condenada Justica responsabiliza empresa por morte de sem terra no Parana Syngenta condemned Justice holds company responsible for landless death in Parana Terradedireitos in Portuguese Retrieved 10 April 2018 Direitos Terra de Syngenta e condenada na Europa por violacoes de direitos humanos no Brasil Syngenta condemned Justice holds company responsible for landless death in Parana Terradedireitos in Portuguese Retrieved 10 April 2018 Aviv Rachel 3 February 2014 A Valuable Reputation The New Yorker Retrieved 5 November 2020 Juan Gonzalez and Amy Goodman for Democracy Now 21 February 2014 Silencing the Scientist Tyrone Hayes on Being Targeted by Herbicide Firm Syngenta Syngenta Defends Senior Scientist Syngenta 7 March 2014 Retrieved 22 March 2014 Dalton Rex 18 August 2010 E mails spark ethics row Nature 466 7309 913 doi 10 1038 466913a PMID 20725013 Slater Dashka January February 2012 The Frog of War Mother Jones External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Syngenta Official website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Syngenta amp oldid 1052341448, wikipedia, wiki, book, books, library,

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